Francais Blanc et Noir vs Bloodhound - Breed Comparison

Francais Blanc et Noir vs BloodhoundFrancais Blanc et Noir is originated from France but Bloodhound is originated from United Kingdom. Francais Blanc et Noir may grow 18 cm / 8 inches higher than Bloodhound. Francais Blanc et Noir may weigh 40 kg / 88 pounds lesser than Bloodhound. Francais Blanc et Noir may live 7 years more than Bloodhound. Francais Blanc et Noir may have less litter size than Bloodhound. Francais Blanc et Noir requires Moderate maintenance. But Bloodhound requires Low maintenance

Basic Information

Group:
Hound dog
Hound dog
Origin:
France
United Kingdom
Height Male:
65 - 72 cm
25 - 29 inches
46 - 54 cm
18 - 22 inches
Height Female:
62 - 68 cm
24 - 27 inches
40 - 48 cm
15 - 19 inches
Weight Male:
27 - 32 kg
59 - 71 pounds
64 - 72 kg
141 - 159 pounds
Weight Female:
25 - 30 kg
55 - 67 pounds
58 - 66 kg
127 - 146 pounds
Life Span:
10 - 15 Years
6 - 8 Years
Litter Size:
4 - 6
10 - 14
Size:
Large dog
Large dog
Other Names:
Black and White Hound, Chien Francais Blanc Et Noir
Sleuth hound • St. Hubert Hound • Saint Hubert Hound • Chien de Saint-Hubert • Flemish Hound
Colors Available:
Black and White ,
Black and Tan, Liver and Tan, Red
Coat:
Short, dense, weather resistant
Dense and short
Shedding:
Constant
Moderate
Temperament:
Affectionate, Cheerful, Docile, Energetic, Gentle, Intelligent, Loving, Loyal, Playful
Affectionate, Alert, Gentle, Independent, Intelligent, Loving, Loyal, Stubborn
Grooming:
Moderate maintenance
Low maintenance
Trainability:
Moderate
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
No
No
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
Yes
Yes

History

francais blanc et noirTranslated from the French Chien Francais Blanc et Noir, is the French White and Black Hound. His ancestry goes back before the French Revolution to the old Hound of Saintonge and the Gascon Saintongeois. The Francais Blanc et Noir was bred to be a hunting dog and he is a scent hound. They were dogs that went hunting in packs, mostly for Roe and Red deer. In the late 19th Century, the Gascon Saintongeois was crossed with the Poitevin and the result was the Francais Blanc et Noir.

The breed was recognized in 1957 and by 2009 there were about 2000 dogs registered with the Federation Cynoloqique Interenationale. There are three types of the Francais line. They are the Chien Francais Tricolor and Chien Francais Blanc et Orange. The Blanc et Noir was bred as a hunting dog and they remain that especially in France. However, they are also very popular in dog shows. Because so many dogs belonged to hunters who felt no compulsion to register them, they were not recognized internationally for many decades later than they should have been.

Following the Second World War, breeding programs were in chaos and hunters were abandoning dogs that they could not feed. The military killed many dogs also. The Chien Francais Blanc et Noir saw its ranks greatly depleted but the breed survived. After being recognized in 1957 by the CKC and FCI, they gained international attention for the first time. Even though the breed is rare its numbers are greater than either of the other Chien Francais types. The breed registers 200 to 400 new dogs every year.

They are still endangered though because there are very few dogs left outside of France.

The UKC has recognized the breed but the AKC doesn’t.

bloodhoundThe history of the Bloodhound breed is a fascinating one. Known as a Sleuthhound for its ability to smell out the culprit and bag the prey. Even more so the Bloodhound is known for tracking and finding lost people. He is famous for finding human scents and being able to follow them even days or weeks after the person is lost. They are also able to track people over a great amount of land and have been known to successfully track escaped prisoners or wanted criminals. They are descended from the Saint-Hubert Hounds that were bred at the Abbey/Monastery at Saint-Hubert, Belgium. According to the legends the St. Hubert hounds were bred by the Monks in 1000AD. This hound was thought to be a mixed breed rather than a purebred. That’s because the ancestry of this hound is not really known but it is known that the monks bred them and sent several to the King of France annually. Only black hounds were gifted.

Some kings preferred not to hunt with these hounds thinking them not good enough while others thought the only use for them was as a leash hound. All described the St. Hubert as long in body with short legs. These gifts continued until the French Revolution when hunting in France was greatly reduced until the 19th century. The original St. Hubert strain became extinct in the 19th century and that the current European St. Hubert hound has its origins in the Bloodhound. The Bloodhound as a separate breed was already established in Europe by the middle of the 14th century. They were used as leach hounds to sniff out the prey so that the pack hounds could chase and keep it “at bay”. They were also used from the beginnings of the breed to track humans. At this time they were often known as sleuth hounds. As recorded by John Caius – the authority on Bloodhounds from their origins – writes about the breeds ability to find and track the scent of blood – thus becoming the Bloodhound and its use to track poachers and thieves. He also reported that the Bloodhound and the Sleuth Hound were the same basic breed. The number of Bloodhounds in Britain gradually declined until few remained after World War II. Britain has gradually built their breed back up by importing dogs from America. It was during the 19th century that the Bloodhound was imported into France by breeders who wished to reestablish the St. Hubert Hound. Thus the St. Hubert is both the ancestor and descendent of the Bloodhound. The Britain’s continue to believe that the Bloodhound is a native British breed.

