Chow Chow vs Briard - Breed Comparison
Briard is originated from France but Chow Chow is originated from China. Briard may grow 18 cm / 8 inches higher than Chow Chow. Briard may weigh 8 kg / 18 pounds more than Chow Chow. Both Briard and Chow Chow has almost same life span. Both Briard and Chow Chow has almost same litter size. Both Briard and Chow Chow requires High Maintenance.
Through myth and legend, the Briard is thought to be a very ancient dog. A French herding breed, a Briard type of dog appears in writings as early as the end of the 14th century. According to legends the Briard was owned by Napoleon, Charlemagne, Lafayette and Thomas Jefferson. As a cross between the Barbet and the Beauceron, the Briard came into popularity following its appearance in a Paris dog show in 1863. Bred originally to guard and herd sheep, these intelligent, independent dogs were often left on their own. Because they both guarded and herded, their size and structure as well as their personalities were different from other dogs that worked sheep. Those that herded only were fast, agile and smaller. Those that only guarded were heavier, bigger and stronger. The Briard was in-between these two types of breeds. He was well suited to any kind of farm work and guarded the crops from the sheep’s desire to eat them. They moved the sheep from one grazing area to another and then to their holding area at night. No humans had to assist the Briard in this work once they were trained.
During World War 1, the Briards were drafted into service as messengers, sentries and search dogs for lost or injured soldiers. In that time frame the breed served almost to the point of extinction. Breeding programs following the war brought them back. Today the Briard is a home companion, a police dog, as well as both military and civilian search and rescue dogs.
Northern China is the original home of the Chow Chow. In that region of China, the breed was known as the Songshi Quan – “the puffy-lion” dog. They have also been known in China as the “Dog of the Tang Empire” or the Tang Quan. The Chow is believed to be an ancient breed that the Foo Dog, or stone dog guardians of Buddhist palaces and temples, is modeled after. It is one of the most ancient of dog breeds that are still around today.
It is believed that they have existed for around 2000 years or perhaps even as far back as 3000 years, starting out in Mongolia and migrating to China. The ancientness of the Chow Chow has been validated through DNA testing. In China all those centuries ago, the Chow Chow was born to be a working dog. They hunted, herded, guarded and pulled carts. They went on quests with the Mongolian armies when China was invaded, as well as when the Mongolians invaded the Middle East and Europe later on.
Today’s Canadian Kennel Club has about 350 Chows registered while the AKC gets 10,000 new registrations every year.
The Briard is a powerful, intelligent and independent working dog. They have a straight topline and their height is almost the same as their length. They have long, large, rectangular heads with wide muzzles. Their noses are also square and jet black while their side set, large eyes can be black-brown or black. Their ears have traditionally been cropped but with more countries outlawing it, they can now have natural ears set high on the head. They have a tail that is feathered and low-cut. The feet of a Briard are round, compact and large.
The Briard is a double coated breed with a long beard and mustache. Their hair completely covers the head and the eyes so that they are not seen. They have prominent eyebrows as well.
The Chow really does look like a small lion with a black tongue. The dog is sturdy and square with erect, small ears on a broad skull. They have a very dense double coat. Their eyes are deep set and look like almonds, while they all have that very distinctive purple or black tongue. Their lips are also distinctive with their blue color. The nose is black, but some Chows might have a blue nose. The tail is curly.
These are medium size dogs when it comes to height and weight, but they are powerfully built for their size. Their power is in their compact body holding the energy and strength of a much larger dog. Its hind legs are almost entirely straight, unusual for any dog. They get their lion appearance from the huge ruff that stands behind their heads. Their chest is broad and deep.
Being a large breed, the Briard shares many of the same health concerns as other large breeds. They have a few of their own as well. Typical issues for a Briard might include:
Hip and Elbow Dysplasia – bones don’t fit into joints.
Stationary Night Blindness – Congenital limited vision in the dark.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy/Degeneration –degeneration of the photoreceptors and retina.
Hypothyroidism – disorder of the thyroid.
Bloat (Gastric Torsion) – Stomach is distended and twists.
Cancer – Number 1 killer of all dogs.
Von Willebrand’s Disease – Blood clotting disorder.
Although an ancient breed that obviously has survived many centuries of trials, the Cho Chow of today is prone to several different health conditions. These include:
This condition can require surgery to keep the turning eyelid from injuring the eye ball.
