Caucasian Shepherd vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison

Caucasian Shepherd is originated from Russia but American Molossus is originated from United States. Caucasian Shepherd may grow 9 cm / 4 inches higher than American Molossus. Caucasian Shepherd may weigh 52 kg / 115 pounds more than American Molossus. Both Caucasian Shepherd and American Molossus has almost same life span. Both Caucasian Shepherd and American Molossus has almost same litter size. Both Caucasian Shepherd and American Molossus requires Moderate maintenance.

Basic Information

Group:
Molosser dogs
Molosser dogs
Origin:
Russia
United States
Height Male:
70 - 75 cm
27 - 30 inches
56 - 66 cm
22 - 26 inches
Height Female:
67 - 72 cm
26 - 29 inches
51 - 60 cm
20 - 24 inches
Weight Male:
50 - 100 kg
110 - 221 pounds
38 - 48 kg
83 - 106 pounds
Weight Female:
45 - 90 kg
99 - 199 pounds
32 - 43 kg
70 - 95 pounds
Life Span:
10 - 12 Years
10 - 14 Years
Litter Size:
5 - 10
6 - 8
Size:
Large dog
Giant dog
Other Names:
Caucasian Ovcharka, Caucasian Mountain Dog
American Molosser • American Brabanter • American Bullenbeisser
Colors Available:
Fawn, brownish to dark grey, black - bi-colored
Colors are black, black brindle with some white
Coat:
Long haired, dense
coat type coarse, dense, smooth and long
Shedding:
Moderate
Minimal
Temperament:
Affectionate, Aggressive, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Curious, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Responsive, Social, Stubborn, Territorial
Alert, Courageous, Independent, Intelligent, Loving, Loyal, Protective, Quiet, Territorial
Grooming:
Moderate maintenance
Moderate maintenance
Trainability:
Moderate
Moderate
Hypoallergenic:
No
No
Kids Friendly:
No
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
No
No

History

caucasian shepherdThis working dog is more than 2 000 years old, hailing from the Caucasus Mountains near the Georgian Republic, Russia.

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is an ancient breed, always having been used to guard livestock in the mountains. Some believe they came from domesticated wolves, while others believe their ancestry includes Mastiffs and other breeds.

It was in the 1960s that the dog was used in Germany for patrol along the Berlin Wall. This dog is also known as the Caucasian Ovcharka and he is large and powerful, always being ready to take on anyone who threatens him or the livestock he is guarding.

His origins can be traced far back and eventually the dog found its ways to the USA where dog clubs were formed.The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is one of the oldest Molosser breeds, and today they are mostly appreciated for being wonderful family companions and watchdogs.

Based on the massive dog of Mesopotamia in 5000 BC, the American Molossus is the same dog recreated in the United States by and for the lovers of these giant dogs. The ancient Molossus was fierce to look at, massive in size, courageous and loyal. He was undaunted by any animal and stood up to any man attempting to hurt his master. When Rome fell the descendants of today’s Molossus were scattered and attempts to revive the breed have created carious large dogs. The American Molossus is the first true recreation that hits the mark.

The original Molossus was one of the most primitive of dogs, one of the earliest dogs that men domesticated. Their initials duties were the guarding of herds and homes against all enemies. They were incredibly loyal to their one master and stayed with him and protected him. These dogs also ate carrion and served the villages by eliminating animal carcasses. They could handle any other hunting animals such as wolves and large cats. This dog, although extinct was the ancestor of all the Mastiff-type dogs of today. The Molossus is said to be the ancestor of the St. Bernard, English Mastiff, Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, Bernese Mountain Dog, Newfoundland, Great Dane, Great Pyrenees, Rottweiler, Rottweiler and the Neapolitan Mastiff. Now these breeds have become the ancestry of the American Molossus.

According to Marcus Curtis, the founder of the new Molossus, the nearest relative of the American Molossus is the Neapolitan Mastiff. The Hines Bulldog, German Rottweiler, American Bandogge, and South African Boerboel together with the Neapolitan Mastiff were used to form the American Molossus. The goal of the founder was to make a great family pet and protector. It was specifically bred to be courageous, loyal and protective.

Description

caucasian shepherd puppyThe Caucasian Shepherd is a large, impressive looking dog standing at between 64 – 75cm in height and weighing between 45 – 70 kg. He has an almost bear-like appearance. His coat can be shortish or even fairly long, and in different colors such as white, tan, brindle, grey and cream with a black mask.

The puppies are born black and then lighten as they grow up. He has a large head with the muzzle being smaller than the skull, narrowing slightly. The nose is black and the ears are set high and are floppy with dark eyes. The tail is set high and is long.

Temperament:

The Caucasian Shepherd is an intelligent breed but he must be properly trained and socialized as he can be stubborn and want to go his own way.

