Havanese vs English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) - Breed Comparison

Havanese vs English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan)Havanese is originated from Cuba but English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) is originated from United Kingdom. Havanese may grow 8 cm / 3 inches shorter than English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan). Both Havanese and English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) are having almost same weight. Havanese may live 3 years more than English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan). Both Havanese and English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) has almost same litter size. Havanese requires High maintenance. But English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) requires Moderate maintenance

Basic Information

Group:
Toy dog
Toy dog
Origin:
Cuba
United Kingdom
Height Male:
23 - 27 cm
9 - 11 inches
25 - 35 cm
9 - 14 inches
Height Female:
21 - 25 cm
8 - 10 inches
22 - 33 cm
8 - 13 inches
Weight Male:
3 - 6 kg
6 - 14 pounds
3 - 4 kg
6 - 9 pounds
Weight Female:
2 - 5 kg
4 - 12 pounds
3 - 4 kg
6 - 9 pounds
Life Span:
14 - 16 Years
12 - 13 Years
Litter Size:
1 - 9
1 - 7
Size:
Toy dog
Toy dog
Other Names:
Havanese Cuban Bichon Bichón Havanés Havaneser Havanezer Bichon Habanero
ETT, English Toy Terrier – Black and Tan
Colors Available:
colors all colors
black and tan
Coat:
coat type soft and curly
Short, close-lying, thick, glossy
Shedding:
Moderate
Moderate
Temperament:
Friendly, Intelligent, Outgoing, Playful
Affectionate, Alert, Friendly, Intelligent, Loyal
Grooming:
High maintenance
Moderate maintenance
Trainability:
Moderate
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
No
No
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
Yes
Yes

History

havaneseThe only breed of dog that is native to Cuba is the Havanese. These little dogs are great companion animals. Sociable and happy, they are very popular in the United States with urbanites. These happy little pups are a Bichon type of dog which was developed from the “Little White Dog of Havana” or the Blanquito de la Habana which is now extinct.

The Blanquito de la Habana was itself developed from another extinct breed the Bichon Tenerife. Then the Blanquito was bred with the other Bichons and poodles in developing the Havanese. It is believed that some of the first people to settle in Cuba were from Tenerife, an island close to Cuba. In the early part of the sixteenth century, little white dogs were brought to Cuba with these settlers. This dog of Tenerife is believed to be the ancestor of all Bichon breeds.

At that time trade with Cuba was highly restricted by the Spanish and so these dogs developed without any crossing from other breeds from outside the country. They grew to be able to stand hot temperatures and they grew a very unique coat – almost like silk. Their coat is soft and light, while insulating them from the tropical environment.

At this time Cuba was the place to be for Europeans aristocrats on vacation. Unlike the British colonies, Cuba had theatres, operas and palacious. When going back to Europe, many took this little white dog with them to France, Spain and England. The Dog of Havannah was a favorite on European soil as well. Many of these dogs taken to Europe were fawn or parti instead of white. Meanwhile back in Cuba, the bourgeoisie were replacing the aristocracy who themselves would soon be replaced by the Revolution.

During the days of the bourgeoisie, the Havanese became very popular household pets. The breed has been a family pet for the last 150 years. At the same time the breed was very trendy in Europe with Charles Dickens and Queen Victoria owning several. They were by now familiar participants in Europe’s dog shows. Finally, with the Revolution, the bourgeoisie left the country in droves with their little white dogs. A genetic pool was then formed in the US. Gene pool from 11 dogs. All the Havanese in the world are descended from those 11 dogs with the exception of the dogs isolated in Cuba and the US. Today the Havanese is one of the most popular and fastest growing breeds in the world.

english toy terrier black and tanThey English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) is closely related to the Manchester Terrier and the Old English Black and Tan Terrier. The English Toy Terrier was developed to entertain humans in the rat pit due to its speed and agility. This is a sport that was very popular in English cities during Victorian times. Terriers went into the pits with a large number of rats and the winner would be the dog that killed a certain number of rats the fastest. The watchers would take bets on their favorite dog.

