Miniature Schnauzer vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison

Miniature Schnauzer vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed ComparisonMiniature Schnauzer is originated from Germany but American Eskimo Dog is originated from United States. Miniature Schnauzer may grow 12 cm / 4 inches shorter than American Eskimo Dog. Miniature Schnauzer may weigh 6 kg / 13 pounds lesser than American Eskimo Dog. Both Miniature Schnauzer and American Eskimo Dog has same life span. Miniature Schnauzer may have more litter size than American Eskimo Dog. Miniature Schnauzer requires Moderate maintenance. But American Eskimo Dog requires High maintenance

History

miniature schnauzer - historyMiniature Schnauzers were first bred in Germany in the 19th century being bred from Affenpinschers and Standard Schnauzers.

This dog was always used to control rats on farms, but these days he is more a companion. It is believed that the start of the modern Miniature Schnauzer in the United States was around 1924 when dogs were imported from Germany.

It was in 1933 that the Miniature Schnauzer was recognized by the AKC as a separate breed from the Standard Schnauzer.

american eskimo dog - historyThe American Eskimo is derived from the Nordic Spitz breed and most closely related to the German Spitz in particular. There were many German Spitzes in the United States at the time of the second World War and anti-German sentiment caused its name to change to the American Eskimo Dog. However, as the breed developed over time in the States, the American Eskimo became its own separate breed. In addition to the German Spitz, the American Eskimo is also related to the white Keeshond, the Samoyed, the white Italian Spitz and the white Pomeranian. The history is beginning to show that the Spitzes that were brought to the US in the early 1900’s was white. This color was not popular in Europe but was quickly the favorite in the United States. They were originally working dogs on farms and ranches. They have excellent herding instincts, make goo watch and guard dogs, and good law enforcement sniff dogs. However, their first introduction to the American public was through the Cooper Brothers’ Railroad Circus and Stout’s Pal Pierre at the Barnum and Baily Circus. Eskimo puppies were sold after the circus show.

It was then that the breed became one of America’s favorite breeds and they quickly became house pets. Following World War II, Japan exported the Japanese Spitz into America and it was crossed with the Eskimo also. The American Eskimo Dog breed was not recognized by AKC until 1985. Still in 1958 there was no official breed club in the States but there were growing numbers of the dogs. It was not until 1970 did the National American Eskimo Dog Association (NAEDA) come into being. They collected the pedigrees of the first 1750 dogs to be AKC registered.

Since the American Eskimo Dog is not recognized internationally, those wishing to participate in international competition such as England’s prestigious Cruft’s Dog Show must register their dogs a German Spitz. Despite this the American Eskimo and German Spitz remain two very different breeds.

Description

miniature schnauzer puppy - descriptionThe Miniature Schnauzer is a small dog breed that stands between 30 to 36cm in height and weighs between 5 and 10kg.

He has a sturdy body with a dense, wiry coat which most people prefer to have stripped. Because stripping is quite tedious, many of these dog owners prefer to have the coat clipped which actually gives the coat a greyish look to it.

The coat is usually a mix of black and silver. Some people refer to the Miniature Schnauzer as having a salt-and-pepper coat – hairs that are a mix of black and white. The dog has a double coat with the outer coat being wiry and the undercoat being a lot softer.

This is a dog that will need to be groomed frequently to prevent matting. A noticeable feature with these dogs is the rectangular shaped head with alert slanted eyes and bushy eyebrows, mustache and beard. In fact the word ‘Schnauzer’ means beard or muzzle.

The ears have been traditionally cropped but these days they are left and then they tend to be half-erect, half-floppy.

Temperament:

This is a tough little dog, fearless, cheeky, arrogant, alert and also friendly. A draw-card with him is that he is considered as a low-shedder and being hypoallergenic.

They’re very intelligent dogs too and will learn quickly when you give him training and socialization. This is important for a dog like this as he can quickly show you that he is strong willed and independent. Training and socialization makes him much nicer as he becomes more balanced and obedient.

He is full of life and extroverted and you can count on him to join you wherever you are and whatever you’re doing. Whether watching TV, swimming or hiking, he’ll be there and turn every occasion into a festive event. He is a loving, loyal dog, making a splendid pet.

He's protective of his human family and tends to be suspicious of strangers, and this is what makes him such a great watchdog.

american eskimo dog puppy - descriptionThis small to medium dog is beautiful and resembles a miniature Samoyed. There are three sizes of American Eskimo – the standard, miniature, and the toy. The Eskimo’s head is wedge shaped with tall, triangular, erect ears. It has a heavily plumed tail with a sharp curl over the back. The Eskimo can burst into bold action due to their good legs and feet.

