Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison

Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Chinese Crested DogFranzuskaya Bolonka is originated from France but Chinese Crested Dog is originated from Mexico. Both Franzuskaya Bolonka and Chinese Crested Dog are having almost same height. Both Franzuskaya Bolonka and Chinese Crested Dog are of same weight. Both Franzuskaya Bolonka and Chinese Crested Dog has almost same life span. Franzuskaya Bolonka may have less litter size than Chinese Crested Dog. Both Franzuskaya Bolonka and Chinese Crested Dog requires Low maintenance.

Basic Information

Group:
Toy dog
Toy dog
Origin:
France
Mexico
Height Male:
22 - 27 cm
8 - 11 inches
28 - 30 cm
11 - 12 inches
Height Female:
18 - 24 cm
7 - 10 inches
26 - 28 cm
10 - 12 inches
Weight Male:
3 - 5 kg
6 - 12 pounds
4 - 5 kg
8 - 12 pounds
Weight Female:
2 - 5 kg
4 - 12 pounds
3 - 4 kg
6 - 9 pounds
Life Span:
12 - 16 Years
12 - 14 Years
Litter Size:
1 - 3
2 - 6
Size:
Toy dog
Toy dog
Other Names:
Bolonka Zwetna, Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka, , Russian Lapdogs
Crested, Puff
Colors Available:
white
Any color or combination of colors
Coat:
curly, wavy
hairless or Puff has double coat
Shedding:
Minimal
Minimal
Temperament:
Affectionate, Alert, Friendly, Gentle, Intelligent, Loving, Playful, Quiet, Responsive, Social, Sweet
Affectionate, Friendly, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Playful
Grooming:
Low maintenance
Low maintenance
Trainability:
Easy
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
Yes
No
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
Yes
Yes

History

franzuskaya bolonkaThe Franzuskaya Bolonka in France is known as the Tsvetnaya Bolonka in Russia and in Germany as the Bolonka Zwetna. All of these translate to Colored Bolognese. It is known as the “Pride of Russia” and was rediscovered by the Russians following the thaw of the Cold War. It is also sometimes translated as a colored lapdog.

The Bolonka is a rare breed in the toy category with ancestors in the Bichon Friese line. This little dog looks very much like the national dog of Cuba – the Havanese. In addition to the Bichon other small dogs in this ancestral line include the Shih Tzu, Toy Poodle, and Pekingese as well as the French, Italian and German Bolonka. They are often confused with the Bolognese as both breeds appear in various countries and have many similarities.

In all countries the common name for this dog is the Bolonka. They have a variety of names and nick names depending on the country. In addition to being the “Pride of Russia” he is called a Russian colored Bichon, Czechs call it the Bareyny Bolonsky, the Germans since 1980 have called it the Bolonka Zwetna but the Nordic Kennel Union does not recognize the Zwenta only the Russian Twetnaya.

The French version is seen to be the original with its ancestry dating back to the 18th century when Russian nobles were presented with a Bolonka by Louis XIV of France, and others migrated with the army of Napoleon to Russia. They were still known as the Bolonka of France. Small dogs were not popular in Russia due to the need for dogs that could work on farms and/or hunt. Particularly during the Soviet years, they were considered unnecessary. No Bolonkas were imported to Russia during the Soviet regime, so only localized breeding took place. The goal of breeders in the Soviet Union was to develop a toy dog, lap sized with an apartment living temperament.

During the cold war the Russians sent a pair of breeding Franzuskaya Bolonka to East Germany and they began to develop the breed there as well. At the same time the colored versions of the Bolonka were being bred. The Franzuskaya Bolonka is recognized by the Verband Dur Das Deutsche Hundewesen (VDF) while the other colored breeds are not. The white Bolonka is not recognized by the Federation Cynoloqique Internationale as a breed separate from the Bolognese but as simply another version. Individual clubs throughout the world recognized one or more versions of the Bolonka. They are thought to be the rarest within the Bichon family.