The English Toy Terrier was developed to be smaller than the Manchester Terrier, because smaller dogs were desired for the pit. In 1848 a small 2.5 kg black and tan terrier took less than an hour to kill 300 rats. When the Kennel Club was formed the sport of rat killing was outlawed. Because it was such a good looking dog, the black and tan was soon excelling in the show ring. To begin with there was one breed of Black and Tan Terriers and two weight classes. In 1920, the two were divided into separate breeds – the Manchester Terrier and the Black and Tan Terrier. It wasn’t until 1962 that the name changed to the English Toy Terrier (Black and Tan).In 1959, the declining numbers of Manchester Terriers caused the AKC to combine them again into one breed with two kinds: Toy and Standard.

Today the English Toy Terrier is one of the most vulnerable of the native breeds and efforts are in place to increase the gene pool and popularity of the dog. The UKC has also re-registered the English Toy Terrier (Black and Tan) in the stud book if it is a certified Toy. The breed is not AKC recognized.

Description

havanese puppyThe Havanese is a sturdy little dog, a member of the toy group. They weigh no more than 16 pounds (7.3kg) and his body is longer than it is tall. The breed has a unique topline that is not level, but it is straight. His front legs are longer than his hind legs producing the lively gait everyone is used to seeing with a Havanese. With a full muzzle that tapers to the nose, the Havanese does not seem to be short. The skull’s length is the same as the muzzle’s. The head of the Havanese is round in the back and flat in the front.

They have a deep chest, almond shaped eyes that are dark brown and their ears are about halfway down the nose. The long ears hang down the side od the face. They have a long plumed tail that is held high and upward. The standard for the breed and now the laws of the United Kingdom state that there can be no docking of the tail.

english toy terrier black and tan puppyThe English Toy Terrier is a small compact breed that resembles the Miniature Pinscher and the Manchester Terrier. The English Toy Terrier has a narrow but long head with a black nose, wedge muzzle and dark, almond shaped eyes. The ears are flame shaped and the chest is deep and narrow. He has thick legs and a tapered tail. The breed is of course black and tan – with the tan on the face, chest and legs.

Health Problems

havanese dogA very healthy breed, the Havanese doesn’t have a lot of health issues, but they are not immune to the problems of small breed dogs. The issues they do have are:

  1. Luxating Patella – can result in arthritis or lameness
  2. Liver Disease – could be fatal
  3. Heart Disease – could be fatal
  4. Cataracts – can be discomforting by will not cause total blindness
  5. Retinal Dysplasia – this eye disease is more serious than the cataracts but is also non-progressive and is caused by a viral infection.
  6. Hip Dysplasia – causes lameness and arthritis -most small dogs are susceptible to this

Health Problems

english toy terrier black and tan dogLike many Toy dogs, the English Toy Terrier is susceptible to:

Patellar Luxation

Dislocated kneecap – many small breeds are susceptible to this.

Deafness

There has been a congenital line of deafness in the English Toy Terrier since it was developed with a cross from the English White Terrier. Unfortunately, some still breed these deaf dogs and continue to pass on the condition.

Glaucoma

More painful than in the human eye, pressure builds up behind the eye ball. Dogs build up more pressure than humans and this can lead to blindness.

Caring The Pet

Feeding the puppy

havanese puppiesFeed 3 to 4 times per day a high quality dry puppy food for toy or small dogs. Feed ¼ to ½ cup each time.

Feeding the adult

Remember these are small dogs and don’t overfeed. Feed a high quality dry food for small or toy dogs. Feed twice a day at about ½ cup each time.

Points for Good Health

The breed is generally very healthy.

Games and Exercises

This breed is not an overly active dog, but he does need some exercise. A nice walk once a day or a backyard to play in. They play inside as well as out. Don’t over exercise the Havanese. They do well in obedience and confirmation more so than agility or fly ball

Feeding

english toy terrier black and tan puppiesAs a high energy small dog feed a high quality dry food that is designed specifically for small dogs. Feed about ¼ of a cup of food split into 2 meals.

Health issues

In addition to the health issues mentioned above:

Von Willebrand’s Disease – VWD

This is an inherited blood disease in which a lack of protein has a negative effect of the platelets. This causes them not to form clots and so the dog has a bleeding issue.

Legg-Perthe-Calve’s Disease

Degeneration of the femur ball joint due to a blood deficiency issue. This can lead to arthritis.

Lens Luxation

Affects the lens by blocking the drainage from the eye creating a glaucoma like pressure.

Skin Issues

The English Toy Terrier can develop skin issues so watch him closely.

Exercise and games

The English Toy Terrier can be very energetic but that doesn’t actually mean she needs a ton of exercise. Because she is small she does not need as much as you might think. A half hour walk once a day is enough or just letting her run in your fenced yard.

