Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic vs English Mastiff - Breed Comparison

Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic is originated from Croatia but English Mastiff is originated from United Kingdom. Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic may grow 16 cm / 6 inches shorter than English Mastiff. Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic may weigh 86 kg / 189 pounds lesser than English Mastiff. Both Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic and English Mastiff has same life span. Both Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic and English Mastiff has almost same litter size. Both Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic and English Mastiff requires Low maintenance.

Basic Information

Group:
Hound dog
Molosser dogs
Origin:
Croatia
United Kingdom
Height Male:
43 - 60 cm
16 - 24 inches
74 - 76 cm
29 - 30 inches
Height Female:
43 - 60 cm
16 - 24 inches
70 - 73 cm
27 - 29 inches
Weight Male:
12 - 27 kg
26 - 60 pounds
68 - 113 kg
149 - 250 pounds
Weight Female:
12 - 27 kg
26 - 60 pounds
54 - 84 kg
119 - 186 pounds
Life Span:
10 - 12 Years
7 - 12 Years
Litter Size:
6 - 12
5 - 10
Size:
Medium dog
Giant dog
Other Names:
Istrian wire-haired or short-haired scenthound
Mastiff Old English Mastiff
Colors Available:
White with orange markings
silver-fawn, apricot-fawn, or dark fawn-brindle, fawn
Coat:
Short and smooth or medium length and wiry
fine, smooth
Shedding:
Minimal
Moderate
Temperament:
Affectionate, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Curious, Docile, Energetic, Friendly, Gentle, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Quiet, Responsive, Social, Territorial
Courageous, Docile, Friendly, Independent, Loyal, Protective, Quiet, Stubborn
Grooming:
Low maintenance
Low maintenance
Trainability:
Easy
Moderate
Hypoallergenic:
No
No
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
Yes
No

History

The Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic, also referred to as the Istrian wire-haired or short-haired scenthound is a very ancient dog breed. Apparently the dog has been found in paintings that go way back to the early 1700s.

The dog can either have a short, smooth coat or a rough, wiry longer coat. He has always been popular with hunters, used for hunting rabbits and fox.

An interesting fact with this dog is the correlation between the Dalmatian dog and the Istrian short-haired hound. According to veterinary investigations, there are strong likenesses between the two breeds.

The truth is, the origin of the Istrian has been a matter of dispute for some time but in 2003 the Federation Cynologique Internationale recognized the breed as hailing from Croatia.

Throughout most of history there have been images created by people of very large, sturdy dogs that they shared their space with. The English Mastiff can trace some part of her ancestry to these same dogs. This breed is thought to have come from the stock of ancient breeds such as the Alpine Mastiff, Pugnaces Britanniae and Alaunt. The Mastiff in general has then become a main descendent of many other breeds of dogs since the 1880’s. The images of these types of dogs goes back to the 5th and 6th century.

There is no genetic evidence linking these dogs to the modern Mastiffs and the English Mastiff, but the resemblance is obvious. There is anecdotal evidence that these Mastiff type dogs were exported from England – the English Mastiff – to Greece to hunt game but were also used as war dogs by the Celts. The Alaunt was probably used the Normans and bred by the Alans. Writings and images throughout these times depicted a dog that looked very much like today’s English Mastiff. Some speculate that the English Mastiff came to the United States of the Mayflower.

There was a decline in the English Mastiff in its homeland in the 1800’s following the Cruelty to Animals Act of 1835 which prohibited owners and trainers from baiting animals. Then in the 19th century, prior to the first World War, systematic breeding programs began with J.W. Thompson. His first English Mastiff was a female named Dorah. Dorah’s ancestors included dogs from Thompson’s Grandfather. Captain John Garnier of the Royal Engineers also had dogs that contributed to the development of the English Mastiff.

During this time some breeders got away from pure type and began to breed for other factors. In the late 1800’s, Edgar Hanbury and Mark Hanbury Beaufoy began restoring the breed to its original soundness. One of their dogs was exported to the US were breeding to soundness continued until the First World War reduced the number of English Mastiffs around the world. By the time the war ended there were no English Mastiffs outside of England.