This can cause lameness and arthritis.
This can cause lameness and arthritis.
Make sure you keep the ears clean and keep an eye on them.
Caring The Pet
It is best to feed the Briard smaller meals 2-3 times a day to prevent bloat. Feed 3-4 cups total for the day of a dry dog food that is high quality and made for large breeds.
Hip and Elbow Dysplasia – Can cause painful arthritis and lameness
Stationary Night Blindness – Congenital limited vision in the dark can vary from slight difficulty moving to complete inability to see in the dark.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy/Degeneration – Can lead to night blindness, limited or total blindness. Puppies with the disease can be blind before their first birthday.
Hypothyroidism – disorder of the thyroid.
Bloat (Gastric Torsion) – Stomach is distended and twists. Fatal if not treated quickly. Caused by eating a large meal quickly and either exercise immediately or drink a large amount of water right after eating.
Cancer – Number 1 killer of all dogs. Various types.
Von Willebrand’s Disease – Blood clotting disorder leads to excessive bleeding. There is no cure, but it is manageable.
Exercise and games
The Briard is a working dog and as such needs a job. They excel at agility, flyball, herding, obedience, confirmation and tracking. They need exercise and make excellent service dogs for people with disabilities and therapy dogs for those in emotional need.
Don’t overfeed a Chow Chow as they are hard workers and big eaters. Feed them at least twice a day.
Additional health issues include:
This eye disease can lead to blindness if not checked and treated.
These can be removed from an adolescent puppy.
Again, the Chow is susceptible to cancer.
Can lead to heart or kidney problems if left untreated.
Keep a close eye on your Chow Chow skin.
Exercise and games
The Chow Chow was developed as working dog, but today’s version is more laid back and doesn’t need excessive exercise. Daily walks will suffice. They live very happily in the city if walked regularly. They are not really a competitive breed outside of obedience and confirmation. They are seldom seen in sports like agility or frisbee.
As mentioned previously the Briard is intelligent and independent. They are also loyal, rugged, protective and bond intensely with their humans. They are often aloof when it comes to strangers or even when new furniture is introduced into the household. They have to learn that anything new into the family environment is friendly and good. They are great with children and susceptible to separation anxiety because of their deep affection for their people. Socialization for puppies is a must. This will let them know that people and children, other dogs in general are not harmful to their families. They have great memories and once they learn something – right or wrong – it is almost impossible to change it. They were bred to be independent thinkers who acted on their own conclusions. This is still true of the breed today, making them appear to be stubborn.
They are great watchdogs, fearless and brave; willing to learn, eager to make you happy. They are basically gentle but that always runs up against their protective nature. A strong alpha leader is needed to handle this hard-working dog.
Loyal and true to their family and those they know; the Chow Chow is a little standoffish with strangers. They are very protective and usually attach themselves to one or two people. They are intelligent but stubborn, which can affect your training with them. They need to respect their people and Chows respect hose who take care of them. They can be aggressive toward dogs of their same sex especially if those dogs are the same breed as well.
They are known to be very clean and many have compared them to cats in that regard. They appear to be dignified and refined. They are usually very quiet but very adaptable dogs.
Comparison with other breeds
- Briard vs English Bulldog - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs German Shepherd - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Golden Retriever - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Labrador Retriever - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs French Bulldog - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Beagle - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Yorkshire Terrier - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Poodle - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Rottweiler - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Boxer - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs English Pointer - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Siberian Husky - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Doberman Pinscher - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs American Bully - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Abruzzenhund - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Affenpinscher - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Afghan Hound - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Aidi - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Airedale Terrier - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Akbash Dog - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Akita - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Africanis - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Askal - Breed Comparison
- Briard vs Atlas Terrier - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs English Bulldog - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs German Shepherd - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Golden Retriever - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Labrador Retriever - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs French Bulldog - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Beagle - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Yorkshire Terrier - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Poodle - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Rottweiler - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Boxer - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs English Pointer - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Siberian Husky - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Doberman Pinscher - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs American Bully - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Abruzzenhund - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Affenpinscher - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Afghan Hound - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Aidi - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Airedale Terrier - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Akbash Dog - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Akita - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Africanis - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Askal - Breed Comparison
- Chow Chow vs Atlas Terrier - Breed Comparison