Brittany vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison | MyDogBreeds

Brittany vs Boykin SpanielBrittany is originated from France but Boykin Spaniel is originated from United States. Brittany may grow 6 cm / 3 inches higher than Boykin Spaniel. Both Brittany and Boykin Spaniel are having almost same weight. Brittany may live 3 years less than Boykin Spaniel. Brittany may have more litter size than Boykin Spaniel. Brittany requires Low maintenance. But Boykin Spaniel requires Moderate maintenance

Basic Information

Group:
Gun dog
Gun dog
Origin:
France
United States
Height Male:
43 - 52 cm
16 - 21 inches
39 - 46 cm
15 - 19 inches
Height Female:
40 - 50 cm
15 - 20 inches
36 - 44 cm
14 - 18 inches
Weight Male:
14 - 20 kg
30 - 45 pounds
14 - 18 kg
30 - 40 pounds
Weight Female:
12 - 18 kg
26 - 40 pounds
12 - 18 kg
26 - 40 pounds
Life Span:
12 - 13 Years
14 - 16 Years
Litter Size:
1 - 12
5 - 7
Size:
Medium dog
Medium dog
Other Names:
Brittany Spaniel Brittany Wiegref Epagneul Breton French Brittany
Swamp Poodle, Little Brown Dog
Colors Available:
tricolor, orange roan, liver roan, black roan
Chocolate Brown, Liver
Coat:
Flowing Medium length
Medium length, wavy or curly
Shedding:
Moderate
Moderate, Seasonal
Temperament:
Alert, Energetic, Friendly, Gentle, Intelligent, Loyal, Playful, Sweet
Affectionate, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Curious, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Responsive, Social
Grooming:
Low maintenance
Moderate maintenance
Trainability:
Moderate
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
No
No
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
Yes
Yes

History

brittanyOne of the most intense bird dog breeds in existence is the Brittany, bred for hunt. The breed used to be called the Brittany Spaniel, but since the breed is closer to a setter or pointer, that moniker has been dropped. The Brittany is named for the French Province in which they were originally developed. Sometime from the 17th to the 19th centuries, the breed was developed. Images of a very similar dog can be found on 17th century paintings and tapestries. However, the first written description comes from 1850 by a Reverend Davies, describing a hunting episode. The breed was recognized officially in the early part of the 20th century and made a splash at the 1900 Paris Dog Show.

The first official standards were written in about 1907 and the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1934.The Brittany is expected to point to and then retrieve birds and other small ground game. Because the Brittany both points and retrieves they are known in the U.K. as a Hunt, Point and Retrieve breed or an HPR, and they have more Dual Champions than the rest of the AKC Sporting group.

There are actually two types of Brittanys in the minds of many breeders. There is the “French” Brittany and the “American” Brittany. When the breed arrived in the United States in 1931 they became immensely popular in a short period of time. In 1942 American Breeders began the American Brittany Club, rewriting the French standard to fit the dog they knew. Today there are definitely difference between the two sub-sets that can easily be seen. The French dog is smaller than the American dog. The American dog is a runner pacing ahead of the hunter while the French dog works more closely with their human companions. Another visible difference is that the French accept black spotted Brittanys, while in the United States a black spotted coat is considered a fault. Both sub-sets are known for their willingness to follow human directions, their eagerness for the hunt, and their agility and speed.

Unfortunately, the European wars took their toll on this breed as they did on many others. Following the second World War, their numbers in Europe were drastically reduced. The French had stop breeding them altogether during the war. It was in this depleted gene pool that the French agreed to accept the black spotted Brittany. Along with the U.S., Canada also does not recognize the black spotted Brittany.

boykin spanielThe Boykin Spaniel was originally bred by South Carolina hunters as the perfect dog for hunting wild bird during the early 1900s. Alexander White of Spartanburg found a short, well built dog and named him Dumpy. The dog was given to a certain L. Whitaker Boykin and a similar dog in looks was found and mated with Dumpy on Boykin’s Pine Grove plantation. Whitaker Boykin was particularly looking for a special kind of hunting dog breed that could wade into swamplands and into water.

Boykin’s spaniels were popular in South Carolina before World War II and later, in 1977, the Boykin Spaniel Society was founded to ensure the breeding standards of the dog. In 1985, the Boykin Spaniel was declared the state dog of South Carolina and recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2009.