The coat is a double one with a harsh outer coat and plush inner one. The coat is always white or white with cream or biscuit markings, and visible skin in gray or pink. The American Eskimo’s ruff or mane is very heavy, and the nose, eyelids, pads and gums are black. They have dark eyes and blue are not allowed.

Characteristics

miniature schnauzer dog - characteristicsMiniature Schnauzers are such adaptable little dogs, quite happy to make a home with you in the city or in the countryside.

They’re sociable dogs, so just being with his human family wherever they are will suit him well. If he lives in the city however, he will need to have a walk everyday or taken to the park for a run.

He is also a dog that scarcely sheds, so he suits people battling with allergies. With an average life expectancy of 12 to 14 years, if you nurture your Mini Schnauzer and give him the best food and exercise there is, as well as loving him, you’re going to have a loyal and devoted pet.

american eskimo dog dog - characteristicsThe Eskimo is affectionate, playful and love children of all ages. They are intelligent and want to please you. They can be trained easily and are champions of the obedience trial. They are fun and confident. At the same time, they need a confident pack leader. He is prone to Little Dog Syndrome where the dog thinks they oversee the home and display all sorts of behaviors. Under these circumstances the American Eskimo can become obsessive, aggressive, and engaging in obsessive resource guarding and barking.

Health Problems

miniature schnauzer puppies - health problemsYour Miniature Schnauzer is pretty healthy and he isn’t likely to cost you much in terms of vet fees. There are however some common dog problems that you want to be aware of such as cataracts of the eye and hypothyroidism.

Cataract:

This a a problem in the lens of the eye. The lens should be clear, and when a dog has a cataract, it obscures the vision. The size of the cataract can lead to blindness.

Diabetes in a dog can bring on cataracts as can genetics or damage to the eye from exposure to ultraviolet light. Fortunately, dogs with cataracts can still see. Dogs with old cataracts can have surgery to remove them.

When a dog owner suspects a cataract in their pet’s eye it is best to treat it immediately with anti-inflammatory dog cataract eye drops. Cataracts never go away however without surgery.

Hypothyroidism:

The thyroid gland in the neck produces a hormone called thyroxine. It controls metabolism, but with hypothyroidism, enough of the hormone isn’t made. Its a common disease which affects all dog breeds.

Signs of hypothyroidism include hair loss, weight gain, intolerance to cold and a troublesome skin. To have the disease diagnosed, the vet will do a series of blood tests.

american eskimo dog puppies - health problemsThe American Eskimo Dog is prone to hip dysplasia. Their eyes and tear ducts are potential issues with progressive retinal atrophy. They are allergic to fleas and have a tendency to be overweight.

We deal with PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy in greater detain in a following section but it is not as destructive as it used to be. It is much more treatable now.

There are potentially some dental issues that soem American Eskimo Dogs are prone to.

Caring The Pet

miniature schnauzer dogs - caringLet’s look at several ways you need to care for your Miniature Schnauzer -

Make sure you have his puppy injections on time. This means knowing which veterinarian you’ll use. Later on if you don’t want to go in for breeding, you will need to have your pet spayed or neutered.

Make sure you have a nice warm, dry spot for your dog to sleep. It can be a cardboard box, or you can buy a dog basket or sleeping platform. Make sure your pet loves it and knows he can retreat to it anytime he wants.

If he goes outside for a few hours, make sure that he has a place to lie in the shade and away from the elements.

Good food promotes good health and longevity. You can feed your pet one of the top quality commercially manufactured foods and give your pet some variety by adding in some boiled chicken, vegetables and brown rice. Some raw meat occasionally can also be excellent for your pet.

Feeding

american eskimo dog dogs - caringYour American Eskimo Dog needs a high quality food so they will not get overweight. Make sure you know how much is appropriate for your particular dog and her specific age. The puppies should be fed twice a day but adults only once.

Health issues

As previously mentioned the American Eskimo Dog is prone to eye issue such as Progressive Retinal Atrophy or (PRA) – this disease is inherited and used to cause blindness as the rods in the retina died. New medical discoveries mean this is no longer a hopeless disease. Their eyes are also susceptible to other issues so make sure you check them and the tear ducts regularly.