He is a balanced dog and he won’t deliberately hurt whom he regards as family, but he shows distrust towards strangers. While socialization and training relax and calm a dog, the Caucasian Shepherd isn’t regarded as the best dog to have with children around. This is because he comes from a lineage of guard dogs, bred to fight and guard.

He is a dog breed that will require a firm, strong owner and if you don’t have a lot of time on your hands, the Caucasian can be difficult to manage and perhaps isn’t the best choice for a first-time dog owner.

This is a giant, massive dog in every way and this recently developed standard makes that very clear. The Molossus should be heavy bones, muscular with a lot of loose skin and wrinkles of all kinds, everywhere. He is an intimidating presence, with a massive square head, broad shoulders, height and mass. No, the American Molossus is not athletic, but he certainly is intimidating.

His head is massive in comparison to his body and it must be square. He has extensive wrinkles and pendulous lips and dewlap. The face is all folds of skin and wrinkles. Deep set eyes, drooping upper lids and lower lids as well as an intimidating expression. His brow is well developed with a marked frontal furrow. The nose is large, and the muzzle is about a third of the length of its head. It is short and broad. Everything about the head must be square. It’s neck and body are powerful and muscular. The chest is deep, wide and barrel like. The back is also powerful and muscular. The front legs are heavy and muscular while the hind legs are broad, strong, powerful and wide-stance. Do not remove the front dew claws. His tail is thick and wide then gradually tapers at the tip.

Health Problems

caucasian shepherd dogLike all breeds there may be some health issues, even though the Caucasian Shepherd is generally a healthy dog. There are some common illnesses that every dog can get and which every responsible dog owner should be aware of -

Diarrhea:

One or two episodes of diarrhea isn’t an emergency, but ongoing diarrhea can lead to dehydration. If your dog is vomiting, he is lethargic and constantly emptying his bowels, see your vet if the diarrhea persists.

Parasites:

Parasites such as fleas and ticks and even internal parasites such as intestinal worms can drain the life from your pet. It is wise to find out about different parasites so that you can protect your dog. Find out what your vet’s treatment options are for parasites.

Like all Mastiffs the American Molossus faces a variety of potential illnesses, some brought on by its size, some not.

Spondylosis

This could easily be a function of its massive size. It is a degenerative disease and can cause the dog to become lame. In many cases the vertebrae can fuse, or severe pain can result. This is mostly seen in older members of the breed.

Cystinuria

Male Molossus can contract this inherited metabolic disease primarily. It can be life threatening and very serious as it affects the kidney and the bladder.

Wobblers Syndrome

This is essentially Cervical Vertebral Instability (CVI) and is caused by the pressure of the nerves in the neck and cervical spinal cord. This compression can cause deformity, pain and abnormal stance/gait. IT has been attributed to the nutrition needs and rapid growth of the Mastiff breeds.

Like all giant Mastiff breeds the Molossus can have skin issues from the wrinkles, dysplasia in the joints which we will address below.

Caring The Pet

caucasian shepherd puppiesThe Caucasian Shepherd Dog has a thick double coat that will certainly require brushing twice a week. The coat comes in different lengths – short, medium and long. The hair is mostly long and the long tail is also feathery. The best way to groom your large, furry pet is to invest in some good grooming tools such as a good brush to keep your pet’s hair in tip-top condition.

His nails will need to be trimmed regularly, his ears will also need to be checked to avoid wax build-up and the accumulation of grime. This can lead to an ear infection. His teeth should be brushed 2 or 3 times a week with special dog toothbrush and toothpaste.

Exercise:

The Caucasian Shepherd isn’t going to do well in a small home with tiny garden in the city. He is a big dog that will require a large yard even though he is a fairly low-energy dog. He will be suited to a family that is active, that will take him on daily walks, hikes and include some ball games.

Diet:

You will need to change your Caucasian Shepherd Dog’s food as he goes through the different phases of his life, from puppy to adulthood. Speak to your veterinarian about a commercially produced dog food is you’re unable to give him home-made food. These foods are available in breed-specific and age-specific formulas.

Reputable breeders will also help you ensure that you know how to start feeding your puppy. Caucasian Shepherds are a large breed and apart from their kibble, you’ll want to include rice, vegetables and cooked chicken from time to time in his kibble and also include raw meat occasionally.

If you're unsure, ask your veterinarian or breeder about the best diet to ensure his longevity. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.

Feeding

Remembering that this is a very, very large dog you need to be careful about nutrition and how fast your puppy will grow. American Molossus puppies need four meals a day until 12 weeks old. Then until they are 6 months old feed then 3 times a day. Finally, from 6-month-old puppy to adult – feed them twice in 24 hours.

At one year either feed them once or two small meals.

