Braque d'Auvergne vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
American Eskimo Dog is originated from United States but Braque d'Auvergne is originated from France. American Eskimo Dog may grow 17 cm / 6 inches shorter than Braque d'Auvergne. American Eskimo Dog may weigh 46 kg / 101 pounds lesser than Braque d'Auvergne. Both American Eskimo Dog and Braque d'Auvergne has same life span. American Eskimo Dog may have less litter size than Braque d'Auvergne. American Eskimo Dog requires High Maintenance. But Braque d'Auvergne requires Low Maintenance
The American Eskimo is derived from the Nordic Spitz breed and most closely related to the German Spitz in particular. There were many German Spitzes in the United States at the time of the second World War and anti-German sentiment caused its name to change to the American Eskimo Dog. However, as the breed developed over time in the States, the American Eskimo became its own separate breed. In addition to the German Spitz, the American Eskimo is also related to the white Keeshond, the Samoyed, the white Italian Spitz and the white Pomeranian. The history is beginning to show that the Spitzes that were brought to the US in the early 1900’s was white. This color was not popular in Europe but was quickly the favorite in the United States. They were originally working dogs on farms and ranches. They have excellent herding instincts, make goo watch and guard dogs, and good law enforcement sniff dogs. However, their first introduction to the American public was through the Cooper Brothers’ Railroad Circus and Stout’s Pal Pierre at the Barnum and Baily Circus. Eskimo puppies were sold after the circus show.
It was then that the breed became one of America’s favorite breeds and they quickly became house pets. Following World War II, Japan exported the Japanese Spitz into America and it was crossed with the Eskimo also. The American Eskimo Dog breed was not recognized by AKC until 1985. Still in 1958 there was no official breed club in the States but there were growing numbers of the dogs. It was not until 1970 did the National American Eskimo Dog Association (NAEDA) come into being. They collected the pedigrees of the first 1750 dogs to be AKC registered.
Since the American Eskimo Dog is not recognized internationally, those wishing to participate in international competition such as England’s prestigious Cruft’s Dog Show must register their dogs a German Spitz. Despite this the American Eskimo and German Spitz remain two very different breeds.
Sometime over 5 centuries ago, in the Cantal Region of France, was born a hunting breed, that might be the real ancestor of today’s pointing hunter dogs. Perhaps the oldest of all pointing gun dog is the Braque d’Auvergne. This breed comes from Central France in the region of Auvergne. This breed was developed prior to written dog breeding records in order to hunt in this region and find, point, flush out and retrieve fowl. This breed is clearly one of if not the oldest breeds in the French Braque. There is no agreement among historians on what breed is the oldest of the European pointing dogs and where they were developed – was it Spain or was it France? It is thought that the Braque Francais Gascogne is the original one of these in the early 1600’s while the Braque d’Auvergne came soon after. Due to the different hunting needs in the different parts of France, the Braque Francais Gascogne was crossed with a lot of other local scent hounds. The Braque d’Auvergne is one of the very oldest of all of these. There are records of the breeds existence in the 1700’s. It is probable that the Braque d’Auvergne was developed by crossing local dogs with Gascogne as well as with the Petit Bleu de Gascogne and the Grand Bleu de Gascogne.
In all of Western Europe, the region of Auvergne is not very populated and has unique geography in that is hilly and has many extinct and eroded volcanoes. A lot of the region is still unpopulated. In this environment, wildlife has flourished, and hunting is successful in providing food for the regions people. This circumstance with an abundance of birds, led to the breeding of the Braque Auvergne to specialize in hunting in this area. The breed is not very popular outside of Auvergne and probably never was. That fact allowed them to be devastated by the Second World War. The Reunion des Amateurs de Braque d’Auvergne (RABA) was started to promote the pure breeding and the protection of the d’Auvergnes. But when Auvergnes was occupied during the war, the slowed breeding of the Braque d ‘ Auvergne almost eliminated the breed. There might have only been about 25 dogs left following the end of the war. These remaining dogs were used to revive the breed, but it is still uncommon, but not rare. Individuals have been imported by other countries including North America. The United Kennel Club (UKC) accepted the breed in 2006 but is not accepted by the AKC (American Kennel Club). The breed is still a working breed and outside of France, very rare.
This small to medium dog is beautiful and resembles a miniature Samoyed. There are three sizes of American Eskimo – the standard, miniature, and the toy. The Eskimo’s head is wedge shaped with tall, triangular, erect ears. It has a heavily plumed tail with a sharp curl over the back. The Eskimo can burst into bold action due to their good legs and feet.
The coat is a double one with a harsh outer coat and plush inner one. The coat is always white or white with cream or biscuit markings, and visible skin in gray or pink. The American Eskimo’s ruff or mane is very heavy, and the nose, eyelids, pads and gums are black. They have dark eyes and blue are not allowed.
The Braque d’Auvergne is a well built, strong hunting dog with long ears, a large head and a docked tail. His coat is white with black markings and black ears and head. The breed looks a lot like all the other pointing dogs from France. They are medium in stature and has the appearance of a working gundog. He is athletic, muscular and fit. Docking the tail is outlawed in many countries and all of the United Kingdom. In that case the tail is high on the rump and always straight. Their face and head are big for the size of the body and shaped like an oval. With a long muzzle, deep set eyes and a gentle expression, they are kindly and handsome dogs. Their skin is loose but not droopy or wrinkled like hound dogs.
We deal with PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy in greater detain in a following section but it is not as destructive as it used to be. It is much more treatable now.
