Russell Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison

Russell Terrier vs Jack Russell TerrierBoth Russell Terrier and Jack Russell Terrier are originated from United Kingdom. Both Russell Terrier and Jack Russell Terrier are having almost same height. Both Russell Terrier and Jack Russell Terrier are having almost same weight. Both Russell Terrier and Jack Russell Terrier has almost same life span. Both Russell Terrier and Jack Russell Terrier has same litter size. Both Russell Terrier and Jack Russell Terrier requires Low maintenance.

Basic Information

Group:
Terrier dog
Terrier dog
Origin:
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Height Male:
20 - 35 cm
7 - 14 inches
25 - 38 cm
9 - 15 inches
Height Female:
20 - 35 cm
7 - 14 inches
25 - 38 cm
9 - 15 inches
Weight Male:
7 - 12 kg
15 - 27 pounds
6 - 8 kg
13 - 18 pounds
Weight Female:
7 - 12 kg
15 - 27 pounds
6 - 8 kg
13 - 18 pounds
Life Span:
12 - 14 Years
12 - 16 Years
Litter Size:
4 - 8
4 - 8
Size:
Small dog
Small dog
Other Names:
Jack Russell terrier, Parson Russell terrier
JRT, Jack
Colors Available:
black, White, tan
black, White with orange or fawn colored patches - tri-color - white, tan
Coat:
Short, broken and rough - 3 types of dogs
Short and smooth or longer and rough
Shedding:
Moderate
Moderate
Temperament:
Affectionate, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Curious, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Responsive, Social, Stubborn, Territorial
Affectionate, Aggressive, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Curious, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Responsive, Social, Stubborn, Territorial
Grooming:
Low maintenance
Low maintenance
Trainability:
Easy
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
No
No
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
Yes
Yes

History

russell terrierThis feisty little dog was developed in England a couple of centuries ago. He has a well documented history. An interesting aspect with this dog is that the very name ‘Jack Russell’ became a common name for predominantly white terriers after the death of clergyman Jack Russell.

The Russell Terrier was developed from Jack Russell working terrier strains that were used in the 19th century for hunting fox. The dog has been standardized by Kennel Club recognition. The Fedédération Cynologique Internationale also recognizes the breed.

It was in the early 1970s that the Jack Russell Terrier Club of Great Britain was formed.

jack russell terrierThe popular Jack Russell Terrier was developed in Devonshire in the south of England in the late 1800's so as to hunt foxes.

Often believed to be the Parson Russell Terrier, the Jack Russell Terrier was developed by Parson John Russell. This is where the dog gets his breed name from. Some people get the Jack Russell Terrier a little bit mixed up with the Parson Russell terrier, when it fact its actually a different breed, but sharing a common ancestry.

The Jack Russell Terrier is smaller than the Parson and bigger than the Russell Terrier. The breed became known in the U.S. by the 1930s and the Jack Russell Terrier Association of America wanted recognition by the American Kennel Club, which was granted in 2000.

Description

russell terrier puppyThe Russell Terrier has a weatherproof coat that is mainly white with patches of tan or black or maybe even both. You get the smooth haired type, the broken type- as well as the rough haired Russell Terrier. All these coats shed.

He is a small dog standing at between 20-35cm in height and weighing between 7 and 12kg.

Temperament:

Your Russell Terrier is a jaunty, fearless, confident little dog with a powerful personality. The bright face with alert eyes are constantly telling you that he is just ready to spring into action when you’re ready.

He just loves games and sports and you won’t have to ask him twice to join in. Happy and energetic, you could say it's his desire to hunt as well as his high energy levels that make it necessary for him to be trained and socialized It is of particular importance because he is so strong willed. Super smart, you won't have any trouble teaching him some basic commands.

He also makes a good watch dog and while he can be aggressive towards other dogs, he is prepared to get along with children in the house who have been disciplined and who know how to treat animals with respect and kindness.

jack russell terrier puppyThe Jack Russell Terrier is a small dog that weighs between 6 and 8kg and stands at between 25 – 38cm. The body length of the dog should be in proportion to the height.

