French Brittany vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison

French Brittany vs American Cocker SpanielFrench Brittany is originated from France but American Cocker Spaniel is originated from United States. French Brittany may grow 20 cm / 7 inches shorter than American Cocker Spaniel. French Brittany may weigh 6 kg / 14 pounds more than American Cocker Spaniel. Both French Brittany and American Cocker Spaniel has almost same life span. Both French Brittany and American Cocker Spaniel has almost same litter size. French Brittany requires Low maintenance. But American Cocker Spaniel requires Moderate maintenance

Basic Information

Group:
Gun dog
Gun dog
Origin:
France
United States
Height Male:
17 - 20 cm
6 - 8 inches
38 - 40 cm
14 - 16 inches
Height Female:
15 - 19 cm
5 - 8 inches
34 - 38 cm
13 - 15 inches
Weight Male:
14 - 20 kg
30 - 45 pounds
11 - 14 kg
24 - 31 pounds
Weight Female:
13 - 17 kg
28 - 38 pounds
7 - 12 kg
15 - 27 pounds
Life Span:
12 - 13 Years
12 - 15 Years
Litter Size:
5 - 8
1 - 7
Size:
Medium dog
Medium dog
Other Names:
Brittany Spaniel Brittany Wiegref Epagneul Breton French Brittany Spaniel
Cocker Spaniel, Cocker
Colors Available:
liver roan, black and white (not universally accepted), orange roan, Orange and white, black roan, liver and white, tricolor
Black, black with tan, merle, buff ASCOB
Coat:
flowing , medium length
Long, fine, shiney
Shedding:
Minimal
Moderate
Temperament:
Alert, Energetic, Friendly, Intelligent, Loving
Affectionate, Cheerful, Friendly, Gentle, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Responsive, Stubborn
Grooming:
Low maintenance
Moderate maintenance
Trainability:
Easy
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
No
No
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
Yes
Yes

History

french brittanyBrittanys are the product of France, actually developed in the Brittany Province. They are gun dogs designed to hunt birds. Referred to more often than not as a Spaniel their method of working is much more in line with the setters and pointers. They are believed to be developed somewhere between the 17th and 19th centuries, but not recognized until the 20th century. Orange and white dogs were portrayed on 17th century tapestries, hunting and retrieving. In 1850 the Reverend Davies wrote the first record of Brittanys that was verifiable.

The Brittany was recognized for the first time in 1907 as their own breed even though they participated in the Paris Dog Show in 1900. Once recognized the standards were written as well. It was not until 1931 that the breed was recognized in America and 1934 before the American Kennel Club approved them. Until 1982 they were known as the French Brittany Spaniel. The Spaniel was dropped in ’82. In the United Kingdom the Brittany is known as an HPR (Hunt, Point and Retrieve) breed and they do so with both birds and small game such as hares. The Brittany’s have more dual champions than any other American Kennel Club Sporting Breed in both Confirmation and Field Trials.

There are some differences between the current day French Brittany and the “American Brittany”. They are the same breed but different sub-sets and there are differences that can be noted between the two. The French Brittany is smaller than the newer American version and works closer to the hunter and the guns, while the American Brittany runs ahead of the hunter quite often. Some breeders however don’t consider these differences to be sub-sets and believe that the American breeders should accept the French standards reflecting the origin of the breed.

american cocker spanielDescended from the English Cocker Spaniel when the latter were brought to the United States in the late 1800s. American hunters wanted a smaller dog for bird hunting, so they crossed them with smaller spaniel breeds. The English and the American Cockers were considered the same breed until 1935 when the American Kennel Club officially separated them into 2 distinct breeds. After this the American Cocker’s popularity increased dramatically. To this day they are one of the most popular breeds in the U.S. Recently their popularity has spread back to England. The American Cocker Spaniel has evolved from a hunting dog life to a very popular family pet.

Description

french brittany puppyThe French Brittany is an energetic, compact, solid, athletic dog. They have average size heads, intelligent expressions, floppy ears, and a long, elastic and free gait. Most Brittanys are born with short tails but if not, they are docked outside the United Kingdom. Docking is illegal in the United Kingdom so those Brittanys might have a long tail.