There was a dog in Canada named Beowulf and direct descendent of imports from Britain, who came to the States after the war and began to re-establish the breed on this continent and registered with the American Kennel Club. Yet as of 1945, the contribution from North

Breeding was stopped again for World War II and started again after the war. Many of these puppies died of distemper. Only one female had pups that were able to grow up into adults. North America sent dogs to England at this time and all of the Mastiffs from that time, could be traced back to Nydia and the 14 North American Mastiffs. Since then the breed has been restored slowly in Europe, North America and everywhere in the world.

The English Mastiff is known by his massive head with a black mask and comes in a wide variety of colors. He is also known as a gentle giant because of his personality and the love he has for his people.

Description

Medium in size, the Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic stands at roughly 43 to 60cm at the withers and weighs roughly 12 to 27kg. The chest of the dog is broad and deep, the skull slightly rounded while the muzzle is strong and rectangular shaped. The nose is dark brown or black.

The ears are floppy and are nearly always in the orange color while the tail is long and is carried low. The coat of the rough haired dog is of medium length. In fact the coat can either be short and smooth or longish and wiry with a woolly undercoat. The color of the coat is white with orange markings.

Temperament:

This breed of dog is sought after for his cheerful personality. He is loyal to his human family and is a social dog, loving to spend time around his family.

He is energetic, confident and strong-willed and this is why, as with most other dogs, he will benefit from training and socialization, as this makes him obedient and responsive to his owner. He is evenly tempered, being gentle and docile.

The English Mastiff is a giant dog with a broad head and body. In terms of mass it is the worlds largest dog, just a little bigger that the Saint Bernard. The Great Dane and the Irish Wolfhound are 6 inches taller but do not carry the weight and bulk of the Mastiff. Mostly square in his body and his head with a massive chest and wide set forelegs. The head is square and very large. No matter the color of the coat, the face should have a black mask like the St. Bernard. His eyes and nose are also dark.

Health Problems

Dental Disease:

There are people who don’t take dental disease seriously in dogs as they think that it simply affects the teeth, when in fact dental disease can affect the dog’s entire body.

Dental- and gum disease is to be regarded with concern as it can be painful and even life threatening. It affects many dogs, and unfortunately your Istarski is also likely to have problems with his teeth. Tartar build-up and infection of the gums can lead to tooth loss but also damage to the kidneys, heart and joints.

Dogs need to have their teeth attended to regularly and if this is something new to you, speak to your vet and find out about special canine toothpaste and toothbrush and how to use them.

Infections:

Dogs can be susceptible to bacterial and viral infections such as rabies, distemper and parvo, and that is why visits to your vet are so important. These life-threatening diseases for your Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic are preventable through vaccinations.

Being a massive dog can take its toll on the body’s development and that is certainly true of the English Mastiff. A lot of running is not recommended in the early life of the dog – preferable for the first two years. This could damage the joint’s growth plates and cause him a lot of problems in later years. Too much exercise in this massive dog can hurt him but so can, not enough exercise.

Some of the health issues other than this that the English Mastiff is prone to include:

  1. Calluses –
  2. On their paws. Must be taken care of before infection sets in.
  3. Arthritis

A large dog like the English Mastiff is always prone to pain from arthritic joints. See your vet about pain medication.

Hygroma

A spot under the skin that is swollen and filled with fluid. Can be treated. It is not an infection or contagious.

Hip Dysplasia

Can result in lameness and arthritis.

Caring The Pet

Taking care of an Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic dog is much like caring for a child – doing everything you can to keep him healthy and happy, after all, he is a member of your family.

You want to be watching his diet and making sure that it is the best quality there is, full of vitamins and minerals to keep his eyes bright, his nose wet and his tail wagging.

There are excellent commercially manufactured dog foods on the market today and the best ones ensure excellent nutrition for your dog to keep him in optimal condition through each stage that he goes through. Try to include some home-made food into this kibble such as cooked chicken, brown rice and vegetables and it can be to his benefit to just to include some raw meat from time to time.

Make sure your Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic is well exercised, that you check his teeth and ears to ensure there are no infections and to call the vet immediately you suspect something is wrong. Make sure you have him examined as a puppy and that he gets his necessary injections as there are diseases that can kill your dog.

This is an enormous dog that grows quickly. It is important to feed them properly as they grow. If he doesn’t get what he needs as a puppy you will not be able to make it up to him later on.