Like so many other breeds the American Eskimo is also susceptible to hip dysplasia and a moving patella in the knee. For this reason watch their weight. They can also be very allergic.

Exercise and games

This small dog has more energy than his size can handle. He needs a lot of exercise and a place to run. If he will become hyperactive and destructive. They are prone to disturbing behaviors such as spinning (spinning in circles) when they don’t get enough exercise. The American Eskimo Dog is smart and agile, Play games like catch or agility. They are also great at herding, competitive obedience or detection.

Basic Information

Group:
Terrier dog
Herding dogs
Origin:
Germany
United States
Height Male:
30 - 36 cm
11 - 15 inches
23 - 48 cm
9 - 19 inches
Height Female:
30 - 36 cm
11 - 15 inches
23 - 40 cm
9 - 16 inches
Weight Male:
5 - 10 kg
11 - 23 pounds
4 - 16 kg
8 - 36 pounds
Weight Female:
5 - 10 kg
11 - 23 pounds
3 - 12 kg
6 - 27 pounds
Life Span:
12 - 15 Years
13 - 15 Years
Litter Size:
3 - 8
1 - 5
Size:
Small dog
Small dog
Other Names:
Zwergschnauzer (Dwarf Schnauzer)
, Spitz
Colors Available:
salt-and-pepper coat – mix of black and white. , Black and silver
White with cream or biscuit markings
Coat:
Double, wiry medium-length coat
Heavy, thick, double
Shedding:
Minimal
Moderate
Temperament:
Affectionate, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Curious, Detached, Energetic, Friendly, Gentle, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Responsive, Social, Stubborn, Territorial
Affectionate, Alert, Courageous, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Stubborn
Grooming:
Moderate maintenance
High maintenance
Trainability:
Easy
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
Yes
No
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
Yes
Yes

Comparison with other breeds

  1. Miniature Schnauzer vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  2. Miniature Schnauzer vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  3. Miniature Schnauzer vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  4. Miniature Schnauzer vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  5. Miniature Schnauzer vs Border Terrier - Breed Comparison
  6. Miniature Schnauzer vs Australian Terrier - Breed Comparison
  7. Miniature Schnauzer vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  8. Miniature Schnauzer vs Bull Terrier Miniature - Breed Comparison
  9. Miniature Schnauzer vs English White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  10. Miniature Schnauzer vs Feist - Breed Comparison
  11. Miniature Schnauzer vs Manchester Terrier - Breed Comparison
  12. Miniature Schnauzer vs Dandie Dinmont Terrier - Breed Comparison
  13. Miniature Schnauzer vs Miniature Fox Terrier - Breed Comparison
  14. Miniature Schnauzer vs Cesky Terrier - Breed Comparison
  15. Miniature Schnauzer vs Glen of Imaal Terrier - Breed Comparison
  16. Miniature Schnauzer vs Chilean Fox Terrier - Breed Comparison
  17. Miniature Schnauzer vs Black and Tan Terrier - Breed Comparison
  18. Miniature Schnauzer vs Cairland Terrier - Breed Comparison
  19. Miniature Schnauzer vs Fell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  20. Miniature Schnauzer vs Lucas Terrier - Breed Comparison
  21. Miniature Schnauzer vs Kaikadi - Breed Comparison
  22. Rat Terrier vs Miniature Schnauzer - Breed Comparison
  23. Scottish Terrier vs Miniature Schnauzer - Breed Comparison
  24. Patterdale Terrier vs Miniature Schnauzer - Breed Comparison
  25. Norwich Terrier vs Miniature Schnauzer - Breed Comparison
  26. Corgi vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  27. Miniature Australian Shepherd vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  28. Cardigan Welsh Corgi vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  29. Shetland Sheepdog vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  30. Toy Australian Shepherd vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  31. Welsh Corgi vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  32. Pomeranian vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  33. Maltese vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  34. Pug vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  35. Boston Terrier vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  36. Maltipoo vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  37. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  38. Bichon Frise vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  39. Dachshund vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  40. Jack Russell Terrier vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  41. Cockapoo vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  42. Cavapoo vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  43. Miniature Schnauzer vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  44. Cavachon vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  45. Mal-Shi vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  46. American Eskimo Dog vs Beagle - Breed Comparison
  47. American Eskimo Dog vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  48. American Eskimo Dog vs Australian Terrier - Breed Comparison
  49. American Eskimo Dog vs Australian Silky Terrier - Breed Comparison

View/Compare Breeds

Popular Dog Breeds