American Water Spaniel vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison

American Water Spaniel vs American Cocker SpanielBoth American Water Spaniel and American Cocker Spaniel are originated from United States. American Water Spaniel may grow 6 cm / 3 inches higher than American Cocker Spaniel. American Water Spaniel may weigh 6 kg / 14 pounds more than American Cocker Spaniel. Both American Water Spaniel and American Cocker Spaniel has almost same life span. Both American Water Spaniel and American Cocker Spaniel has almost same litter size. Both American Water Spaniel and American Cocker Spaniel requires Moderate maintenance.

Basic Information

Group:
Gun dog
Gun dog
Origin:
United States
United States
Height Male:
36 - 46 cm
14 - 19 inches
38 - 40 cm
14 - 16 inches
Height Female:
34 - 44 cm
13 - 18 inches
34 - 38 cm
13 - 15 inches
Weight Male:
11 - 20 kg
24 - 45 pounds
11 - 14 kg
24 - 31 pounds
Weight Female:
11 - 18 kg
24 - 40 pounds
7 - 12 kg
15 - 27 pounds
Life Span:
10 - 14 Years
12 - 15 Years
Litter Size:
4 - 6
1 - 7
Size:
Medium dog
Medium dog
Other Names:
Amerikanischer Wasserspaniel • AWS • AM Water Spaniel
Cocker Spaniel, Cocker
Colors Available:
Liver, Brown, Dark Chocolate
Black, black with tan, merle, buff ASCOB
Coat:
DOuble, Wavy and Curly, thick
Long, fine, shiney
Shedding:
Moderate
Moderate
Temperament:
Alert, Intelligent, Loyal, Protective, Quiet, Responsive, Stubborn, Territorial
Affectionate, Cheerful, Friendly, Gentle, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Responsive, Stubborn
Grooming:
Moderate maintenance
Moderate maintenance
Trainability:
Easy
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
No
No
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
No
Yes

History

american water spanielThe American Water Spaniel was developed in the United States. He is the state dog of Wisconsin and was developed there in the 19th century. The bloodlines of this spaniel are varied but certainly include the English Water Spaniel and the Irish Water Spaniel. Even though they are the state dog of Wisconsin they were almost extinct when Dr. Fred J. Pfeifer rescued the breed. The numbers had fallen after World War II because hunting was now a recreational sport and not needed to provide food for the family. He then started a breed club and wrote a breed standard, both of which were recognized by the United Kennel Club and the American Kennel Club. When first developed the American Water Spaniel was known as the American Brown Spaniel. It was bred with a curly, thick coat so that it cold be sustained in Wisconsin winters and cold water. It was bred to hunt grouse, water fowl and prairie chickens as well as furry land animals. Pfeifer advertised his dogs for sale everywhere using a mailer that read: “, "The American Brown Spaniel is distinctively an American production. Hunters have known this type for years and it was through their efforts that this dog was propagated.... For years we have bred only selective stock, breeding for gameness, stability, courage, intelligence, and beauty. They are dogs to admire and trust under all conditions whether in the home circle or in the field with the outdoor man."[2]

In Wisconsin, around the wolf River and the Fox River, hunters were looking for a water dog that could also hunt on land. They needed a dog that could work a variety of fowl and game but who was small enough for a skiff and strong enough for the artic water temperatures of Wisconsin in the Winter. So, in addition to the spaniels named above, other breeds such as the Curly Coated Retriever, the Poodle, Native Indian dogs and the Sussex Spaniel were intermixed. When first developed the American Water Spaniel was known as the American Brown Spaniel. It was bred with a curly, thick coat so that it cold be sustained in Wisconsin winters and cold water. It was bred to hunt grouse, water fowl and prairie chickens as well as furry land animals. The American Water Spaniel was then itself used to develop another new breed, the Boykin Spaniel. In 1985 Wisconsin declared the American Water Spaniel to be the official state dog. Even so there remain only a few thousand dogs in existence. Though recognized by the AKC, they are neither spaniels nor retrievers and remain unclassified. Because of this they cannot compete in AKC field trials, but they do compete in AKC hunt tests. Though rare, the American Water Spaniel is a great hunting dog, retriever and companion.