Description

brittany puppyThe Brittany is much like other hunting dogs – pointers and retrievers – in size and stature. He is solid and strong but not heavy. He is compact with an average size head and floppy ears, docked tails or short natural tails, and expressively intelligent looking eyes. He is athletic, energetic, and alert. He has a long, elastic and free gait. The French dog is smaller and the dog with black spots is accepted. The American Brittany is larger and only a tri-color of orange, liver and white is acceptable.

The Boykin’s Looks:

boykin spaniel puppyYou can’t miss the medium-sized Boykin Spaniel with his magnificent coat in different shades of brown. When he gleams in the sun he looks like chocolate. This type of Spaniel is a bit bigger than the English Cocker Spaniel, but he is heavier, weighing between 13 to 18kg. He has large, floppy feathery ears and the tail has always been docked to give him that distinct look, but now with rules and regulations, the tail is often left so that it is long and feathery. The height of this dog at the withers is 39 to 43cm.

The length of the dog’s coat varies somewhat because of the different breeds from the past. Essentially the coat is medium length and wavy to curly with light feathering around the legs, ears, chest and stomach.

Temperament:

The Boykin Spaniel is social and he makes an excellent family pet. He is good around children and other dogs, and with training and socialization he becomes even more amicable and obedient.

Health Problems

brittany dogThe breed is a hardy one and Brittanys are mostly healthy dogs. In Europe 1 in 5 dogs dies of old age and that age is usually 14 or 15 years. They do have a few issues that they may be susceptible to. These would include:

Ears – prone to infections

Hip Dysplasia – bones don’t fit well into joints

Epilepsy – mild or serious seizures are possible.

Hypothyroidism – Low levels of thyroid hormone

Canine Discoid Lupus Erythematosus – autoimmune disease

boykin spaniel dogThe Boykin Spaniel is a healthy breed with a life span of 14 to 16 years. There are some diseases that you want to be aware of with your Boykin Spaniel.

Hip Dysplasia:

Always be aware of Hip Dysplasia as it can reduce your pet’s quality of life.. In dogs with hip dysplasia, the hip joint doesn’t to develop properly and deterioration sets in and your pet can lose function of the joint. You’ll notice your pet battling to stand up after lying down. The frightening this is that some dogs begin to show signs of hip dysplasia as early as 4 months of age.

Most Common Health Problems:

The Boykin Spaniel’s most common health problems apart from hip dysplasia are patellar luxation and juvenile cataracts.

Caring The Pet

Feeding

brittany puppiesDon’t overfeed your Brittany. Keep him at hunting weight by feeding a half a cup up to 2 cups per day depending on the size of your dog and activity levels. Serve this in two meals not one.

Health issues

Ears – prone to infections – make sure that you check them and wipe them out routinely to prevent infections.

Hip Dysplasia – bones don’t fit well into joints – this can be genetic or otherwise, causing lameness and arthritis. If severe it can require surgery to correct.

Epilepsy – mild or serious seizures are possible. This can be genetic/hereditary but is set off by an infectious disease of the brain, head injury, poison, tumor, or metabolic disorder. There is no cure, but medication can be very effective.

Hypothyroidism – Low levels of thyroid hormone – can cause drooping eyelids, obesity, lethargy, mental difficulties or irregular heat cycles or all of this. Medication is available as it is for humans but must be taken daily for the rest of the dog’s life

Canine Discoid Lupus Erythematosus – autoimmune disease that is rare in dogs. Cats and humans can also have it. It is a skin disease and does not become the more serious and deadly Systemic Lupus. The Discoid version of this disease causes loss of pigmentation and a scaling on the nose which can then progress to the skin around the ears, eyes and genitals. There could be ulcerated lesions and tissue death in more severe cases. Sun exposure can make the condition worse.

Exercise and games

The Brittany is a hunting dog that acts like a pointer but will retrieve fowl and birds in the water or on land. If you don’t hunt, the Brittany can still be your family dog. They need lots of exercise and mental stimulation. They need a job if they are not going to hunt and expect them to be distracted by every bird they see. Try flyball, agility, FAST CAT, field trials and dock diving. They are very task oriented and have boundless energy. They excel at obedience and confirmation as well.

