Cairn Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison

Cairn Terrier vs Boston TerrierCairn Terrier is originated from United Kingdom but Boston Terrier is originated from United States. Cairn Terrier may grow 10 cm / 3 inches shorter than Boston Terrier. Both Cairn Terrier and Boston Terrier are having almost same weight. Both Cairn Terrier and Boston Terrier has almost same life span. Cairn Terrier may have more litter size than Boston Terrier. Both Cairn Terrier and Boston Terrier requires Low maintenance.

Basic Information

Group:
Terrier dog
Terrier dog
Origin:
United Kingdom
United States
Height Male:
25 - 33 cm
9 - 13 inches
38 - 43 cm
14 - 17 inches
Height Female:
23 - 33 cm
9 - 13 inches
36 - 41 cm
14 - 17 inches
Weight Male:
5 - 8 kg
11 - 18 pounds
7 - 11 kg
15 - 25 pounds
Weight Female:
5 - 8 kg
11 - 18 pounds
5 - 11 kg
11 - 25 pounds
Life Span:
12 - 15 Years
11 - 13 Years
Litter Size:
2 - 10
1 - 6
Size:
Small dog
Small dog
Other Names:
Cairn, Toto Dog
Boston Bull, Boston Bull Terrier, American Gentlemen
Colors Available:
Black, Brindle, Cream, Wheaten, Red, Grey
Brindle with white markings, Brown and white or black and white.
Coat:
Medium length and wiry
Short and smooth
Shedding:
Minimal
Minimal
Temperament:
Affectionate, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Curious, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Responsive, Social, Stubborn, Territorial
Affectionate, Alert, Cheerful, Curious, Energetic, Friendly, Gentle, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Quiet, Responsive, Social, Sweet
Grooming:
Low maintenance
Low maintenance
Trainability:
Easy
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
Yes
No
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
Yes
Yes

History

cairn terrierThe Cairn Terrier originates in the Scottish Highlands. This feisty little dog was given the name Cairn, as he used to hunt prey between the Scottish cairns. At first the dog was grouped as a ‘Skye Terrier’way back in the 1900s with the Scottish and West Highland White Terrier. Then the different breeds began to be bred separately.

The name Cairn Terrier didn’t appear in print till 1887. It was in 1912 that the Kennel Club of the United Kingdom recognized the Cairn Terrier.

boston terrierNicknamed the American Gentleman, the Boston Terrier is the result of crossing the British Bulldog with the white English Terrier. At first the Boston Terrier was bred to be a fighting dog, but since then, undesirable characteristics have been bred out and today the Boston Terrier is regarded as an indoor dog that doesn’t tolerate extreme weather conditions.

The breed emerged in the 1870s when Robert Hooper from Boston bought a dog thought to be a mix of a Terrier and Bull type lineage. A specialist breed club was formed in 1891 and in 1979 the commonwealth of Massachusetts named the Boston Terrier the Official State Dog. By the 20th century, the breed’s color and patterns were standard and an essential feature.

Description

Temperament:

cairn terrier puppyThe small sturdily built working Terrier is intelligent and courageous. Bright-eyed, he is small and active and he just loves to work- and party hard with his human family. You’ll see if you’ve got a ball you want to throw for him, his tail is quivering in anticipation and his ears are erect and alert to any noise. He is smart, independent and courageous.

Coat of Many Colors:

The Cairn Terrier has a tough, weather-resistant coat that can be any color but not white. He has a waterproof double coat – the outer one being wiry while the undercoat is soft. You’ll find the coat in man colours such as grey, black, red and brindle with dark points on the ears and muzzle.