He is essentially a white dog with orange or fawn colored patches. The coat is mostly smooth and short, but the coat can also be longer and rough or it can be broken which is a combination of rough and smooth. Regardless of coat type, they are dense, double coats which will require brushing at least twice a week to remove loose hairs. He may also be tri-colored such as being white with black and tan patches.

He has alert, bright dark brown eyes and ears which are somewhat erect and which flop over at the tips. The tail has always been traditionally docked, giving him an attractive, compact look about him but unfortunately the tail is often left long on the dog these days.

Temperament:

Your Jack Russell Terrier is a lively, tenacious, bold, fearless, feisty, cheeky, confident, independent, intelligent and full of life dog. He is super energetic and exuberant, spirited and full of personality.

There are some dog owners who are exhausted by him and would prefer a more quieter dog breed as their companion. Nonetheless he has some excellent characteristics such as being a totally devoted and loving dog.

It is why it is a good idea to have him trained and socialized as it calms him down and makes him more obedient. He is very intelligent and training him will be easy.

Health Problems

russell terrier dogThe Russell Terrier is a robust little dog who can lead a good, healthy life of 13, 14 or 15 years if well cared for. There are however, a number of common dog ailments that he can succumb to. Some of these are cataracts, deafness and myasthenia gravis.

Myasthenia Gravis:

This disorder is caused by a breakdown of the transmission of impulses from the nerves to the muscles. The muscles can’t contract and the dog becomes weak. It’s a disease that can be an inherited congenital defect, and the Russell Terrier is at risk of getting this disease. Symptoms do vary from dog to dog but a common symptom is muscle weakness.

jack russell terrier dogThis particular dog breed has a reputation for being healthy and living to a good age such as 16 or 17 years of age. Of course he needs to be given proper care to reach such a good age.

Some common dog disorders you might want to be aware of are -

Eye disorders:

Lens luxation is actually a common hereditary disorder in these dogs, but even so, with good care, your dog isn’t likely to battle with it. What happens is that the lens in the eye becomes displaced. There are two types, with Posterior luxation being the lesser severe one.Treatment is available.

Musculoskeletal conditions:

Patellar luxation is an hereditary disorder affecting the knees of the dog. The kneecap slips off the groove where it sits and you may notice your dog running while holding his hind leg in the air. It can sometimes slip back in place and then you see your dog running in his usual way. It becomes more serious when it affects both legs.

Caring The Pet

Exercise:

russell terrier puppiesThis little dog needs plenty of exercise, and being lazy yourself and not exercising him will lead to him becoming destructive through no fault of his.

He will need walks every day as well as runs in the park off his leash. Ball- and frisbee games fill him with delight and he gives chase every time. Even though he is small, he isn’t recommended for life in the city and small properties as he is a small dog with high energy needs and requires a lot of room to run.

Grooming:

The weatherproof coat isn’t going to require much grooming apart from a brushing twice week. Regular checking of the teeth, checking the eyes, looking inside the ears and checking for lumps will be required. He will also need to have his nails trimmed.

Provide him with nice, warm, dry place to sleep.

Have him neutered or spayed if you aren’t wanting puppies.

Keep his vaccines up to date and get him to a vet if you see his is lethargic, miserable and in pain.

Provide him with top quality food, whether it is commercially manufactured food or homemade food.

Your Russell Terrier will be relying on you for good food. Try to include some home-made food for him which can be simply mixed into the kibble twice a week which is easy to prepare and totally uncomplicated.

You can add everything together in one big pot -chicken, brown rice or pasta and spinach, sweet potatoes and carrots. This food can all be chopped up, refrigerated and added warmed up and in small portions to your pets dry kibble once or twice a week.

Simple and tasty, your Russell Terrier will love tasty treats like this. Ensure he always has a bowl of fresh, cool water within his reach.

Exercise:

jack russell terrier puppiesThe Jack Russell Terrier isn’t just a small dog that can be left to his own devices. He will need proper training and socialization early in life to make him obedient and better to get on with.

He may be a small dog, but he certainly won’t do in the city where he is cooped up in a place with a handkerchief of a garden. He needs lots of space to run and play. He wants his human family to join in with walks, hikes, ball games and swimming.

