Jug vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel - Breed Comparison

Jug vs Cavalier King Charles SpanielBoth Jug and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel are originated from United Kingdom. Both Jug and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel are having almost same height. Both Jug and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel are having almost same weight. Jug may live 3 years more than Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. Both Jug and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has almost same litter size. Jug requires Low maintenance. But Cavalier King Charles Spaniel requires Moderate maintenance

Basic Information

Group:
Toy dog
Toy dog
Origin:
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Height Male:
25 - 36 cm
9 - 15 inches
31 - 33 cm
12 - 13 inches
Height Female:
25 - 36 cm
9 - 15 inches
29 - 33 cm
11 - 13 inches
Weight Male:
5 - 7 kg
11 - 16 pounds
5 - 9 kg
11 - 20 pounds
Weight Female:
5 - 7 kg
11 - 16 pounds
5 - 9 kg
11 - 20 pounds
Life Span:
12 - 17 Years
9 - 14 Years
Litter Size:
5 - 7
2 - 6
Size:
Small dog
Small dog
Other Names:
Jack Russell Pug, Jack Pug
Comfort Dogs, Comfort Spaniels
Colors Available:
black, apricot - blend of two colors, Fawn
Rich red shade with white, black and tan or even tri-colored
Coat:
Short and smooth or longer and rough
Medium length and silky
Shedding:
Moderate
Moderate
Temperament:
Affectionate, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Curious, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Responsive, Social, Stubborn, Sweet, Territorial
Affectionate, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Curious, Energetic, Friendly, Gentle, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Responsive, Social, Sweet
Grooming:
Low maintenance
Moderate maintenance
Trainability:
Easy
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
No
No
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
Yes
Yes

History

jugThe Jug is a crossbreed – a mix of a pug and a Jack Russell Terrier and they were bred in England with the idea to keep the basic features of a pug but just with a longer nose.

Details on the origin of the dog are not altogether clear but the dog was developed so that it would reduce the breathing problems that pugs and other flat-faced breeds are known for.

This isn’t an old breed and development started around the 1960s. It is one of the most recent breeds to be registered by the American Canine Hybrid Club.

cavalier king charles spanielThe origin of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel goes back many centuries. It was in 1928 that this spaniel breed was separated from the smaller King Charles and these were particularly popular with royalty in England.

In fact, Mary, Queen of Scots had one of these spaniels who accompanied her to her beheading. It was her grandsons who gave their name to the breed, and King Charles II, who reigned from 1660 to 1685 kept these dogs. After Charles II's death, the dog’s popularity waned somewhat. The dog was later bred with pugs giving them the familiar features they have today, such as the domed head and the shorter nose.

Interest in the breed revived, and a breed -club was established, drawing up a breed standard. Finally, in 1945, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was recognized as a separate breed.

Description

jug puppyThe Jug will usually end up having a round head with the typical short muzzle of the Pug. He may be somewhat lighter in build than the Pug, taking more after the Jack Russell in this regard.

The way the dog turns out will depend on which dog the puppy takes after. He is a small breed dog standing at between 25 to 36cm at the withers and weighing 5 to 7kg.

When it comes to coat color you'll find they can vary between fawn, black, apricot and sometimes a blend of two colors. While pugs come with smoothish coats, the Jack Russell can either have a smooth or rough coat and your Jug could inherit either a smooth or rough coat.

He could inherit the Pug’s flat, somewhat wrinkled face while others may have a slightly longer muzzle. The eyes are large and the ears are floppy. The legs are short and the tail will no doubt be left long these days and be slightly curled.

Temperament:

The tenacious, fearless, intelligent nature of the Jack Russell Terrier mixed with the entertaining, amicable nature of the pug has brought out the Jug dog with a whole lot of excellent qualities of both dog breeds.

They are loving, loyal dogs and when they are trained and socialized they get on particularly well with both pets and children in the the home. He is intelligent and will be able to learn some simple commands such as sit, stay and lie down.

cavalier king charles spaniel puppyThe Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a small to medium sized dog wih its height being 31 – 33cm and its weight being 5 – 8 or 9 kg. He is known for his long, silky coat which is fairly straight and feathery.

He has floppy ears, and with this Spaniel breed the tail is generally left long and feathery. The coat comes in many different colors so you will find the popular rich red shade with white, he can be black and tan or even tri-color.

Temperament:

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is affectionate, playful and eager to please. He makes an excellent pet for children as well and gets on well with other pets in the home too.

They adapt quickly to different environments and will be happy in the city or in the country, so long as his owner is with him and meters out lots of love and attention. He is intelligent and responds well to training and socialization, turning him from a playful puppy into a relaxed, obedient adult dog.

The Cavalier loves to be active but he also loves to be quietly lying next to his owner. It is also why these dogs make such splendid companions for the elderly as well as being a good choice for therapy dogs.

Health Problems

jug dogYour jaunty little Jug can live anything from 12 to 20 years when looked after well.

