Collie vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison

Collie is originated from United Kingdom but Australian Cattle Dog is originated from Australia. Collie may grow 11 cm / 5 inches higher than Australian Cattle Dog. Collie may weigh 13 kg / 29 pounds more than Australian Cattle Dog. Both Collie and Australian Cattle Dog has almost same life span. Collie may have more litter size than Australian Cattle Dog. Collie requires Moderate maintenance. But Australian Cattle Dog requires Low maintenance


collie - historyThe Collie is a herding dog from Scotland and is also known by other names such as Rough Collie or Lassie Collie.

The first Collies used to be more in size as today’s Border Collies and they were also essentially black. Queen Victoria stepped in to save the Collie from obscurity, bringing some back to England where their popularity soared.

The looks started changing as they were bred and in 1860 they were shown at a dog show in Birmingham, England as ‘Scotch Sheep Dogs’.Later on the sable coat color was introduced.

In 1879 the first Collie was imported to the United States and a club for the dog breed was formed in 1886.

During the 19th century, in the New South Wales, lived a cattle farmer Thomas Hall. He wanted to have a perfect cattle dog so he mixed two breeds: dogs used by stockman with the dingo. The new breed was given an interesting name - Halls Heelers. Heelers was a part of the dog breed because this new breed of the dog inherited the nipping instinct. As time passed, one breed was developing in two breeds: the Australian Cattle Dog and the Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog.

The Australian Cattle dog can be found in two available colours: red and blue. This is how they got their nicknames: Red Heeler and Blue Heeler.


collie puppy - descriptionThe modern Collie is a medium to large sized dog that stands at 51 – 61cm and weighs between 20 – 29kg. You could say that the popularity of the Collie grew because of the dog Lassie, a Rough Collie dog in the film ‘Lassie Come Home’. People who saw this film learned what a wonderful pet the dog could be.

The Collie has two looks – the full coat which is known as the Rough Collie and the shorter coated Collie known as the Smooth variety. The coat comes in different colors but is essentially tri-colored in white, tan and black tips. The Collie has erect ears and a long, feathery tail.


Temperament of a dog is affected by a number of factors, including lifestyle of owners, heredity as well as whether the dog had training and socialization.

The Collie is a good-natured, friendly dog with no aggressiveness in him. He adapts well to city and country life, so long as he is with his human family, but he will need lots of exercise.

He will do well with training and socialization, turning into an even more splendid pet than he already is. He loves the children in the home and loves playing with them and watching over them. The Collie is intelligent and loyal and is easily trained.

The Australian Cattle Dog originally mixed with Australian herding dog that was kept near the cattle to guide them. Medium-sized, with the short coat, this dog is generally easy to groom and maintain. It does require more brushing during the shedding period, but it is still not an everyday need. He is easy to train because he likes challenging games and activities which are. It gets very attached to its owner, and he is always protective of them and their possessions. The most common health problems happen with their ears and eyes, but they are usually very healthy and they have a long life – up to 15 years.


collie dog - characteristicsYour Collie is an intelligent dog who will need physical exercise as well as mental stimulation too, otherwise he can develop some destructive behavior patterns that could be avoided just by seeing to his exercise needs.

He is easy to train and is a sensitive dog, wanting to learn and wanting to please.

A well trained Collie makes a wonderful pet. He is such a loyal dog that he will go to the ends of the earth for his owner, and guarantees to be every bit as affectionate, brave and loyal as the film-star dog, Lassie.

Around children

Children and Australian Cattle Dogs can grow up together in harmony. They will have a loyal and protective companion. After you properly train your dog and teach your child how to play with the dog, you will bring the friendship on the safe side. Some of them will have the instinct to nip at heels, so you should pay attention to this while training your pet.

Special talents: cattle dog, service dog, therapy dog, police dogs, drug detection dogs.


Australian Cattle Dogs can survive cool, hot and temperate conditions. They can live in a shelter outdoors, and they do well living indoors. But, be aware – without enough physical activity, this dog will end up being frustrated and unhappy.

Learning ability

They will absorb every new trick so quick that you will be amazed. They love to learn, and if you start with some good trick you will raise a great friend and maybe a great competitor in fetch, swim, bring-a-stick, or run-the-show dog sports.

Health Problems

collie puppies - health problemsThe Collie is a healthy dog breed generally, but just like with all other dogs, they are also prone to certain health conditions. It’s not to say that your Collie will get these diseases, but it can be beneficial to you and your pet’s health to be aware of them if you’re looking at the Collie as a pet.

Collie Nose:

This is a condition where the skin of the nose peels and oozes and left untreated, it can be painful for your pet and could even lead to cancer.

Collie Eye Anomaly:

This is an inherited eye disease that can actually lead to blindness. When certain parts of the eye don't develop properly it can lead to CEA - a genetic disease found in Collies as well as other dog breeds. The disease is also known as Choroidal Hypoplasia and brings about changes and abnormalities in the eye.

Hip Dysplasia:

This is an abnormal formation of the hip socket and certainly dogs with hip dysplasia should never be bred as it can lead to pain and lameness.

Health Problems: are mostly inherited. You can avoid this by searching for a good breeder that can clear out the hereditary diseases.


The Australian Cattle Dog is one of the breeds that can be born with progressive retinal atrophy. Progressive rod-cone degeneration is a disease that causes the rods and cones in the retina of the eye to degenerate. It might lead to blindness.


The Australian Cattle Dog is one of the rare breeds with recessive piebald alleles. This gene is the reason why they have white colour on their coat. But, unfortunately, this gene can be the reason why congenital hereditary deafness develops.