Diet:

You can buy excellent commercially manufactured dog food which caters for energetic small dog breeds like the Jack Russell Terrier.

Once you have selected the best one for your pet, with dry kibble being better in terms of dental health - you can also add in some brown rice, vegetables and cooked chicken. This is highly beneficial to all dog breeds. A little bit of raw meat can sometimes be added in too.

The bottom line is to to prevent your pet from eating foods high in preservatives, additives and fillers. Never leave your pet without a constant supply of fresh, cool water.

Characteristics

russell terrier dogsIt is true that this very active, very 'in-your-face' dog may not be everybody’s cup of tea. He will be discontent if not given the chance to run and be active.

If you’re a super active family who loves swimming, going on hikes or you enjoy sports such as cycling and horse riding, you can count the Russell Terrier in every time.

These dogs make a loving, loyal companion. They'll make you smile and be amused by their antics, bringing you lots of joy and entertainment.

jack russell terrier dogsWith loads of vibrant personality, the energetic Jack Russell Terrier has got so many wonderful characteristics to his name – devotion, intelligence, charming, lively, playful and he is an entertainer – you’ll always be laughing a him.

You do need to pay him attention – you can’t just plonk him in your backyard and forget about him. He wants your love and attention and ignoring him can lead to problem behavior such as obsessive barking.

Give your Jack Russell Terrier all the love and care he needs, and you’ll have an exceptional pet and friend.

Comparison with other breeds

  1. Scottish Terrier vs Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  2. Russell Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  3. Russell Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  4. Russell Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  5. Russell Terrier vs Miniature Schnauzer - Breed Comparison
  6. Russell Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  7. Russell Terrier vs Border Terrier - Breed Comparison
  8. Russell Terrier vs Rat Terrier - Breed Comparison
  9. Russell Terrier vs Australian Terrier - Breed Comparison
  10. Russell Terrier vs Patterdale Terrier - Breed Comparison
  11. Russell Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  12. Russell Terrier vs Bull Terrier Miniature - Breed Comparison
  13. Russell Terrier vs Norwich Terrier - Breed Comparison
  14. Russell Terrier vs Norfolk Terrier - Breed Comparison
  15. Russell Terrier vs English White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  16. Russell Terrier vs Parson Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  17. Russell Terrier vs Feist - Breed Comparison
  18. Russell Terrier vs Manchester Terrier - Breed Comparison
  19. Russell Terrier vs Dandie Dinmont Terrier - Breed Comparison
  20. Russell Terrier vs Miniature Fox Terrier - Breed Comparison
  21. Russell Terrier vs Cesky Terrier - Breed Comparison
  22. Russell Terrier vs Glen of Imaal Terrier - Breed Comparison
  23. Russell Terrier vs Chilean Fox Terrier - Breed Comparison
  24. Russell Terrier vs Black and Tan Terrier - Breed Comparison
  25. Russell Terrier vs Cairland Terrier - Breed Comparison
  26. Jack Russell Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  27. Jack Russell Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  28. Jack Russell Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  29. Jack Russell Terrier vs Border Terrier - Breed Comparison
  30. Jack Russell Terrier vs Australian Terrier - Breed Comparison
  31. Jack Russell Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  32. Jack Russell Terrier vs Bull Terrier Miniature - Breed Comparison
  33. Jack Russell Terrier vs English White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  34. Jack Russell Terrier vs Feist - Breed Comparison
  35. Jack Russell Terrier vs Dandie Dinmont Terrier - Breed Comparison
  36. Jack Russell Terrier vs Cesky Terrier - Breed Comparison
  37. Jack Russell Terrier vs Glen of Imaal Terrier - Breed Comparison
  38. Jack Russell Terrier vs Chilean Fox Terrier - Breed Comparison
  39. Jack Russell Terrier vs Black and Tan Terrier - Breed Comparison
  40. Jack Russell Terrier vs Cairland Terrier - Breed Comparison
  41. Jack Russell Terrier vs Fell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  42. Miniature Schnauzer vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  43. Rat Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  44. Scottish Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  45. Patterdale Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  46. Norwich Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  47. Norfolk Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  48. Parson Russell Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  49. Manchester Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison

View/Compare Breeds

Popular Dog Breeds