american cocker spanielDescended from the English Cocker Spaniel when the latter were brought to the United States in the late 1800s. American hunters wanted a smaller dog for bird hunting, so they crossed them with smaller spaniel breeds. The English and the American Cockers were considered the same breed until 1935 when the American Kennel Club officially separated them into 2 distinct breeds. After this the American Cocker’s popularity increased dramatically. To this day they are one of the most popular breeds in the U.S. Recently their popularity has spread back to England. The American Cocker Spaniel has evolved from a hunting dog life to a very popular family pet.

Description

american water spaniel puppyThe American Water spaniel is a midsized, muscular dog. There is nothing flashy about his looks or his work performance. He is however a consistent, competent swimmer and hunter. His brown coat is wavy or tightly curled, waterproof and dense. His feet have thick pads and webbed toes. The AWS is intelligent, happy, and easy going. He is a very versatile hunting dog on land and in water. The breed has not changed much since it originated in the 19th century. They can be liver, chocolate or brown. The eyes should be the same as the color of the coat. They have broad skulls with wide, long ears and an undocked tail.

They have a square, medium sized muzzle and wide nose. They have a bite that is level or scissors. The legs of the muscular American Water Spaniel are medium in length and the tail is full, with a medium length, curved and feathered. The dewclaws might or might not be removed.

american cocker spaniel puppyThe American Cocker spaniel is a sturdy dog of medium size. The have a rounded head with a broad and deep muzzle. The jaw is even and square while the teeth have a scissors bite. The American Cocker has round eyes that are almost always dark with the exception of the Merle who can have blue colored eyes. They have long ears and a docked tail in the U.S. Docking is illegal in most of Europe. The American Cocker bred for field hunts have shorter coats than those bred for show. Grooming is essential for this longhaired breed. It is especially important for the eyes and ears to be kept clean.

Health Problems

american water spaniel dogThe American Water Spaniel is a hardy, healthy breed without a lot of the genetic concerns of other breeds. Some of the concerns of this breed include vision, cardiac, hip dysplasia and degenerative myelopathy. They might also have skin issues and metabolic disorders.

american cocker spaniel dogPerhaps the least of the American Cocker Spaniel’s health concerns are the tendency to overeat and become obese. The more serious concerns include glaucoma, cataracts, dysplasia, allergies, Cherry eye, lip fold pyoderma, liver disease, cardiomyopathy, and congestive heart failure (CHF).

IMHA

The most serious health issue the breed faces is IMHA or Immune Mediated Hemolytic Anemia which can be deadly. In fact, it is almost always fatal and comes on quickly. With this condition the dog can bleed out internally and there is little that veterinary medicine can do.

Caring The Pet

Feeding

american water spaniel puppiesFeeding the American Water Spaniel is no mystery. They need a high quality dry dog food with an eye toward calorie consumption. Some AWS have a tendency to become obese. Treats are important to the AWS in training but can add to the obesity concerns.

Health

Like other isolated breeds that were bred true, the genetic issues we see in many other popular breeds are not seen as much in the American Water Spaniel. They do however have a few issues to contend with.

Eyes: These issues appear to be inherited with progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts. Many AWS that develop cataracts do so at a very young age, usually under a year. Metabolic: Diabetes, hypothyroidism, glandular disorders and epilepsy. Baldness and Cardiac Issues. Orthopedic: Hip dysplasia. There is no evidence to suggest any elbow dysplasia. Additional concerns are hypothyroidism, allergies, epilepsy, diabetes and glandular disorders which Of course, the American Water Spaniel is an athlete who loves to be outdoors. He loves to swim, run and hunt. He needs daily exercise, or he can become loud and destructive. They thrive on having a job and they are not happy if they don’t have one. They are good at agility, obedience, dock diving and field trials. They also enjoy flyball and barn hunt.