Their coats are orange roan, orange and white and liver roan. A tricoat of orange, liver and white is allowed within a specific placement of the three colors.

american cocker spaniel puppyThe American Cocker spaniel is a sturdy dog of medium size. The have a rounded head with a broad and deep muzzle. The jaw is even and square while the teeth have a scissors bite. The American Cocker has round eyes that are almost always dark with the exception of the Merle who can have blue colored eyes. They have long ears and a docked tail in the U.S. Docking is illegal in most of Europe. The American Cocker bred for field hunts have shorter coats than those bred for show. Grooming is essential for this longhaired breed. It is especially important for the eyes and ears to be kept clean.

Health Problems

french brittany dogGenerally, a hardy breed that is mostly healthy, the Brittany in France usually lives on average 12 years 6 months. In the UK the average if 12 years and 11 months and many dogs living to be 14 or 15. Some of the health issues that might pop up for the Brittany include:

  1. Ear Infections
  2. Hip Dysplasia
  3. Canine Discoid Lupus Erythematosus
  4. Epilepsy

american cocker spaniel dogPerhaps the least of the American Cocker Spaniel’s health concerns are the tendency to overeat and become obese. The more serious concerns include glaucoma, cataracts, dysplasia, allergies, Cherry eye, lip fold pyoderma, liver disease, cardiomyopathy, and congestive heart failure (CHF).

IMHA

The most serious health issue the breed faces is IMHA or Immune Mediated Hemolytic Anemia which can be deadly. In fact, it is almost always fatal and comes on quickly. With this condition the dog can bleed out internally and there is little that veterinary medicine can do.

Caring The Pet

Feeding the puppy

french brittany puppiesFeed puppies a high quality puppy food designed for medium sized dogs. Give about one to one and a half cups per day in 2-3 meals.

Feeding the adult

For the adult French Brittany feed a high quality adult dry food designed for medium sized dogs. Give about two cups per day in 2 meals.

Points for Good Health

Excellent vision and scent

Games and Exercises

The French Brittany is an active and enthusiastic bird dog that loves to exercise. They have the stamina and drive that goes with an efficient and successful hunting dog. They need daily exercise, regular walks and excel at field trials and confirmation. They are also good at lure chase, flyball, rally and obedience.

Feeding puppies and adults

american cocker spaniel puppiesThe American Cocker Spaniel breed requires attention to detail and making sure your puppy gets enough and your adult doesn’t get too much. Feed the pups twice a day until they reach the age of 4 months and then cut them back to the adult dose of once a day at supper time. Feed from a cup to a cup and a half.

Health Issues

not previously mentioned include Ectropion and Entropion, Prolapse of the nicititans gland, gastric torsion and elbow dysplasia. Have your puppy tested for eye diseases and any issues with the knee and hip. These are social dogs and will not do well alone outside. They need to live inside.

Exercise and games

The American Cockers love to play and need a lot of exercise. Nice long walks, games of fetch or even agility will keep your Cocker happy. have plenty of stamina and need regular exercise. They also enjoy a good hunt.

Characteristics

1.Children

french brittany dogsVery friendly with children

Special talents

Dual champions in Field Trials and Confirmation. They both point and retrieve.

Adaptability

They are not as adaptable as some hunting breeds. They are very active and need space both indoors and out. They are not recommended for life in apartments in the city. A rural environment is best. They do not adapt well to the damp and cold weather.

Learning ability

They are very intelligent and have very high learning ability.

Favored Qualities

american cocker spaniel dogsThis is a gentle, happy dog. They are high energy, high spirited, friendly dogs who like people and other animals alike. They are happy to be with you and want to please you. He can find a home in the country and in the city alike. He is inquisitive and easy to train.

Potential Difficulties

But be warned they can be stubborn and hard to housebreak. They can be shy and need a lot of socialization as a pup. They can take over a household if you are not the strong pack leader they need. They have a tendency to urinate when excited and must live inside with the family. They are far too social to be left outside. An unhappy, unstable cocker can be into resource guarding of things, spaces and people. They can bark obsessively or be hyperactive. They must have a loving home with the family.

Comparison with other breeds

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  33. Braque d'Auvergne vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  34. Barbet vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  35. Ariege Pointer vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  36. Pont-Audemer Spaniel vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  37. Irish Water Spaniel vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  38. Blue Picardy Spaniel vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  39. Canadian Pointer vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  40. Deutsch Drahthaar vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  41. Clumber Spaniel vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  42. Stabyhoun vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  43. Styrian Coarse Haired Hound vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  44. Vizsla vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  45. Large Munsterlander vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  46. Tyrolean Hound vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  47. Cockalier vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  48. Braque du Bourbonnais vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  49. Cesky Fousek vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison

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