East European Shepherd vs Combai - Breed Comparison

Combai is originated from India but East European Shepherd is originated from Russia. Combai may grow 12 cm / 4 inches shorter than East European Shepherd. Combai may weigh 16 kg / 35 pounds lesser than East European Shepherd. Combai may live 3 years more than East European Shepherd. Both Combai and East European Shepherd has almost same litter size. Combai requires Low Maintenance. But East European Shepherd requires Moderate Maintenance

Basic Information

Group:
Hound dogs
Working dogs
Origin:
India
Russia
Height Male:
43 - 64 cm
16 - 26 inches
66 - 76 cm
25 - 30 inches
Height Female:
43 - 64 cm
16 - 26 inches
66 - 76 cm
25 - 30 inches
Weight Male:
18 - 34 kg
39 - 75 pounds
30 - 50 kg
66 - 111 pounds
Weight Female:
18 - 34 kg
39 - 75 pounds
30 - 50 kg
66 - 111 pounds
Life Span:
12 - 15 Years
10 - 12 Years
Litter Size:
3 - 8
4 - 10
Size:
Medium
Large
Other Names:
Indian Bear Hound, Indian Bear Dog and Tamil Bear Hound
Belarusian Shepherd, Eastern European Shepherd, Byelorussian Shepherd
Colors Available:
Brown, reddish, tan
Solid colored or fawn or tan with black saddle
Coat:
Short and smooth
Medium length and dense
Shedding:
Minimal
Moderate, Seasonal
Temperament:
Affectionate, Aggressive, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Curious, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Protective, Responsive, Social, Stubborn, Territorial
Affectionate, Aggressive, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Curious, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Responsive, Social, Stubborn, Territorial
Grooming:
Low Maintenance
Moderate Maintenance
Trainability:
Easy
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
No
No
Kids Friendly:
Yes
No
New Owners Friendly:
No
No

History

The Combai is a dog from Tamilnadu, Southern India, developed to hunt dangerous animals by the Indian royalty. It is a rare breed in India, believed to be close to extinction.

The dog is also known as the Indian Bear Hound, Indian Bear Dog and Tamil Bear Hound. You can spell the name of the dog with a ‘C’ or a ‘K’, Combai or Kombai.

Accurate records as to the history of this dog haven’t been kept, so much of the dog’s history is on speculation, although it is believed with some certainty, that the breed has been around since the 15th century. It is thought that the Combai was developed from Mastiff-type dogs, Pariah dogs, the Thai Ridgeback and Khoisan dogs.

The East European Shepherd is a dog which hails from Russia. The dog was developed in the 1930-1950s as there was a need for a bigger, more robust, weather-resistant type of dog who would perform all kinds of guard duties in the Soviet Union.

This is a rare dog breed, created by mixing Russian breeds such as the Laika, Central Asian Shepherd and Caucasian Shepherd to create a strong working dog that could cope well with the sub-freezing conditions.

The standard breed type was established in 1964. The only major kennel club to grant full recognition to the East-European Shepherd is the Russian Kennel Club. In the United States, the dog is recognized by a number of rare breed registries.

Description

The Combai is a medium sized dog, standing at between 43 to 64cm in height and weighing up to 34kg. Possibly the most distinctive feature of the Combai is a ridge of fur that runs down its back, with the hair growing in the opposite direction to the dog’s body hair. The coat of the dog is short and smooth with colors being brown, tan or reddish. The dog is medium sized, though size does vary quite a bit . The dog is muscular, lean and athletic with a long tail that curls over the back.

The head of the Combai is fairly narrow with a muzzle which is quite long.The ears of the Combai vary as well and usually drop down or they fold backwards.

Temperament:

The Combai’s temperament is by no means gentle and it is believed to be a fierce, angry breed who will fight other dogs to the death.

It is sometimes hard to believe that the Combai, with training and socialization can make a good family pet. He then loves the company of his human family and remains loyal to them. When trained and socialized they also get on well with children in the home.

It isn’t recommended as a first dog choice for those who have never owned a dog as it does tend to be aggressive. The dog is also very territorial and alert and its why he makes a good watchdog.

The East European Shepherd is larger than a German Shepherd. He is described as a large dog with males and females standing roughly at 66-76 centimeters at the withers and weighing anything between 30–50kg.

The coat with undercoat is medium in length with the standard color being black-and-tan or black-and-red. The dog is solid colored or is light fawn or tan in color with black saddle.

The face of the dog is black and he looks a lot like a wolf in appearance. The ears of the East European Shepherd are medium sized and always erect.The tail is long and hangs low.

Temperament:

The East European Shepherd is an intelligent and confident dog and can be aggressive when aggravated. He is a working dog and to get along with other pets in the home as well as children, the East European Shepherd will need to be trained and socialized, becoming obedient and loyal with his owner.

He is an intelligent dog and training him poses no problem. Loyal and devoted, this dog mostly becomes particularly attached to one member of the family.

There are a number of dog experts who don’t recommend the dog as a family pet as it is a dog reluctant to form a close bond with a child, being irritated by them, especially ill disciplined children.

It is a strong-willed dog too and shouldn’t be the first dog choice for a novice dog owner. They make excellent guard dogs and take their role as protector of the family seriously.

Health Problems

Most dog experts will agree that the Combai is a breed that enjoys excellent health, and that in fact it seems as though the dog is disease- and parasite resistant.

There are however, always common dog illnesses that every dog owner should be aware of and it is always to a dog owner’s benefit to have their pet tested by Foundations such as the Orthopedic- and Canine Eye Registration Foundation who can perform tests to identify potential health defects before they show up.

Some of the ailments of concern in hounds include progressive retinal atrophy, demoid sinus and hip dysplasia.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy:

The Retina is the light sensitive part of the eye and also part of the central nervous system. In retinal degeneration, the cells of the retina decline in function and this is what leads to possible blindness.