Just like with any other dog however, he can become ill, and then you will need to get him to the vet as soon as possible. Allergies, breathing problems, bloat, primary lens luxation, skin disorders, deafness, cardiomyopathy and obesity are just some of the common dog diseases that your Jug might have to deal with.

Breathing Problems:

Because one of the dogs used in the development of the Jug is a Pug, as a brachycephalic breed, they could suffer with breathing problems. The Jug which inherits the shorter muzzles can suffer from a condition known as Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome.

Eye Problems:

Some Jugs can have the large, protruding or bulbous eyes of the Pug. With an eye problem known as Entropion, the lid of the eye can turn inward so that the eyelash pushes into the eyeball, causing lots of redness, discharge and irritation. This can lead to an infection in the eye. You may notice your Jug constantly pawing at his eye.

Obesity:

This can be a real problem for your Jug and the extra weight will put additional strain on the dog’s heart and other organs and also affect his overall health and wellbeing.

cavalier king charles spaniel dogCavaliers are generally fairly healthy dogs but they are prone to mitral valve disease which can lead to heart failure. The heart as 4 chambers and each chamber has a one-way valve to keep blood from flowing backward. One of these is the mitral valve and it can leak over time resulting in a heart murmur. Dogs as young as 4 years of age can develop a murmur from a leaking mitral valve.

Congestive heart failure develops, your dog has a chronic cough and lacks stamina. A veterinary cardiologist may need to be called in to recommend some kind of medical intervention. The vet will evaluate your pet's condition and lifestyle before making a recommendation.

Other health problems which the Cavalier might have to contend with will be luxating patella as well as eye issues.

Patellar Luxation:

This condition affects toy breeds, occuring when the kneecaps slip out of place. It can be severe enough to cause lameness in the dogs leg, but fortunately it can be managed with an anti-inflammatory or even surgery.

Caring The Pet

Exercise:

jug puppiesSmall he may be, but the Jug is an energetic little dog who will require exercising to keep him content. Toys to chew on are good and you can take him for walks too. Throw a ball for him or let him tug on a rope.

Diet:

To keep your little Jug healthy and happy, you want to be sure that his diet is made up of a balanced mix of vitamins and minerals. If you feed him a commercially manufactured food, make sure that its one of the best ones free of toxic colorants and preservatives.

Check on the packaging for portion sizes for your pet. Give him some home-made food too such as cooked chicken, rice, pasta and vegetables and try to also include some raw meat mixed into his kibble from time to time. Fresh, cool water should always be included day and night.

With healthy food, your Jug can make it to 17, 18, 19 or 20 years of age even. Remember that anytime you get a pet, you can check with your veterinarian for dietary recommendations.

Grooming:

The Jug can shed quite a bit, particularly if he inherited more of the Pug coat. Make sure you brush his coat at least twice a week to rid him of loose hairs. Brushing also strengthens the bond between you and your pet.

General:

Recognize the signs of an ear problem. These can be redness or swelling, ear scratching, head shaking or ear discharge.

To keep his teeth and gums healthy you can provide him with safe, appropriate toys to chew on as well as dental chews recommended by your vet.

Check your dog’s eye health. Signs of an eye problem are eye discharge and redness. Take your pet to the vet as soon as possible and try and remove hair around the eye that could be causing irritation.

Brushing:

cavalier king charles spaniel puppiesThe Cavalier Spaniel’s long silky coat will require brushing at least twice a week to remove loose hairs and to keep it healthy and shiny. This is one spaniel however, that won’t require trimming. However, because he loves to be playing outdoors, some owners do trim the dog’s feathers around the legs and paws.

Ear Checks:

As a dog with floppy ears, it will become essential to check his ears for wax build-up and moisture within the ears combined with dirt. This can lead to ear infections. Also the silky ears can be prone to matting. You can wash them gently with dog shampoo.

Dental Disease:

Smaller dogs like the Cavalier Spaniel are more likely to develop dental problems because of the structure of their skulls and jaws which are more compressed. Brush your dogs teeth 2 or 3 times a week with special canine tooth-paste and toothbrush.

Characteristics

jug dogsJugs are wonderful little dogs and they make a good choice for first time dog owners as they don’t come with any difficult characteristics.

They’re playful, intelligent, energetic and amicable and just love to please their human family. Because of his small size, he is also an adaptable dog, being able to settle down in the city or the country, as long as he is given enough mental- and physical exercise to prevent boredom and frustration.

Provide the right environment for your Jug and you’ve got an awesome canine friend for life.

cavalier king charles spaniel dogsThe Cavlier King Charles Spaniel is an affectionate, playful and eager-to-please dog breed that is good with children and other dogs. They will be happy to join you in any games you have in mind but will easily lie quietly beside you for companionship too.

This spaniel breed is exceptionally intelligent and can be easily trained and socialized, making them even better behaved dogs.

For their gentle, sweet nature, it is no wonder that they make such excellent therapy dogs for children and adults, and he is willing to be a wonderful friend to you too.

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