Hawaiian Poi Dog vs Japanese Spitz - Breed Comparison

Hawaiian Poi Dog is originated from Indonesia but Japanese Spitz is originated from Japan. Both Hawaiian Poi Dog and Japanese Spitz are having almost same height. Both Hawaiian Poi Dog and Japanese Spitz are having almost same weight. Hawaiian Poi Dog may live 8 years less than Japanese Spitz. Both Hawaiian Poi Dog and Japanese Spitz has almost same litter size. Both Hawaiian Poi Dog and Japanese Spitz requires Low maintenance.

Basic Information

Group:
Companion dog
Companion dog
Origin:
Indonesia
Japan
Height Male:
36 - 38 cm
14 - 15 inches
25 - 34 cm
9 - 14 inches
Height Female:
34 - 36 cm
13 - 15 inches
25 - 34 cm
9 - 14 inches
Weight Male:
7 - 15 kg
15 - 34 pounds
5 - 10 kg
11 - 23 pounds
Weight Female:
6 - 13 kg
13 - 29 pounds
5 - 10 kg
11 - 23 pounds
Life Span:
5 - 8 Years
10 - 16 Years
Litter Size:
3 - 5
1 - 6
Size:
Small dog
Small dog
Other Names:
Native Hawaiian Dog, and Hawaiian Islanders’ Dog., Poi Dog, Ilio, Hawaiian Dog
Nihon Supittsu
Colors Available:
any color with white markings, brown mostly
White
Coat:
short and fine
Longish and fluffy
Shedding:
Minimal
Moderate
Temperament:
Affectionate, Playful, Stubborn
Affectionate, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Curious, Energetic, Friendly, Gentle, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Responsive, Social, Stubborn, Sweet, Territorial
Grooming:
Low maintenance
Low maintenance
Trainability:
Hard
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
No
No
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
Yes
Yes

History

The Hawaiian Poi Dog was a descendent of the dogs brought to the Islands by the Polynesian. These Polynesian dogs were themselves descendants of the kuri dog of New Zealand. These kuri dogs were originally from Indonesia. The Hawaiian Poi dog is now extinct but at one time was considered the spiritual protector of Hawaiian children and also used as food by hungry Native Hawaiians.

The dog was called poi which was the word for a food staple mad from the root of Taro and used to put weight on the dogs before they were eaten. Meat was not fed to the dogs because it was too scarce. There was no large mammals to hunt and so the breed was never given a standard. The Poi dog seen by European explorers were short legged, pot bellied canines that lived with the hogs in the towns. Because of what they ate, the dogs were not highly intelligent but were stubborn and hard to train. Because the dogs were not suited for much beyond food and a spiritual charm, they became extinct when the traditional religion was no longer practiced and eating dogs was no longer acceptable. The breed pretty much disappeared by the early 20th century. Very few images of the dogs remain except for ancient petroglyphs.

There was an attempt by the Honolulu Zoo in the late 1960’s to redevelop the breed using local dogs to determine a standard. Then the local dogs were bred as close to the standard as possible. In the third generation one dog was born with the traits of a Poi dog. There was not much more success with this and then the Polynesian ship travel between Tahiti and Hawaii was recreated and a dog taken along.

Today’s mixed breed dogs in Hawaii are called Poi dogs but also have the stubbornness, unique appearance and ability to eat anything it is given like the original Poi. The dogs are small, and should not be confused with the original Poi dogs.

japanese spitzSpitz dogs include quite a few dog breeds and these dogs all have similar characteristics – pointed, erect ears, slanted type eyes with thick fur.

The Japanese Spitz was developed by Japanese breeders at the time of the 1920s, and bringing in quite a number of dog breeds to do so. The breeders started with the white German Spitz dogs but later other white Spitz breeds were imported and crossed into this developing breed.

The final standard for the breed after World War 11 was accepted by the Japan Kennel Club. The dog became recognized by other kennel clubs of the world.

Description

As previously mentioned the Poi dog is somewhat unusual in size and shape due to what they ate. They looked somewhat like the native dogs of Polynesia and New Zealand. They have short legs, long bodies, somewhat obese and a very flat head. He had a short smooth coat, in any color or any pattern. They were however mostly brown and they might or might not have white markings.

japanese spitz puppyThe Japanese Spitz is a small to medium sized dog, being somewhat larger than the Pomeranian. The dog stands at 25 – 38cm, both male and female and weighs anything between 5 to 10kg.

The double coat of the dog is thick and white and the puppies look like large snowball.s He has a pointed muzzle with erect ears and a tail that curls up over the back.

Temperament:

The pure-bred Japanese Spitz, just like other Spitz dogs are smart, inquisitive dogs who show loyalty to their owners, getting on well with children in the home and making a good family pet.

They can be quite stubborn, so training and socialization becomes important if you want him to be obedient. Training is easy as he is an intelligent, bright little dog.

They’re able to adapt to life in the city or in the country, but if you live in the city, you will need to meet his exercise needs.

He can tolerate cold weather quite well but as a companion dog, he prefers being indoors with his human family.