The Bloodhounds in America have had great success as companion animals, with police departments and forest rangers and showing in the prestigious Westminster Kennel Club in New York. There are more Bloodhounds in the United States than anywhere else in the world.

In the end the Anglo-Saxton Bloodhound cannot be specified with any real certainty. Many believe it was not the St. Hubert that the Bloodhound descended from but rather the Norman hound or the sleuth-hound. Many believe it could have included other breeds such as the southern hound, the dun-hound and the Talbot. It cannot be proven today it the Bloodhound’s origins come from Belgian or England.

Description

francais blanc et noir puppyBeing a pack hunting dog, the Francais Blanc et Noir is muscular and lean. A long legged athletic breed with long drop ears, a domed head, and flews overhanging the lower lip. The coat is black and white, with black and blue ticking. There are tan dot on the cheeks and above the eyes and also below the tail. These spots of pale tan color can also appear on the dog’s legs. The Francais Blanc et Noir is known for its scenting ability and for its great voice. With its athletic build it is also known for its ability to persevere

bloodhound puppyWhen being judged for confirmation in a show ring, the preference is for a larger dog, with an unusual skeleton in respect to its large size and heavy weight in the bones. They have a narrow head, flat at the sides, but long. They have deep set eyes buried in the deep, long face and wrinkles. The eyes might be yellow or run the gamut to deep hazel depending upon the color of the dog. The long velvety ears and thin and low set on the head. These long ears are as much a part of the Bloodhounds Olfactory system as his amazing nose. They curl backward and inward as the ends. There is a large amount of loose skin on the head and at the jowls. When the Bloodhound lowers his head the loose folds and ridges of skin are prominent on the face and forehead.

For many centuries all different colors of Bloodhounds could be found. Today however they are pretty much red, black and tan and black and liver. The Bloodhound is a powerful dog and is larger than most breeds of hounds.

Health Problems

francais blanc et noir dogThe Francais Blanc et Noir has the propensity for several minor and a few major health problems. These include:

Bloat

Can lead to death if not treated immediately. Stomach twists and distends.

Joint Dysplasia

Can lead to arthritis and lameness if not treated.

Ear Infections

These can be avoided if ears are checked and cleaned after each hunt and after exercise.

Mange

The breed is susceptible to the non-fatal type. Check for mites regularly.

Allergies

Both seasonal and food potentially.

bloodhound dogObviously with ears like the Bloodhound there is always a chance for problems and serious infections. The ears need to be cleaned daily. Because their coat is so thick, they can overheat easily, and they are very prone to bloat, as are many large animals. However, with the Bloodhound, Bloat is the number one killer. Their lifespan is one of the shortest of all dogs at 6.75 years.

Caring The Pet

Feeding the puppy

francais blanc et noir puppiesUntil a year to 18 months feed two to three times per day two to two and one half cups of high quality dry dog food.

Feeding the adult

After 18 months of age feed the adult at least twice a day about three to four and one half cups of high quality dry dog food.

Points for Good Health

The breed is very active with good vision and strong scenting ability

Games and Exercise

The Francais Blanc et Noir is a dog with a lot of energy and bred to be very active. He needs plenty of exercise and both mental and physical stimulation. If you jog take him with you or take him on long walks every day. He will need a large yard and he needs a job if he is not used for hunting. He is good at field trials, tracking exercises, a search and rescue dog and barn hunts.

bloodhound puppiesThe Bloodhound is not a high energy, fast moving dog but that does not mean he doesn’t have serious nutritional needs. An overweight Bloodhound is on a course to an early demise. They should be fed a high-quality food once a day or split into two daily servings. Do not feed them right before or right after strenuous exercise and remember that strenuous exercise for a Bloodhound is considerably less than it is for a terrier.

Health issues

As previously mentioned the number one cause of death in Bloodhounds is Bloat. They are also prone to cancer. They have minor issues with their eyes, but their ears and skin are also major concerns. Clean the ears daily and wipe out the skin folds and wrinkles to prevent infections. They should be test for hip and elbow dysplasia simply because they are large dogs, though these conditions are less common in Bloodhounds.

Exercise and games

Though the Bloodhound is known as a couch potato his stamina and activity levels are usually greatly underestimated. He can follow a scent for 7-10 hours over miles of terrain with out a problem. He needs daily exercise such as long walks on a leash. Do not take your Bloodhound out off leash because if he picks up a scent and wanders off you will not be able to get his attention to call him back.

Characteristics

Children friendliness

francais blanc et noir dogsThey are good with children as long as the children are not overly rambunctious.

Special talents

Include scenting activities, rescue, tracking and hunting.

Adaptability

He is a large active dog that would not be adaptable to apartment or city life.

Learning ability

The breed is very smart and easily trainable.

bloodhound dogsThe Bloodhound is known as a gentle soul and he truly is. They are affectionate and gentle with people and children. However, their strong will to track can make them stubborn and hard to handle and train. They are easy going dogs and really like to be with people, children and other dogs. They are affectionate but tend to be set in their ways.

Comparison with other breeds

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