Jack Russell Terrier vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison

Jack Russell Terrier vs American Eskimo DogJack Russell Terrier is originated from United Kingdom but American Eskimo Dog is originated from United States. Jack Russell Terrier may grow 10 cm / 3 inches shorter than American Eskimo Dog. Jack Russell Terrier may weigh 8 kg / 17 pounds lesser than American Eskimo Dog. Both Jack Russell Terrier and American Eskimo Dog has almost same life span. Jack Russell Terrier may have more litter size than American Eskimo Dog. Jack Russell Terrier requires Low maintenance. But American Eskimo Dog requires High maintenance

Basic Information

Group:
Terrier dog
Herding dogs
Origin:
United Kingdom
United States
Height Male:
25 - 38 cm
9 - 15 inches
23 - 48 cm
9 - 19 inches
Height Female:
25 - 38 cm
9 - 15 inches
23 - 40 cm
9 - 16 inches
Weight Male:
6 - 8 kg
13 - 18 pounds
4 - 16 kg
8 - 36 pounds
Weight Female:
6 - 8 kg
13 - 18 pounds
3 - 12 kg
6 - 27 pounds
Life Span:
12 - 16 Years
13 - 15 Years
Litter Size:
4 - 8
1 - 5
Size:
Small dog
Small dog
Other Names:
JRT, Jack
, Spitz
Colors Available:
black, White with orange or fawn colored patches - tri-color - white, tan
White with cream or biscuit markings
Coat:
Short and smooth or longer and rough
Heavy, thick, double
Shedding:
Moderate
Moderate
Temperament:
Affectionate, Aggressive, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Curious, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Responsive, Social, Stubborn, Territorial
Affectionate, Alert, Courageous, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Stubborn
Grooming:
Low maintenance
High maintenance
Trainability:
Easy
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
No
No
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
Yes
Yes

History

jack russell terrierThe popular Jack Russell Terrier was developed in Devonshire in the south of England in the late 1800's so as to hunt foxes.

Often believed to be the Parson Russell Terrier, the Jack Russell Terrier was developed by Parson John Russell. This is where the dog gets his breed name from. Some people get the Jack Russell Terrier a little bit mixed up with the Parson Russell terrier, when it fact its actually a different breed, but sharing a common ancestry.

The Jack Russell Terrier is smaller than the Parson and bigger than the Russell Terrier. The breed became known in the U.S. by the 1930s and the Jack Russell Terrier Association of America wanted recognition by the American Kennel Club, which was granted in 2000.

american eskimo dogThe American Eskimo is derived from the Nordic Spitz breed and most closely related to the German Spitz in particular. There were many German Spitzes in the United States at the time of the second World War and anti-German sentiment caused its name to change to the American Eskimo Dog. However, as the breed developed over time in the States, the American Eskimo became its own separate breed. In addition to the German Spitz, the American Eskimo is also related to the white Keeshond, the Samoyed, the white Italian Spitz and the white Pomeranian. The history is beginning to show that the Spitzes that were brought to the US in the early 1900’s was white. This color was not popular in Europe but was quickly the favorite in the United States. They were originally working dogs on farms and ranches. They have excellent herding instincts, make goo watch and guard dogs, and good law enforcement sniff dogs. However, their first introduction to the American public was through the Cooper Brothers’ Railroad Circus and Stout’s Pal Pierre at the Barnum and Baily Circus. Eskimo puppies were sold after the circus show.

It was then that the breed became one of America’s favorite breeds and they quickly became house pets. Following World War II, Japan exported the Japanese Spitz into America and it was crossed with the Eskimo also. The American Eskimo Dog breed was not recognized by AKC until 1985. Still in 1958 there was no official breed club in the States but there were growing numbers of the dogs. It was not until 1970 did the National American Eskimo Dog Association (NAEDA) come into being. They collected the pedigrees of the first 1750 dogs to be AKC registered.

Since the American Eskimo Dog is not recognized internationally, those wishing to participate in international competition such as England’s prestigious Cruft’s Dog Show must register their dogs a German Spitz. Despite this the American Eskimo and German Spitz remain two very different breeds.