Today’s Bolonka is owed by Prince William and Princess Kate, giving the breed more publicity than it has had in many years.

chinese crested dogThe Chinese Crested Dog is believed to have its origins in Africa and there are many texts from the 19th Century that feature an Africa Hairless Terrier that resembles the Chinese Crested. However, the scientific and genetic evidence leads to an origin that is shared with the Mexican Hairless Dog. Any way you look at it the dog did not originate in China. The Chinese were very fond of this breed and used them on their ships to control the rat populations. This is probably how they got their name.

There are two types of Chinese Crested Dogs – the well known Hairless, and the lesser known Powderpuff. The Hairless type is better known because they carry the dominant trait and the Powderpuff is recessive. However, this recessive gene is carried by every Chinese Crested Dog so the Powderpuff can show up in all litters even those of two Hairless Crested. Two Powderpuffs will not result in any Hairless in their litters as the Powderpuff does not have the gene for the Hairless.

The “Crest Haven” Kennel was opened by Debora Wood in the 1950’s to breed the Chines Crested Dog. At the same time Gypsy Rose Lee, of the famous burlesque shows, was also breeding Chinese Crested Dogs. The two lines of Crested bred by Americans came together following the death of Rose Lee. Every Chinese Crested that lives today can trace their heritage directly to these two breeding lines. In 1959, Debra Wood founded the American Hairless Dog Club which became a part of the American Chinese Crested Club or the ACCC in 1978. This organization then became the breed’s parent club after AKC (American Kennel Club) recognized the breed in 1991. Prior to this the Federation Cynologique Internationale, recognized the breed in 1987, the United Kingdom (UK)the Kennel Club recognized them in 1981 and the Australian National Kennel Council recognized the Crested in 1995.

Description

franzuskaya bolonka puppyThe Franzuskaya Bolonka is neither heavy boned nor fine boned. They are a toy breed with a moderate bone structure. The ears are neither long nor short and they have tails that touch the back at the tip. Like others in the Bichon family the Franzuskaya Bolonka does not shed. He is a sturdy little dog and the male has a distinct beard and moustache that the females of the breed do not. They have long coats that are wavy and curly. The Franzuskaya Bolonka is of course only white. The Russian version might be brown, red, black, wolf-gray, gray and of course white.

chinese crested dog puppyThis is a toy breed and very small. The Hairless and the Powderpuff are two types of the same breed, although they do not look like it. The Hairless type can have fur anywhere on its body, but it will not have much. It will have hair on its paws, tail and head. The Powderpuff on the other hand will have a thick double coat. When discussing the color of the hairless, one is referring to the color of its skin. It can range from flesh to black.

The Powderpuff has a soft, thick, straight double coat. It can have very long hair. The Hairless must have its skin taken care of and protected. Both types of Chines Crested are small in stature with well proportioned, athletic bodies.

Health Problems

The Franzuskaya Bolonka is susceptible to dental issues as well as

  1. Luxating Patella
  2. Can cause lameness and arthritis
  3. Hip Dysplasia
  4. Can cause lameness and arthritis
  5. Liver Shunts
  6. Serious and sometimes fatal bypassing of the liver by the circulatory system
  7. Thyroid Issues
  8. Difficult to diagnose but easy to treat with medication
  9. Corneal Abrasions

franzuskaya bolonka dogMedical issues are not fully documented because of the rarity of the breed and the years of isolation in the Soviet Union.

chinese crested dog dogThe Chinese Crested Hairless version must have its skin take care of much in the same way we take care of our own. It will burn if exposed to too much sun without protection. They can suffer from dry skin, acne, need moisturizing cremes. They get skin allergies as well and it is important to take care of the skin instead of the brushing you don’t have to do.