Feeding the puppy

The English Mastiff puppy needs good nutrition for growing properly.

From 12-16 weeks of age feed him 3-4 cups a day of a high protein, high quality dry food. Break this up into 3-4 meals.

From 4 -6 months of age feed him 8-10 cups a day of a high protein, high quality dry food. Break this up into 2-3 meals.

From 6-18 months of age feed him 8-12 cups a day of a high protein, high quality, dry food. Break this up into 2-3 meals.

Feeding the adult

The English Mastiff is still growing from a year to 18 months. Starting at 18 months feed him 10-12 cups a day of high protein, high quality dry food. Break this up into 2 meals.

As your Mastiff ages, cut down on the protein and feed a dry food appropriate for his age.

Points for Good Health

The English Mastiff is a very large dog that should not be allowed to get obese since he is prone to dysplasia. He needs protein throughout puppyhood and until he is about 8-10.

Games and Exercises

This is a couch potato if you let him be. Make sure he gets at least one long walk per day or he will tend to gain weight. Play with them off leash about an hour every day.

Characteristics

The Istrian Wire-haired Scenthound or Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic as he is also referred to is a strong, well built hound which is elegant in appearance.

He has a remarkably striking coat - bright white with orange markings. He has always been an excellent hunting dog, even to this day. This background hunting of his will require that he receives ongoing exercise as well as mental stimulation.

Treat this beautiful dog well - exercise him, groom him, feed him well and love him and you will be rewarded with the loyal and devoted friendship of an amazing dog.

Children friendliness

The English Mastiff is very happy to play with children. You willl need to be careful with small children as he does not know his size and is likely to sit on them.

Special talents

This lovable giant is noble and loyal. He will protect his family and he will be courageous about it.

Adaptability

This is a big dog but he doesnt live outside. You need a big yard and perhaps a big house. He may not adapt to an apartment.

Learning ability

The English Mastiff is smart and certainly trainable. He can be independent and stubborn at times but he has the ability to learn.

Comparison with other breeds

  1. Pharaoh Hound vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  2. Vizsla vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  3. Hungarian Vizsla vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  4. Redbone Coonhound vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  5. Norwegian Elkhound vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  6. Santal Hound vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  7. Podenco Canario vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  8. Podenco Andaluz vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  9. Podenco Galego vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  10. Kanni vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  11. Lithuanian Hound vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  12. Hungarian Hound vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  13. Hygenhund vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  14. Norrbottenspets vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  15. Polish Hound vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  16. Russian Harlequin Hound vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  17. Russian Hound vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  18. Sabueso Espanol vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  19. Schillerstovare vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  20. Schweizer Laufhund vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  21. Schweizer Niederlaufhund vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  22. Silken Windhound vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  23. Smalandsstovare vs Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic - Breed Comparison
  24. Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic vs Basset Hound - Breed Comparison
  25. Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic vs Basenji - Breed Comparison
  26. English Mastiff vs American Mastiff - Breed Comparison
  27. English Mastiff vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  28. English Mastiff vs Cao de Gado Transmontano - Breed Comparison
  29. English Mastiff vs Broholmer - Breed Comparison
  30. Neapolitan Mastiff vs English Mastiff - Breed Comparison
  31. Gaddi Kutta vs English Mastiff - Breed Comparison
  32. Nebolish Mastiff vs English Mastiff - Breed Comparison
  33. Great Dane vs English Mastiff - Breed Comparison
  34. English Mastiff vs Bernese Mountain Dog - Breed Comparison
  35. English Mastiff vs Anatolian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  36. English Mastiff vs Alaunt - Breed Comparison
  37. English Mastiff vs Bully Kutta - Breed Comparison
  38. English Mastiff vs Alangu Mastiff - Breed Comparison
  39. English Mastiff vs Billy - Breed Comparison
  40. English Mastiff vs Bisben - Breed Comparison
  41. English Mastiff vs American Staghound - Breed Comparison
  42. English Mastiff vs Ciobanesc de Bucovina - Breed Comparison
  43. Newfoundland Dog vs English Mastiff - Breed Comparison
  44. Leonberger vs English Mastiff - Breed Comparison
  45. Irish Wolfhound vs English Mastiff - Breed Comparison

Popular Dog Breeds