There are potentially some dental issues that soem American Eskimo Dogs are prone to.
The Braque d’Auvergne is a healthy breed but can face some of the same health concerns as other pointers and hunting dogs. The long, droopy ears can get infected easily if wet and need to be cleaned regularly so that food or dirt are not trapped their either. Because of the small gene pool however they may be at risk for several issues. The breeders in France express concerns about possible hip dysplasia and testing is highly recommended. Because they are at risk for other conditions that might not show up until later in life, it is also recommended that they be tested by the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) as well as the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA).
Caring The Pet
Your American Eskimo Dog needs a high quality food so they will not get overweight. Make sure you know how much is appropriate for your particular dog and her specific age. The puppies should be fed twice a day but adults only once.
As previously mentioned the American Eskimo Dog is prone to eye issue such as Progressive Retinal Atrophy or (PRA) – this disease is inherited and used to cause blindness as the rods in the retina died. New medical discoveries mean this is no longer a hopeless disease. Their eyes are also susceptible to other issues so make sure you check them and the tear ducts regularly.
Like so many other breeds the American Eskimo is also susceptible to hip dysplasia and a moving patella in the knee. For this reason watch their weight. They can also be very allergic.
Exercise and games
This small dog has more energy than his size can handle. He needs a lot of exercise and a place to run. If he will become hyperactive and destructive. They are prone to disturbing behaviors such as spinning (spinning in circles) when they don’t get enough exercise. The American Eskimo Dog is smart and agile, Play games like catch or agility. They are also great at herding, competitive obedience or detection.
The Braque d’Auvergne needs a high-quality diet fit for a working dog but not too much to make him obese. They are an active breed to choose a formula that is designed for working dogs.
Although no studies have been conducted on the Braque d’Auvergne’s health issues there are many conditions that similar breeds are susceptible to and the d’Auvergne might be as well. This includes any of the following:
- Dysplasia – elbow and hip
- Cleft Palate or Cleft Lip.
- Aortic Stenosis (Narrowing of the aorta)
- Luxating Patella or moving kneecaps
- PRA or Progressive Retinal Atrophy
- Demodex/Demodicosis/Demodectic Mange
Exercise and games
This is an active, working dog who needs a lot of stimulation and exercise. The only real appropriate exercise for these dogs is hunting or outings in the woods. He not only needs the exercise, but he also needs to stimulate his sense of smell and his gundog intelligence. He might excel in lure chase or even a form or barn hunt. They certainly could excel at obedience trials and perhaps rally. If you are a weekend hunter then this is the ideal dog for you. They are so easy to train that they surpass other pointers for success with casual hunters. They hunt at a slower pace than many other gundogs. Their intelligence and athleticism lend itself well to agility and flyball also. They need a large (+acres)fenced in area to run and play.
The Eskimo is affectionate, playful and love children of all ages. They are intelligent and want to please you. They can be trained easily and are champions of the obedience trial. They are fun and confident. At the same time, they need a confident pack leader. He is prone to Little Dog Syndrome where the dog thinks they oversee the home and display all sorts of behaviors. Under these circumstances the American Eskimo can become obsessive, aggressive, and engaging in obsessive resource guarding and barking.
This is a gentle, adaptable and obedient breed. With their intelligence and affectionate nature, they make great family dogs and are eager to please their people. Living with other dogs is fine but not with small, prey size animals. The Braque d’Auvergne should never be left alone pets like gerbils and hamsters. They must be socialized to cats as pets and not prey before living with them successfully. They need to work closely with one human partner. They are first and foremost a hunting dog and need some sort of hunting simulation. They are devoted to their families and want to be constantly in their presence. This can lead to separation anxiety if they are left alone too much. They are great with children and need a family.
Comparison with other breeds
- American Eskimo Dog vs English Bulldog - Breed Comparison
- American Eskimo Dog vs German Shepherd - Breed Comparison
- American Eskimo Dog vs Golden Retriever - Breed Comparison
- American Eskimo Dog vs Labrador Retriever - Breed Comparison
- American Eskimo Dog vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
- American Eskimo Dog vs French Bulldog - Breed Comparison
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- American Eskimo Dog vs Yorkshire Terrier - Breed Comparison
- American Eskimo Dog vs Poodle - Breed Comparison
- American Eskimo Dog vs Rottweiler - Breed Comparison
- American Eskimo Dog vs Boxer - Breed Comparison
- American Eskimo Dog vs English Pointer - Breed Comparison
- American Eskimo Dog vs Siberian Husky - Breed Comparison
- American Eskimo Dog vs Doberman Pinscher - Breed Comparison
- American Eskimo Dog vs American Bully - Breed Comparison
- American Eskimo Dog vs Abruzzenhund - Breed Comparison
- American Eskimo Dog vs Affenpinscher - Breed Comparison
- American Eskimo Dog vs Afghan Hound - Breed Comparison
- American Eskimo Dog vs Aidi - Breed Comparison
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- American Eskimo Dog vs Atlas Terrier - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs English Bulldog - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs German Shepherd - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Golden Retriever - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Labrador Retriever - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs French Bulldog - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Beagle - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Yorkshire Terrier - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Poodle - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Rottweiler - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Boxer - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs English Pointer - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Siberian Husky - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Doberman Pinscher - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs American Bully - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Abruzzenhund - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Affenpinscher - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Afghan Hound - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Aidi - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Airedale Terrier - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Akbash Dog - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Akita - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Africanis - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Askal - Breed Comparison
- Braque d'Auvergne vs Atlas Terrier - Breed Comparison