The Chinese Crested does not suffer from most of the diseases other toy breeds do. They can have ye issues. The Hairless have a “primitive mouth” . They have pointy teeth and poor dentition. This is not true of the Powderpuffs however. Their eye issues include:

  • Lens Luxation
  • PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy)
  • Glaucoma

Other issues include:

  • Luxating Patellas
  • Legg-Perthes Disease
  • Canine Multiple System Degeneration (CMSD)
  • Allergies

Caring The Pet

Feeding the puppy

franzuskaya bolonka puppiesFeed at least 3 meals a day. Feed one fourth of a cup daily split into three meals of a high quality puppy food.

Feeding the adult

Feed at least 2 meals per day. Feed one half of a cup daily split into two meals of a high quality dry food.

Points for Good Health

Fairly healthy breed due to isolation during cold war

Games and Exercises

The Franzuskaya Bolonka is developed as a lap dog but that does not mean he doesn’t need daily exercise. He loves to play but play gently and not for any length of time. They like to chase balls, play hide and seek and any tricks you want to teach them.

Feeding

chinese crested dog puppiesLike several other toy breeds, it is easy to overfeed the Chinese Crested because it has such a small stature. Feed once or twice a day but never more than one fourth of a cup total for the day.

Health issues

  • Lens Luxation – causes blindness and is inherited
  • PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy) – can also lead to blindness
  • Glaucoma – also leads to blindness
  • Dry Eye Syndrome

Other issues include:

Luxating Patellas – kneecaps move out of place and cause lameness and arthritis

Legg-Perthes Disease – a hip disorder where blood does not reach the head of the femur. The bone dies, and growth stops.

Canine Multiple System Degeneration (CMSD) – a progressive movement disorder can call falls

  • Allergies – skin and sometimes food

Exercise and games

This Breed does not need an excessive amount of exercise, but they do enjoy running. They are competitive and athletic, so they can excel at flyball, lure coursing, agility and obedience. They are sensitive and trainable enough to become a therapy dog.

Characteristics

Children friendliness

franzuskaya bolonka dogsThe Bolonka is great with kids, just avoid too intense play.

Special talents

The Bolonka is a playful, lap dog with a lot of love to offer

Adaptability

Good adaptability great in the city in apartments and great in the country as well

Learning ability

They are very smart and love to learn. Being firm but beyond firm is also kind.

chinese crested dog dogsThe Chines Crested Dog is very intelligent and love to perform for audiences. They do well with obedience courses and they are very affectionate lap dogs. They want to be with you and on you or in your arms all the time. They are loyal and playful.

Comparison with other breeds

  1. Morkie vs Franzuskaya Bolonka - Breed Comparison
  2. Havanese vs Franzuskaya Bolonka - Breed Comparison
  3. Pekingese vs Franzuskaya Bolonka - Breed Comparison
  4. Long Haired Chihuahua vs Franzuskaya Bolonka - Breed Comparison
  5. Russian Toy Terrier vs Franzuskaya Bolonka - Breed Comparison
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  7. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Chihuahua - Breed Comparison
  8. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Chorkie - Breed Comparison
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  10. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Chiweenie - Breed Comparison
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  22. Silky Terrier vs Franzuskaya Bolonka - Breed Comparison
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  26. Chihuahua vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  27. Morkie vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  28. Havanese vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  29. Chorkie vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  30. Pekingese vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  31. Chinese Crested Dog vs Yorkshire Terrier - Breed Comparison
  32. Chinese Crested Dog vs Affenpinscher - Breed Comparison
  33. Chinese Crested Dog vs Brussels Griffon - Breed Comparison
  34. Chinese Crested Dog vs Bichon Bolognese - Breed Comparison
  35. Chinese Crested Dog vs Bugg - Breed Comparison
  36. Chiweenie vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  37. Chug vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  38. Chipoo vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  39. Chiapom vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  40. English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  41. Long Haired Chihuahua vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  42. Russian Toy Terrier vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  43. Phalene vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  44. Cockachon vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  45. Shih Tzu vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  46. Silky Terrier vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  47. Snorkie vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  48. Toy Bulldog vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  49. Toy Mi-Ki vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison

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