Even though they are small dogs, they are protective and make good watchdogs. They were bred to be companion dogs and they take this role seriously, being loyal, entertaining, fun, friendly and loving with their human family.

It is why they are becoming such a popular breed as they have an amicable nature, getting on well with other pets as well as children.

Health Problems

Probably due to its diet, the Poi dog had several problems to their health. Their poor diet led to a sluggishness both in movement and intelligence. Its development was hampered by a lack of protein. Malnutrition and serious over inbreeding caused a weakness and poor oral hygiene. Due to this lack of teeth and chewing the bones in the dogs heads became flat. The Poi had breathing issues and overall lethargy.

japanese spitz dogLife expectancy for the Japanese Spitz is about 10–16 years. They are a healthy breed with few genetic problems. Nothing is set in stone though, and your healthy dog can fall prey to some of the many common dog illnesses there are.

They're so sweet, you're tempted to feed him treats all the time, but obesity is a common Japanese Spitz health issue and obesity can lead to many problems with the heart, kidney, diabetes and even joint pain.

Also, eye problems such as ingrown eyelashes and a lower eyelid that rolls inward are problems that are known to trouble these Spitz type dogs. It leads to terrible irritation and damage to the eye. It's definitely time to see the vet to avoid infections and injury.

Caring The Pet

Feeding the puppy

With meat being rare in Hawaii, none was available for the dogs. They were fed Poi – from the Taro plant roots. Puppies were fed 2-3 times a day.

Feeding the adult

The adult dog was fed once or twice a day the same as Poi puppies were fed.

Points for Good Health

The Hawaiian Poi dog basically has not good health points.

Games and Exercises

The Poi dog did not need and did not get much exercise, leading to its demise.

Exercise:

japanese spitz puppiesThe Japanese Spitz is an active dog and he will require at least one walk a day to keep him happy. He is full of beans and wants to go with you on all your outings.

Diet:

The diet of your Japanese Spitz is basic to his good health. If you feed him low quality foods deplete of vitamins and minerals, you'll end up with a sick dog who is always at the vet. Puppies need 4 small meals a day while an adult dog can have 1 or 2 meals a day.

He can benefit from the top quality commercially manufactured foods and sometimes you can add in some cooked chicken, rice and vegetables into his dry kibble. Add in a little bit of raw meat too from time to time and ensure that he can always reach his bowl of fresh, cool water.

Grooming:

The beautiful white fur of your Japanese Spitz will need to be brushed at least twice a week to keep it free from loose hair and to keep the fur bright and vibrant.

Check his nails and avoid them getting too long as they can hook on things and cause injury. Check his ears inside and out, keeping them clean and free of debris. Very importantly, keep his teeth clean as dental disease can play havoc with a dog's health.

Characteristics

Children friendliness

The Hawaiian Poi dog was very friendly and good with children

Special talents

The Poi was considered a good luck charm and a spiritual protector of children

Adaptability

Given what they faced in life, the Poi dog was very adaptable, living anywhere on the islands and eating anything it could find.

Learning ability

Due to their poor diet, the Hawaiian Poi dog was seriously lacking in intelligence and learning ability.

japanese spitz dogsYour Japanese Spitz is going to make you a superb companion and you want to ensure that you are well prepared for him when he arrives. He is feisty, charming, social, bright, alert, active, loyal and loving and you want to be sure that he has everything laid on as a 4-legged family member.

He isn't a high maintenance dog, he isn't demanding and if you love and care for him, you'll find that he fills a vacancy in your life that you'll never want to be without again.

Comparison with other breeds

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  27. PekePoo vs Hawaiian Poi Dog - Breed Comparison
  28. Schipperke vs Hawaiian Poi Dog - Breed Comparison
  29. Schweenie vs Hawaiian Poi Dog - Breed Comparison
  30. Lhasapoo vs Hawaiian Poi Dog - Breed Comparison
  31. Meliteo Kinidio vs Hawaiian Poi Dog - Breed Comparison
  32. Hawaiian Poi Dog vs Bichon Frise - Breed Comparison
  33. Hawaiian Poi Dog vs Alaskan Klee Kai - Breed Comparison
  34. Hawaiian Poi Dog vs Coton De Tulear - Breed Comparison
  35. Hawaiian Poi Dog vs Fruggle - Breed Comparison
  36. Prazsky Krysarik vs Hawaiian Poi Dog - Breed Comparison
  37. Pugalier vs Hawaiian Poi Dog - Breed Comparison
  38. Kyi-Leo vs Hawaiian Poi Dog - Breed Comparison
  39. Tsvetnaya Bolonka vs Hawaiian Poi Dog - Breed Comparison
  40. Muggin vs Hawaiian Poi Dog - Breed Comparison
  41. Pomeranian vs Hawaiian Poi Dog - Breed Comparison
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  43. Pug vs Hawaiian Poi Dog - Breed Comparison
  44. Maltipoo vs Hawaiian Poi Dog - Breed Comparison
  45. Miniature Schnauzer vs Hawaiian Poi Dog - Breed Comparison
  46. Papillon vs Hawaiian Poi Dog - Breed Comparison
  47. Miniature Australian Shepherd vs Hawaiian Poi Dog - Breed Comparison

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