Many people feed their Molossus eggs, vegetables, fruit, and cottage cheese as ten 5 of the total for the day but avoid other table foods. The Molossus can become very picky about what he eats if you feed him too many table scraps.

Health issues

In addition to the health problems listed above, the American Molossus is also susceptible to: Ditichiasis – Eyelashes that are in the margin of the eyelids and can cause eye irritation. May require surgery to correct.

Cataract

Could cause blindness if not removed. Ectropian/Entropion: Eversion and inversion of eyelids which cause ocular irritation.

PRA or Progressive Retinal Atrophy

This is a degenerative disease which causes the dog to go blind. It is a disease the affects the retinal visual cells, first causing night blindness then day blindness. A DNA test is available for detecting PRA in all Mastiff breeds.

Dysplasia of the Elbow or/and the Hip

Common in large breeds and especially in giant breeds like the Molossus. Multiple forms and causes but all can cause pain and lameness.

Skin issues

Do to wrinkles and loose skin – check often for moisture and infections.

Panosteitis or Wandering Lameness

The is a problem based on a variety of possible causes. It happens when the puppy is between 6-16 months of age. Lameness occurs over time in one limb or in all. It can be intermittent and might be caused by diet, genetics, stress, autoimmune or metabolic issues or infection.

HOD or Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy

This issue is developmental as the dog’s toes turn either inward or outward, then as the condition advances the dog suffers fever, pain in all joints, lethargy and the inability to stand. This happens when the dog consumes too many calories for his activity level in the development times.

Exercise and games

The American Molossus is not a couch potato. He needs to be walked at least twice a day and loves to play fetch. He will be greatly benefited by obedience training. Do not overdo it with exercise but make sure they don’t just lay around.

Characteristics

caucasian shepherd dogsLoyal, strong, and brave, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog does an excellent job protecting his human family. He is a territorial dog and in the past he has always been ready to take on wolves and bear to protect his sheep. He isn't the best choice for first time dog-owners and where there are small children in the home.

He will do well to be trained and socialized as he becomes an obedient, patient, gentle, loving pet that becomes an excellent companion and protector.

The American Molossus is an intimidating massive giant bred for protection and guard duty. He is incredibly loyal to his family and courageous in his protection of them. They are guard dogs, not attack dogs. Their simple appearance is usually enough to frighten off anyone intending harm on their families. He is in reality a loving giant. He is intelligent and stable with a strong desire to please his owner. He is a calm yet vigilant presence in the home.

Because the Molossus is so large, it is recommended that the puppy be socialized and trained professionally. It takes a strong owner to handle this breed. They need to know the rules and have the rules consistently applied. The owner must be the pack leader.

Comparison with other breeds

  1. Dogue De Bordeaux vs Caucasian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  2. Perro de Presa Canario vs Caucasian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  3. Caucasian Shepherd vs Cane Corso - Breed Comparison
  4. Caucasian Shepherd vs Bakharwal Dog - Breed Comparison
  5. Caucasian Shepherd vs Cabecudo Boiadeiro - Breed Comparison
  6. Caucasian Shepherd vs Canis Panther - Breed Comparison
  7. Caucasian Shepherd vs Cao de Castro Laboreiro - Breed Comparison
  8. Caucasian Shepherd vs Cao de Fila da Terceira - Breed Comparison
  9. Dogo Guatemalteco vs Caucasian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  10. Molossus vs Caucasian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  11. Danish Broholmer vs Caucasian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  12. Sage Koochee vs Caucasian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  13. Cordoba Fighting Dog vs Caucasian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  14. Perro Cimarron vs Caucasian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  15. Perro de Toro vs Caucasian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  16. Gran Mastin de Borinquen vs Caucasian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  17. Korean Mastiff vs Caucasian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  18. Samoyed vs Caucasian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  19. Labradoodle vs Caucasian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  20. Mixed vs Caucasian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  21. German Shorthaired Pointer vs Caucasian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  22. Great Pyrenees vs Caucasian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  23. Old English Sheepdog vs Caucasian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  24. Presa Canario vs Caucasian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  25. English Mastiff vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  26. Neapolitan Mastiff vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  27. American Mastiff vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  28. Gaddi Kutta vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  29. Nebolish Mastiff vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  30. Cao de Gado Transmontano vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  31. Broholmer vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  32. Great Dane vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  33. Bernese Mountain Dog vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  34. Newfoundland Dog vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  35. Anatolian Shepherd vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  36. Leonberger vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  37. Alaunt vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  38. Bully Kutta vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  39. Irish Wolfhound vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  40. Alangu Mastiff vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  41. Francais Blanc et Orange vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  42. Mountain Burmese vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  43. Billy vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  44. Pyrenean Mastiff vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison
  45. Bisben vs American Molossus - Breed Comparison

Popular Dog Breeds