Exercise:

boykin spaniel puppiesThe Boykin Spaniel has been a gun dog and because he is energetic, he will need plenty of exercise and activities. Take him for walks or allow him to swim in the farm dam if you live in the country. He isn’t a dog to leave on his own in your backyard as he needs exercise as well as mental stimulation to keep him from becoming frustrated and developing destructive habits.

Grooming:

The Boykin’s hair will need to be brushed as least twice a week to prevent it from matting, particularly if he is a country-living dog, in and out of water and running through long grass. He is not a heavy shedder but his shedding is seasonal. As a long eared dog, he will need to have his ears checked to prevent infection.

Other grooming habits to get used to with your Boykin Spaniel are having his nails trimmed and brushing his teeth at least 2 or 3 times a week with special dog toothpaste and brush.

Diet

Boykin Spaniel owners who know the breed well say that there is nothing better than feeding your dog raw meat with vegetables and rice. Of course, not everyone can afford to feed their pets raw meat every day, and that’s alright. Just make sure that every now and then you include raw meat into your pet’s diet.

The very best commercially produced dog foods can also be good for your pet. If in doubt, speak to your veterinarian about the best food for your active, energetic pet. Never, ever deprive your pet of fresh, cool water throughout the day and night.

Characteristics

brittany dogsThe Brittany is particularly trainable and friendly. They love to play and are sweet-natured. They don’t due well with harsh correction though and a stern look will cause them to wither. Socialize them young or they can become shy around strangers. They are loyal and family oriented. They can easily become attached to their humans.

boykin spaniel dogsThe Boykin Spaniel is a diverse breed. The characteristics of the dog aren’t set in stone. He is a hunting dogs with boundless energy and enthusiasm. He is an intelligent breed and responds well to training and is obedient to your commands. He is all about fun and excitement and he is guaranteed to make a splendid companion.

Active and social, he is going to need input from his owners in terms of exercise and mental stimulation. He isn’t a dog to just ignore and in exchange for love and care, he is going to be a loving, loyal and fun companion for you.

Comparison with other breeds

  1. English Springer Spaniel vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  2. Brittany vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  3. English Setter vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  4. French Brittany vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  5. Boykin Spaniel vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  6. Boykin Spaniel vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  7. Boykin Spaniel vs Barbet - Breed Comparison
  8. Boykin Spaniel vs Blue Picardy Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  9. Pudelpointer vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  10. Picardy Spaniel vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  11. Braque d'Auvergne vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  12. Ariege Pointer vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  13. Pont-Audemer Spaniel vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  14. Irish Water Spaniel vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  15. Canadian Pointer vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  16. Deutsch Drahthaar vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  17. Clumber Spaniel vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  18. Stabyhoun vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  19. Styrian Coarse Haired Hound vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  20. Vizsla vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  21. Large Munsterlander vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  22. Tyrolean Hound vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  23. Cockalier vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  24. Braque du Bourbonnais vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  25. Cesky Fousek vs Boykin Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  26. English Springer Spaniel vs Brittany - Breed Comparison
  27. Brittany vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  28. Brittany vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  29. Brittany vs Braque d'Auvergne - Breed Comparison
  30. Brittany vs Barbet - Breed Comparison
  31. Brittany vs Blue Picardy Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  32. Brittany vs Canadian Pointer - Breed Comparison
  33. English Setter vs Brittany - Breed Comparison
  34. French Brittany vs Brittany - Breed Comparison
  35. Pudelpointer vs Brittany - Breed Comparison
  36. Picardy Spaniel vs Brittany - Breed Comparison
  37. Ariege Pointer vs Brittany - Breed Comparison
  38. Pont-Audemer Spaniel vs Brittany - Breed Comparison
  39. Irish Water Spaniel vs Brittany - Breed Comparison
  40. Deutsch Drahthaar vs Brittany - Breed Comparison
  41. Clumber Spaniel vs Brittany - Breed Comparison
  42. Stabyhoun vs Brittany - Breed Comparison
  43. Styrian Coarse Haired Hound vs Brittany - Breed Comparison
  44. Vizsla vs Brittany - Breed Comparison
  45. Large Munsterlander vs Brittany - Breed Comparison
  46. Tyrolean Hound vs Brittany - Breed Comparison
  47. Cockalier vs Brittany - Breed Comparison
  48. Braque du Bourbonnais vs Brittany - Breed Comparison
  49. Cesky Fousek vs Brittany - Breed Comparison

Popular Dog Breeds