The interesting thing with a Cairn is that when you get a puppy, you can’t be sure what color he will end up being as it changes over the years. The ears are fox-like, small and erect, and the natural medium-to-short tail is held straight out.

boston terrier puppyThe Boston Terrier is a lively, strong-willed breed with an alert expression and fairly large, erect ears. He is a small to medium sized dog and his square muzzle puts him among the Bull breeds. The dog is compact in build and varies quite significantly in size. Weight with the dog is actually divided into 3 categories – lightweight (under 6.8kg), middleweight (up to 9kg) and the heavyweights being between 9.1kg and up to 11.4kg. The Boston has a short head and a naturally short, low-set tail. The coat is short and smooth, and the colour can be brindle with white markings, brown and white or black and white.

It’s the energetic liveliness of the Boston Terrier that makes him such a lovable and popular pet. He has an affectionate, gentle nature that makes him a fantastic family pet and he gets on well with children and pets in the home. He can adapt to city or country life. One or two interesting facts of this breed are -

with his short nose, he is prone to drool and snore

he is prone to corneal ulcers because of his large, somewhat protruding eyes

with a small pelvis, the females often battle with the birthing process and may require a caesarean section.

Health Problems

cairn terrier dogThe Cairn Terrier is a robust little dog, and with good care can reach 14 years of age and even older. However, with every dog breed there are some health concerns particular to that breed. With your Cairn Terrier look out for a disease known as Globoid cell leukodystrophy (GCL).

Globoid cell leukodystrophy (GCL)

Known also as Krabbe Disease, Globoid cell leukodystrophy (GLD) is a rare but fatal disease. It is caused by a mutation on the dog’s DNA. There is abnormal processing of an enzyme needed for the production of myelin, a substance that protects the nerves in the brain and spinal cord. The dog is weak, it has tremors and isn’t co-ordinated. The Cairn Terrier is a breed of dog more susceptible to GCL.

Bone and joint diseases

Your Cairn Terrier may well suffer with joint diseases. These diseases, such as luxating patella which is about loose knee joints, and hip dysplasia which is a degenerative hip disease, can cause plenty of pain and discomfort for your pet.

Eye Diseases

Glaucoma is an eye disease where there is pressure on the eye, causing inadequate fluid drainage. Without treatment, there can be damage to the optic nerve which can lead to blindness.

boston terrier dogBoston Terriers are generally healthy, feisty little dogs but it is always wise to know that you may well come across some health conditions that can affect your pet.

Eye Problems

Your Boston may well have to contend with cataracts, and in the dog world, this isn’t only an ailment for old dogs. Juvenile cataracts can develop in young puppies already. Cherry Eye is another eye problem with a prolapse of the gland of the third eyelid. It is also an eye disease than can be found in young dog of less than a year old.

Deafness

Boston Terriers actually have a fairly high incidence of deafness in one or both ears. White Bostons tend to produce more puppies with deafness.

Brachycephalic Syndrome

The Boston Terrier is a brachycephalic dog and therefore more predisposed to Brachyphalic Syndrome where the dog battles to breathe because of too much soft tissue which forms in the airways.

To avoid many dog diseases with your Boston, buy your puppy from a reputable dog breeder who screens dogs used in a breeding program as this prevents puppies inheriting genetic disorders.

Caring The Pet

Grooming:

cairn terrier puppiesThe Cairn Terrier sheds very little and the coat is easy to groom. Give him a thorough brushing twice a week to rid him of loose hairs. Some trimming will be needed as the coat can become shaggy and unruly.

Brush his teeth at least 2 or 3 times a week to prevent tartar build up that can lead to bacteria, gum disease and possible tooth loss.

Diet:

The Cairn Terrier is small but he is an active dog and therefore needs to be on a high-quality dog food. If you feed him a commercially manufactured food, make sure its appropriate to his age, size and activity levels.

He is a small dog so you want to be careful about not letting him become overweight. Try and alternate his commercially manufactured food with some home-made rice, vegetables and meat and also include some raw meat in from time to time. This is of particular importance as chronic skin allergies are common in all terrier breeds. Make sure that there is always a clean bowl of fresh water available to him day and night.

Exercise

boston terrier puppiesThe Boston Terrier is a lively dog, and even though he doesn't have any extreme exercise requirements, he will still require you exercising him by taking him on walks, or having ball games with him. As an essentially indoor dog, he can even enjoy some quieter indoor games.