Caring The Pet


collie dogs - caringThe Collie will need grooming because of his long hair, and you will need to brush it at least twice a week to rid it of loose hairs and to keep it free from tangles. This is especially important if you live in the country and he leads an active lifestyle running through fields.

Keep a constant check on your Collie’s ears because dirt build-up can lead to an ear infection. Your vet can advise you on how to clean your dog’s ears. Make sure you have your Collie’s nails trimmed.


To cater for your Collie’s size and activity levels, make sure to feed him good food that meets his nutritional needs. Protein is the most important nutritional need for dogs, and apart from feeding your dog quality kibble, protein should also come from raw, animal-based sources such as meat, fish and poultry.

You can also include some cooked brown rice, vegetables and cooked chicken to provide variety. Make sure he always has fresh, cool water available.

Feeding the puppy and adult

Herding dog have a history of the joint diseases. That’s why some of the pet suggest feeding a herding dog with meat like chicken, turkey, beef, lamb and fish. Dry dog food, even premium quality, may not be enough for this energetic dogs and their bone structure. But it depends on the dog. The best advice is to always take an advice from your breeder or your wet.


You won’t be very busy with grooming your Australian cattle dog. You don’t have to take everyday care of it. Occasional brushing will be more than enough. Bath the dog only when you notice odour problem.

Points for Good Health

The Australian Cattle Dog needs a high level of activity. Like many other herding dog breeds, they love walks, spending time with people, running or doing any athletic sports with them, teaching them tricks since they have above average intelligence. Fetching will be super fun for everyone, agility, competitions or any other challenging activity. They love water and they swim very well so you can take the dog with you to the nearest pool and have a great time.

Basic Information

Herding dogs
Herding dogs
United Kingdom
Height Male:
56 - 61 cm
22 - 25 inches
45 - 50 cm
17 - 20 inches
Height Female:
56 - 61 cm
22 - 25 inches
43 - 48 cm
16 - 19 inches
Weight Male:
18 - 29 kg
39 - 64 pounds
14 - 16 kg
30 - 36 pounds
Weight Female:
18 - 29 kg
39 - 64 pounds
13 - 15 kg
28 - 34 pounds
Life Span:
14 - 16 Years
13 - 15 Years
Litter Size:
6 - 10
1 - 7
Medium dog
Medium dog
Other Names:
Lassie, Scottish Collie, Rough Collie
ACD, Cattle Dog, Blue Heeler, Red Heeler, Queensland Heeler
Colors Available:
tan and black, White
blue (mottled or speckled), red (mottled or speckled)
Long, dense and straight
short double coat
Moderate, Seasonal
Affectionate, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Curious, Docile, Energetic, Friendly, Gentle, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Quiet, Responsive, Social, Sweet
Courageous, Curious, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Responsive, Territorial
Moderate maintenance
Low maintenance
Kids Friendly:
New Owners Friendly:

Comparison with other breeds

  1. Pembroke Welsh Corgi vs Collie - Breed Comparison
  2. Collie vs Australian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  3. Collie vs Belgian Shepherd Dog (Malinois) - Breed Comparison
  4. Collie vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  5. Collie vs Bearded Collie - Breed Comparison
  6. Collie vs Austrailian Blue Heeler - Breed Comparison
  7. Collie vs Blue Healer - Breed Comparison
  8. Collie vs Australian Collie - Breed Comparison
  9. Collie vs Catahoula Cur - Breed Comparison
  10. Collie vs Australian Red Heeler - Breed Comparison
  11. Collie vs Catalan Sheepdog - Breed Comparison
  12. Collie vs Bergamasco - Breed Comparison
  13. Collie vs Berger Picard - Breed Comparison
  14. Collie vs Bohemian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  15. Collie vs Belgian Shepherd Dog (Tervuren) - Breed Comparison
  16. Collie vs Blue Lacy - Breed Comparison
  17. Collie vs Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  18. Collie vs Belgian Shepherd Dog (Laekenois) - Breed Comparison
  19. Collie vs Black Norwegian Elkhound - Breed Comparison
  20. Collie vs Cao da Serra de Aires - Breed Comparison
  21. Dutch Shepherd vs Collie - Breed Comparison
  22. English Shepherd vs Collie - Breed Comparison
  23. Pyrenean Shepherd vs Collie - Breed Comparison
  24. Appenzell Mountain Dog vs Collie - Breed Comparison
  25. Queensland Heeler vs Collie - Breed Comparison
  26. Pembroke Welsh Corgi vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  27. Australian Shepherd vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  28. Belgian Shepherd Dog (Malinois) vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  29. Australian Cattle Dog vs Austrailian Blue Heeler - Breed Comparison
  30. Australian Cattle Dog vs Australian Red Heeler - Breed Comparison
  31. Bearded Collie vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  32. Dutch Shepherd vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  33. Blue Healer vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  34. English Shepherd vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  35. Australian Collie vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  36. Catahoula Cur vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  37. Catalan Sheepdog vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  38. Pyrenean Shepherd vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  39. Bergamasco vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  40. Berger Picard vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  41. Appenzell Mountain Dog vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  42. Queensland Heeler vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  43. German Coolie vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  44. Bohemian Shepherd vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  45. Croatian Sheepdog vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  46. Red Heeler vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  47. Belgian Shepherd Dog (Tervuren) vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  48. Blue Lacy vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  49. New Zealand Huntaway vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison

View/Compare Breeds

Popular Dog Breeds