He is an intelligent little dog who needs mental stimulation as much if not more than the solution. Play games like catch, hide and seek, frisbee, and performing tricks.

Characteristics

Children friendliness

havanese dogsHavanese are highly intelligent and eager to please, and they are easily trained so long as you use only positive methods. This can be a sensitive breed, so care must be taken to not scold them harshly. Socialization from an early age is very important. Expose them calmly to a wide variety of new places and new people, always ensuring that the experiences are positive and not intimidating. Gentle, patient training will result in a wonderful companion dog. They are affectionate with people and get along with other nonaggressive pets.

Special talents

The Havanese is the consummate lap dog. Over time they have become the lovable family companion.

Adaptability

The breed is pretty adaptable being able to live as a companion animal in almost any setting. Just don’t expect your Havanese to go hiking or romp with you on 40 acres in the country.

Learning

They are intelligent, love to learn but can be a little stubborn. Train them early as they like their habits and its much harder to train an older Havanese.

english toy terrier black and tan dogsThe English Toy Terrier is a stubborn, strong willed little dog. It has a fearless disposition and its alertness make it a great candidate for a guard dog despite its size. They will chase small animals due to their innate prey drive. They are affectionate and loyal and need to be with people. They love to be cuddled and petted, but usually choose one person that they become very close to. He is more than a lap dog. He can be playful, or he can be a small working dog.

Comparison with other breeds

  1. Morkie vs Havanese - Breed Comparison
  2. Havanese vs Yorkshire Terrier - Breed Comparison
  3. Havanese vs Chihuahua - Breed Comparison
  4. Havanese vs Chorkie - Breed Comparison
  5. Havanese vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  6. Havanese vs Chiweenie - Breed Comparison
  7. Havanese vs Chug - Breed Comparison
  8. Havanese vs Affenpinscher - Breed Comparison
  9. Havanese vs Brussels Griffon - Breed Comparison
  10. Havanese vs Chipoo - Breed Comparison
  11. Havanese vs Chiapom - Breed Comparison
  12. Havanese vs English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) - Breed Comparison
  13. Havanese vs Bichon Bolognese - Breed Comparison
  14. Havanese vs Franzuskaya Bolonka - Breed Comparison
  15. Havanese vs Bugg - Breed Comparison
  16. Havanese vs Cockachon - Breed Comparison
  17. Pekingese vs Havanese - Breed Comparison
  18. Long Haired Chihuahua vs Havanese - Breed Comparison
  19. Russian Toy Terrier vs Havanese - Breed Comparison
  20. Phalene vs Havanese - Breed Comparison
  21. Shih Tzu vs Havanese - Breed Comparison
  22. Silky Terrier vs Havanese - Breed Comparison
  23. Snorkie vs Havanese - Breed Comparison
  24. Toy Bulldog vs Havanese - Breed Comparison
  25. Toy Mi-Ki vs Havanese - Breed Comparison
  26. Morkie vs English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) - Breed Comparison
  27. Pekingese vs English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) - Breed Comparison
  28. English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) vs Yorkshire Terrier - Breed Comparison
  29. English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) vs Chihuahua - Breed Comparison
  30. English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) vs Chorkie - Breed Comparison
  31. English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  32. English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) vs Chiweenie - Breed Comparison
  33. English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) vs Chug - Breed Comparison
  34. English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) vs Affenpinscher - Breed Comparison
  35. English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) vs Brussels Griffon - Breed Comparison
  36. English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) vs Chipoo - Breed Comparison
  37. English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) vs Chiapom - Breed Comparison
  38. English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) vs Bichon Bolognese - Breed Comparison
  39. English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) vs Bugg - Breed Comparison
  40. English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) vs Cockachon - Breed Comparison
  41. Long Haired Chihuahua vs English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) - Breed Comparison
  42. Russian Toy Terrier vs English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) - Breed Comparison
  43. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) - Breed Comparison
  44. Phalene vs English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) - Breed Comparison
  45. Shih Tzu vs English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) - Breed Comparison
  46. Silky Terrier vs English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) - Breed Comparison
  47. Snorkie vs English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) - Breed Comparison
  48. Toy Bulldog vs English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) - Breed Comparison
  49. Toy Mi-Ki vs English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) - Breed Comparison

View/Compare Breeds

Popular Dog Breeds