Feeding

You’ll be able to gauge how much your pet requires in terms of high quality food, but by the time he is an adult, he usually has one or two bowls of food a day. Size and age play an important role in determining his eating habits. Home made foods made up of rice, meat and vegetables are always welcome for your pet and these can be added into his top quality commercially produced dog food. For a healthy dog who is free of skin problems include some raw meat in the diet from time to time. Always make sure that there is a bowl of fresh, cool water which is available 24/7.

Grooming

With his short coat, the Boston Terrier isn’t a heavy shedder and is low maintenance in terms of keeping his coat groomed. Brush him at least twice a week to remove loose hairs and to also prevent flea and tick infestations. Brush his teeth 2 or 3 times a week to ensure no plaque build-up which can damage the teeth. Never use human toothpaste, but invest in special toothpaste and -brush for dogs. If he is essentially an indoor dog, you may have to get the vet to trim his nails too.

Characteristics

cairn terrier dogsThe Cairn Terrier is a fearless, jaunty little dog, known for his courageous spirit and inquisitive nature. He may be small, but he is stubborn. He will respond well to training and socialization which will turn him into the most awesome pet for families. He can make a wonderful friend and playmate for children too. Socialization and training ensures he gets on well with other pets in the household too.

He is small and energetic, and therefore not the kind of dog you can ignore in terms of exercise. He’ll need a good walk every day and he just loves to chase a ball as it takes him back to the days when he was used to chasing- and catching mice.

He isn’t your typical lap-dog at all and with the right care he becomes a devoted, loyal and loving companion.

boston terrier dogsThe Boston Terrier is such a sweet little dog, but you can’t really say what your puppy’s personality will be as personality varies quite a bit between individual Boston’s. Remember that just like with a human child, your puppy will turn out with characteristics that can be attributed to the way he was raised. The Boston just loves his human family and he wants to be part of all your activities, even though he may gravitate towards one favorite family member.

Your Boston can be your Best Friend

Your Boston is a Terrier and that means he is full of life and will require being exercised by you. He can’t just be left outdoors day after day because this is one particular breed that can’t adapt to changing weather conditions. He likes being inside where the temperature is more even. Look after your Boston, because if you do, you’ll be rewarded by having one of the best friends you’ve ever had.

Comparison with other breeds

  1. Jack Russell Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  2. Miniature Schnauzer vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  3. Cairn Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  4. Cairn Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  5. Cairn Terrier vs Border Terrier - Breed Comparison
  6. Cairn Terrier vs Australian Terrier - Breed Comparison
  7. Cairn Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  8. Cairn Terrier vs Bull Terrier Miniature - Breed Comparison
  9. Cairn Terrier vs Black and Tan Terrier - Breed Comparison
  10. Cairn Terrier vs Cairland Terrier - Breed Comparison
  11. Rat Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  12. Scottish Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  13. Patterdale Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  14. Norwich Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  15. Norfolk Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  16. English White Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  17. Parson Russell Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  18. Russell Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  19. Feist vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  20. Manchester Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  21. Dandie Dinmont Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  22. Miniature Fox Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  23. Cesky Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  24. Glen of Imaal Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  25. Schnorkie vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  26. Boston Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  27. Boston Terrier vs Border Terrier - Breed Comparison
  28. Boston Terrier vs Australian Terrier - Breed Comparison
  29. Boston Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  30. Jack Russell Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  31. Miniature Schnauzer vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  32. Rat Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  33. Scottish Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  34. Patterdale Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  35. Bull Terrier Miniature vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  36. Norwich Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  37. Norfolk Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  38. English White Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  39. Parson Russell Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  40. Russell Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  41. Feist vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  42. Manchester Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  43. Dandie Dinmont Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  44. Miniature Fox Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  45. Cesky Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  46. Glen of Imaal Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  47. Schnorkie vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  48. Sealyham Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  49. Chilean Fox Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison

View/Compare Breeds

Popular Dog Breeds