Feeding puppies and adults

american cocker spaniel puppiesThe American Cocker Spaniel breed requires attention to detail and making sure your puppy gets enough and your adult doesn’t get too much. Feed the pups twice a day until they reach the age of 4 months and then cut them back to the adult dose of once a day at supper time. Feed from a cup to a cup and a half.

Health Issues

not previously mentioned include Ectropion and Entropion, Prolapse of the nicititans gland, gastric torsion and elbow dysplasia. Have your puppy tested for eye diseases and any issues with the knee and hip. These are social dogs and will not do well alone outside. They need to live inside.

Exercise and games

The American Cockers love to play and need a lot of exercise. Nice long walks, games of fetch or even agility will keep your Cocker happy. have plenty of stamina and need regular exercise. They also enjoy a good hunt.

Characteristics

american water spaniel dogsBred to work the American Water Spaniels are loyal to their people, want to please them, but are not so great with strangers. They are stubborn and love to be the center of attention. They are often one person or one family dogs. They need an owner who is the pack leader and willing to put in the time to train them. However, they are a versatile breed and need variety in training and activities rather than repetitive activities. They are prone to resource guarding, slow maturation and dominance. These negative traits are dissipated with a strong leader, good training and a lot of daily activity. They are sensitive as well as stubborn. Do not use a punishment-oriented training with them. They will respond out of love and loyalty or not at all. This is a breed that wants to be the alpha over the people and will do so if you let him. Keep them fenced as being hunters they love to wander and will leave home whenever they can.

Favored Qualities

american cocker spaniel dogsThis is a gentle, happy dog. They are high energy, high spirited, friendly dogs who like people and other animals alike. They are happy to be with you and want to please you. He can find a home in the country and in the city alike. He is inquisitive and easy to train.

Potential Difficulties

But be warned they can be stubborn and hard to housebreak. They can be shy and need a lot of socialization as a pup. They can take over a household if you are not the strong pack leader they need. They have a tendency to urinate when excited and must live inside with the family. They are far too social to be left outside. An unhappy, unstable cocker can be into resource guarding of things, spaces and people. They can bark obsessively or be hyperactive. They must have a loving home with the family.

Comparison with other breeds

  1. English Springer Spaniel vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  2. Brittany vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  3. English Setter vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  4. French Brittany vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  5. Boykin Spaniel vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  6. Pudelpointer vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  7. American Water Spaniel vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  8. American Water Spaniel vs Barbet - Breed Comparison
  9. Picardy Spaniel vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  10. Braque d'Auvergne vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  11. Ariege Pointer vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  12. Pont-Audemer Spaniel vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  13. Irish Water Spaniel vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  14. Blue Picardy Spaniel vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  15. Canadian Pointer vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  16. Deutsch Drahthaar vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  17. Clumber Spaniel vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  18. Stabyhoun vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  19. Styrian Coarse Haired Hound vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  20. Vizsla vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  21. Large Munsterlander vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  22. Tyrolean Hound vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  23. Cockalier vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  24. Braque du Bourbonnais vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  25. Cesky Fousek vs American Water Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  26. English Springer Spaniel vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  27. Brittany vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  28. English Setter vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  29. French Brittany vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  30. Boykin Spaniel vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  31. Pudelpointer vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  32. Picardy Spaniel vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  33. Braque d'Auvergne vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  34. Barbet vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  35. Ariege Pointer vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  36. Pont-Audemer Spaniel vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  37. Irish Water Spaniel vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  38. Blue Picardy Spaniel vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  39. Canadian Pointer vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  40. Deutsch Drahthaar vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  41. Clumber Spaniel vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  42. Stabyhoun vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  43. Styrian Coarse Haired Hound vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  44. Vizsla vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  45. Large Munsterlander vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  46. Tyrolean Hound vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  47. Cockalier vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  48. Braque du Bourbonnais vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  49. Cesky Fousek vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison

Popular Dog Breeds