Progressive retinal atrophy worsens with time. If your pet doesn’t seem to react to light properly it may be wise to have him checked by the vet.

Demoid Sinus:

This defect is found in newborns as well as later on in life, and found primarily in Ridgeback dogs. Dermoid sinus is a neural tube defect that is typically found along your dog’s back, the tail and the neck.

The role of the tubes is to drain out dead cells for example. Not correctly formed, they become infected and an abscess forms with discharge. You will have to get your pet to the vet who will proceed with treatment as your pet can experience pain and discomfort.

Regarded as a tough dog who can reach 10 – 12 years of age, the East European Shepherd is prone to hip or elbow dysplasia. This is a a disease that is more prevalent with German Shepherd type dogs.

Dysplasia is a genetic condition which can lead to inflammation and arthritis and even lameness. Unfortunately it can happen with young dogs too, and the vet will suggest different types of treatment which can include surgery.

Degenerative myelopathy is another degenerative disease which can be found with the East European Shepherd. It is a fatal, progressive degenerative disease of the spinal cord. Unfortunately there isn’t treatment for the disease, leading to paralysis of the limbs.

Caring The Pet

Exercise:

The Combai is an active dog and he will require quite a bit of exercise. A good way of giving him exercise is to take him on walks or allow him to go jogging with you or cycling.

Denying him exercise will make him frustrated and destructive. His high exercise needs mean that he won’t do well in small apartments but will do well in the suburbs or in the country.

Grooming:

With his short coat, the Combai is a low maintenance breed.  This breed should never require professional grooming, only an occasional brushing.  Other than that, he will require his nails being clipped, his ears checked for infection and his teeth cleaned 2 or 3 times a week.

Diet:

High energy dogs like the Combai will require a top quality kibble diet recommended by your vet with raw meat included in his diet from time to time as well as nutritious cooked food added in such as brown rice, vegetables and cooked chicken. Fresh water must be available to him night and day non-stop.

Grooming:

The coat of the East European Shepherd is thick, and while he won’t require any professional grooming, he will require being brushed at least twice a week. This is because he sheds heavily at certain times.

His nails will need to be clipped if they don’t wear down naturally, and his teeth will require regular brushing at least 2 or 3 times a week. Fortunately, because his ears are large and open, he doesn’t easily get an ear infection.

Exercise:

The East European Shepherd is a dog which has always been worked. It is a highly energetic dog and its role as a guard- and herding dog has made it that the dog will require a good dose of exercise.

A long walk may not be enough for this active dog, and he will require intense ball throwing with a tennis racquet to get the ball far away so that he can run far to fetch the ball. Without enough exercise, the East-European Shepherd will develop behavioral problems which will include aggression.

Characteristics

The Combai is known for its bravery and fearlessness and this is what makes him such an exceptional watch dog as he also doesn’t take kindly to strangers.

The Combai is full of energy too and won’t like to spend days lying around. He will require regular exercise.

Have him trained and socialized and he becomes the most loyal and devoted pet and companion.

The East-European Shepherd dogs are balanced, confident, intelligent, loving and playful while also being tough and protective of their owners.

They make fantastic guard dogs, becoming aggressive around strangers whom they don’t trust. When you bring a dog like this into the home, it is essential to have him trained and socialized and to also have a firm owner who can deal with such a strong-willed animal.

He is an active, alert dog who will require regular exercise and will slot into life in the city or in the country so long as his exercise needs are met.

When you look after your East European Shepherd you’ll find in him a devoted, loyal friend who will protect you with his life.

Comparison with other breeds

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  6. Combai vs French Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  7. Combai vs Beagle - Breed Comparison
  8. Combai vs Yorkshire Terrier - Breed Comparison
  9. Combai vs Poodle - Breed Comparison
  10. Combai vs Rottweiler - Breed Comparison
  11. Combai vs Boxer - Breed Comparison
  12. Combai vs English Pointer - Breed Comparison
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  14. Combai vs Doberman Pinscher - Breed Comparison
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  18. Combai vs Afghan Hound - Breed Comparison
  19. Combai vs Aidi - Breed Comparison
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  26. East European Shepherd vs English Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  27. East European Shepherd vs German Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  28. East European Shepherd vs Golden Retriever - Breed Comparison
  29. East European Shepherd vs Labrador Retriever - Breed Comparison
  30. East European Shepherd vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  31. East European Shepherd vs French Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  32. East European Shepherd vs Beagle - Breed Comparison
  33. East European Shepherd vs Yorkshire Terrier - Breed Comparison
  34. East European Shepherd vs Poodle - Breed Comparison
  35. East European Shepherd vs Rottweiler - Breed Comparison
  36. East European Shepherd vs Boxer - Breed Comparison
  37. East European Shepherd vs English Pointer - Breed Comparison
  38. East European Shepherd vs Siberian Husky - Breed Comparison
  39. East European Shepherd vs Doberman Pinscher - Breed Comparison
  40. East European Shepherd vs American Bully - Breed Comparison
  41. East European Shepherd vs Abruzzenhund - Breed Comparison
  42. East European Shepherd vs Affenpinscher - Breed Comparison
  43. East European Shepherd vs Afghan Hound - Breed Comparison
  44. East European Shepherd vs Aidi - Breed Comparison
  45. East European Shepherd vs Airedale Terrier - Breed Comparison
  46. East European Shepherd vs Akbash Dog - Breed Comparison
  47. East European Shepherd vs Akita - Breed Comparison
  48. East European Shepherd vs Africanis - Breed Comparison
  49. East European Shepherd vs Askal - Breed Comparison
  50. East European Shepherd vs Atlas Terrier - Breed Comparison