Description

jack russell terrier puppyThe Jack Russell Terrier is a small dog that weighs between 6 and 8kg and stands at between 25 – 38cm. The body length of the dog should be in proportion to the height.

He is essentially a white dog with orange or fawn colored patches. The coat is mostly smooth and short, but the coat can also be longer and rough or it can be broken which is a combination of rough and smooth. Regardless of coat type, they are dense, double coats which will require brushing at least twice a week to remove loose hairs. He may also be tri-colored such as being white with black and tan patches.

He has alert, bright dark brown eyes and ears which are somewhat erect and which flop over at the tips. The tail has always been traditionally docked, giving him an attractive, compact look about him but unfortunately the tail is often left long on the dog these days.

Temperament:

Your Jack Russell Terrier is a lively, tenacious, bold, fearless, feisty, cheeky, confident, independent, intelligent and full of life dog. He is super energetic and exuberant, spirited and full of personality.

There are some dog owners who are exhausted by him and would prefer a more quieter dog breed as their companion. Nonetheless he has some excellent characteristics such as being a totally devoted and loving dog.

It is why it is a good idea to have him trained and socialized as it calms him down and makes him more obedient. He is very intelligent and training him will be easy.

american eskimo dog puppyThis small to medium dog is beautiful and resembles a miniature Samoyed. There are three sizes of American Eskimo – the standard, miniature, and the toy. The Eskimo’s head is wedge shaped with tall, triangular, erect ears. It has a heavily plumed tail with a sharp curl over the back. The Eskimo can burst into bold action due to their good legs and feet.

The coat is a double one with a harsh outer coat and plush inner one. The coat is always white or white with cream or biscuit markings, and visible skin in gray or pink. The American Eskimo’s ruff or mane is very heavy, and the nose, eyelids, pads and gums are black. They have dark eyes and blue are not allowed.

Health Problems

jack russell terrier dogThis particular dog breed has a reputation for being healthy and living to a good age such as 16 or 17 years of age. Of course he needs to be given proper care to reach such a good age.

Some common dog disorders you might want to be aware of are -

Eye disorders:

Lens luxation is actually a common hereditary disorder in these dogs, but even so, with good care, your dog isn’t likely to battle with it. What happens is that the lens in the eye becomes displaced. There are two types, with Posterior luxation being the lesser severe one.Treatment is available.

Musculoskeletal conditions:

Patellar luxation is an hereditary disorder affecting the knees of the dog. The kneecap slips off the groove where it sits and you may notice your dog running while holding his hind leg in the air. It can sometimes slip back in place and then you see your dog running in his usual way. It becomes more serious when it affects both legs.

american eskimo dog dogThe American Eskimo Dog is prone to hip dysplasia. Their eyes and tear ducts are potential issues with progressive retinal atrophy. They are allergic to fleas and have a tendency to be overweight.

We deal with PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy in greater detain in a following section but it is not as destructive as it used to be. It is much more treatable now.

There are potentially some dental issues that soem American Eskimo Dogs are prone to.

Caring The Pet

Exercise:

jack russell terrier puppiesThe Jack Russell Terrier isn’t just a small dog that can be left to his own devices. He will need proper training and socialization early in life to make him obedient and better to get on with.

He may be a small dog, but he certainly won’t do in the city where he is cooped up in a place with a handkerchief of a garden. He needs lots of space to run and play. He wants his human family to join in with walks, hikes, ball games and swimming.

Diet:

You can buy excellent commercially manufactured dog food which caters for energetic small dog breeds like the Jack Russell Terrier.

Once you have selected the best one for your pet, with dry kibble being better in terms of dental health - you can also add in some brown rice, vegetables and cooked chicken. This is highly beneficial to all dog breeds. A little bit of raw meat can sometimes be added in too.

The bottom line is to to prevent your pet from eating foods high in preservatives, additives and fillers. Never leave your pet without a constant supply of fresh, cool water.

Feeding

american eskimo dog puppiesYour American Eskimo Dog needs a high quality food so they will not get overweight. Make sure you know how much is appropriate for your particular dog and her specific age. The puppies should be fed twice a day but adults only once.

Health issues

As previously mentioned the American Eskimo Dog is prone to eye issue such as Progressive Retinal Atrophy or (PRA) – this disease is inherited and used to cause blindness as the rods in the retina died. New medical discoveries mean this is no longer a hopeless disease. Their eyes are also susceptible to other issues so make sure you check them and the tear ducts regularly.

Like so many other breeds the American Eskimo is also susceptible to hip dysplasia and a moving patella in the knee. For this reason watch their weight. They can also be very allergic.

Exercise and games

This small dog has more energy than his size can handle. He needs a lot of exercise and a place to run. If he will become hyperactive and destructive. They are prone to disturbing behaviors such as spinning (spinning in circles) when they don’t get enough exercise. The American Eskimo Dog is smart and agile, Play games like catch or agility. They are also great at herding, competitive obedience or detection.

Characteristics

jack russell terrier dogsWith loads of vibrant personality, the energetic Jack Russell Terrier has got so many wonderful characteristics to his name – devotion, intelligence, charming, lively, playful and he is an entertainer – you’ll always be laughing a him.

You do need to pay him attention – you can’t just plonk him in your backyard and forget about him. He wants your love and attention and ignoring him can lead to problem behavior such as obsessive barking.

Give your Jack Russell Terrier all the love and care he needs, and you’ll have an exceptional pet and friend.

american eskimo dog dogsThe Eskimo is affectionate, playful and love children of all ages. They are intelligent and want to please you. They can be trained easily and are champions of the obedience trial. They are fun and confident. At the same time, they need a confident pack leader. He is prone to Little Dog Syndrome where the dog thinks they oversee the home and display all sorts of behaviors. Under these circumstances the American Eskimo can become obsessive, aggressive, and engaging in obsessive resource guarding and barking.

Comparison with other breeds

  1. Jack Russell Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  2. Jack Russell Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  3. Jack Russell Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  4. Jack Russell Terrier vs Border Terrier - Breed Comparison
  5. Jack Russell Terrier vs Australian Terrier - Breed Comparison
  6. Jack Russell Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  7. Jack Russell Terrier vs Bull Terrier Miniature - Breed Comparison
  8. Jack Russell Terrier vs English White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  9. Jack Russell Terrier vs Feist - Breed Comparison
  10. Jack Russell Terrier vs Dandie Dinmont Terrier - Breed Comparison
  11. Jack Russell Terrier vs Cesky Terrier - Breed Comparison
  12. Jack Russell Terrier vs Glen of Imaal Terrier - Breed Comparison
  13. Jack Russell Terrier vs Chilean Fox Terrier - Breed Comparison
  14. Jack Russell Terrier vs Black and Tan Terrier - Breed Comparison
  15. Jack Russell Terrier vs Cairland Terrier - Breed Comparison
  16. Jack Russell Terrier vs Fell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  17. Miniature Schnauzer vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  18. Rat Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  19. Scottish Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  20. Patterdale Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  21. Norwich Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  22. Norfolk Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  23. Parson Russell Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  24. Russell Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  25. Manchester Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  26. Corgi vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  27. Miniature Australian Shepherd vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  28. Cardigan Welsh Corgi vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  29. Shetland Sheepdog vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  30. Toy Australian Shepherd vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  31. Welsh Corgi vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  32. Pomeranian vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  33. Maltese vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  34. Pug vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  35. Boston Terrier vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  36. Maltipoo vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  37. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  38. Bichon Frise vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  39. Dachshund vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  40. Jack Russell Terrier vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  41. Cockapoo vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  42. Cavapoo vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  43. Miniature Schnauzer vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  44. Cavachon vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  45. Mal-Shi vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  46. American Eskimo Dog vs Beagle - Breed Comparison
  47. American Eskimo Dog vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  48. American Eskimo Dog vs Australian Terrier - Breed Comparison
  49. American Eskimo Dog vs Australian Silky Terrier - Breed Comparison

View/Compare Breeds

Popular Dog Breeds