German Coolie vs Chow Chow - Breed Comparison

Chow Chow is originated from China but German Coolie is originated from Australia. Chow Chow may grow 9 cm / 3 inches shorter than German Coolie. Chow Chow may weigh 8 kg / 18 pounds more than German Coolie. Chow Chow may live 5 years less than German Coolie. Both Chow Chow and German Coolie has almost same litter size. Chow Chow requires High Maintenance. But German Coolie requires Low Maintenance

Basic Information

Group:
Non sportings
Herding dogs
Origin:
China
Australia
Height Male:
43 - 51 cm
16 - 21 inches
40 - 60 cm
15 - 24 inches
Height Female:
41 - 60 cm
16 - 24 inches
38 - 58 cm
14 - 23 inches
Weight Male:
25 - 32 kg
55 - 71 pounds
15 - 24 kg
33 - 53 pounds
Weight Female:
20 - 27 kg
44 - 60 pounds
13 - 22 kg
28 - 49 pounds
Life Span:
11 - 13 Years
16 - 18 Years
Litter Size:
4 - 8
4 - 6
Size:
Medium
Medium
Other Names:
chowhound, chow, chowdren
Australian Koolie - German Koolie - Coulie - German Collie
Colors Available:
cream and blue, Red (light gold to deep red-brown) • Cinnamon (light tan to brown) • Black
Black, Red, merle
Coat:
double thick and coarse
smooth and comes in short or medium lengths
Shedding:
Seasonal
Moderate
Temperament:
Affectionate, Gentle, Independent, Intelligent, Loving, Loyal, Protective, Quiet, Stubborn
Alert, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Playful, Social
Grooming:
High Maintenance
Low Maintenance
Trainability:
Hard
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
No
No
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
No
Yes

History

Northern China is the original home of the Chow Chow. In that region of China, the breed was known as the Songshi Quan – “the puffy-lion” dog. They have also been known in China as the “Dog of the Tang Empire” or the Tang Quan. The Chow is believed to be an ancient breed that the Foo Dog, or stone dog guardians of Buddhist palaces and temples, is modeled after. It is one of the most ancient of dog breeds that are still around today.

It is believed that they have existed for around 2000 years or perhaps even as far back as 3000 years, starting out in Mongolia and migrating to China. The ancientness of the Chow Chow has been validated through DNA testing. In China all those centuries ago, the Chow Chow was born to be a working dog. They hunted, herded, guarded and pulled carts. They went on quests with the Mongolian armies when China was invaded, as well as when the Mongolians invaded the Middle East and Europe later on.

Today’s Canadian Kennel Club has about 350 Chows registered while the AKC gets 10,000 new registrations every year.

The German Coolie is misnamed as it is an Australian bred dog and often called the Australian Koolie or Coolie. This Australian breed is more often just called a Coolie. The breed is a typical herding breed and a working dog that needs a job all the time. They have been a favorite of Australians since the late 1800’s when local dogs were bred with British working dogs.

Although all Coolie’s are not the same. Within the breed there is a lot of variation. This is because the Coolie was bred individually for different regions in Australia. In a very different writing the Koolie Club of Australia does not define the Coolie breed on confirmation as all other purebred dogs are defined. Instead the Coolie is defined by ability to work. In light of this most Coolie breeders state that the Coolie is a breed and the variations you see among regions are types within the breed.

As a herding dog, the Coolie brought a lot of skill to the Australian farmers and sheep herders. The Coolie will round up the sheep and bring them back to their enclosure at the shepherd’s command. They are upright, silent, working dogs. Not only do they herd sheep they are important at sheering to “cut out” the sheep or assist in the close quarters of lambing.

In Queensland North and New South Wales, the Coolie is medium boned, tall and agile ready to herd cattle over a long stretch of miles. In the Snowy Mountains of New South Wales and the Hunter Valley Region, the Coolie is shorter and thicker in order to be able to get cattle that are lying low out from the gullies and dense bush. The Coolies found in Victoria are the smallest of all.

No matter where they live and work, the Coolie is bred to help the workers there, the farmers, the stockman, and the grazier. All Coolies are adaptable and very agile. They all have a strong willfulness to accomplish what they are asked to do. The ancestors of these various Coolie was the British Collie – a smooth coated, blue merle. This Collie was crossed with the Black and Tan Collie from the Scottish Highlands. It is believed that these are the same Collie breeds that came to Australia to create the Heeler.

The name may come from the German immigrants working in South Australia and unable to pronounce Collie incorrectly they called the dogs German Coolies. There is also a fraction of German breeders who believe that the German Tiger dog was brought to Australia in the 18th century and then when the Collies came they were bred together. Many Coolie breeders have records showing that the breed has been in Australia for at least 160 years. It is also believed that the Border Collie and Kelpie (Blue Heeler) were mixed into the breed at sometime as well.

No bench standard exists for the German Coolie even though there is the Koolie Club of Australia. The mission of the club is to protect, preserve and promote the breed. The Australian Sporting Register was recognizing the Coolies in 2004. They are eligible to participate in the Australian National Kennel Council sanctioned sporting trials. They participate in Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria through the individual states sporting register. Here they participate in herding, jumping, obedience, agility and tracking.

Several other recognitions as a herding breed soon followed. The Australian Shepherd Club of America, the American Herding Breed Association, were followed by recognition from others as well. They are not recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC).

Description

The Chow really does look like a small lion with a black tongue. The dog is sturdy and square with erect, small ears on a broad skull. They have a very dense double coat. Their eyes are deep set and look like almonds, while they all have that very distinctive purple or black tongue. Their lips are also distinctive with their blue color. The nose is black, but some Chows might have a blue nose. The tail is curly.

These are medium size dogs when it comes to height and weight, but they are powerfully built for their size. Their power is in their compact body holding the energy and strength of a much larger dog. Its hind legs are almost entirely straight, unusual for any dog. They get their lion appearance from the huge ruff that stands behind their heads. Their chest is broad and deep.

With their strong ancestry among the family of collies and herders, the German Coolie shares the look of collies and shepherds. Even though they differ from region to region and there is no actual standard, they are medium sized dogs with blue or brown eyes or even one of each. The ears are folded over on top when relaxed but they are rigid and straight when he is more alert. The nose is either chocolate or red depending on the color of their coat.

They can have either a long, medium or short coat but most owners want the short coat that is smooth as well. The coat can be one color – red/chocolate or black; Bi – red/white or black/white; Tri – solid black or red with white and brown; Tri merle -merle with white and brown; Merle – red merles and blue merles. Regardless of color, the German Coolie has the look of a collie or German Shepherd.

Health Problems

Although an ancient breed that obviously has survived many centuries of trials, the Cho Chow of today is prone to several different health conditions. These include:

Eyelid Entropion

This condition can require surgery to keep the turning eyelid from injuring the eye ball.

Hip Dysplasia

This can cause lameness and arthritis.

Elbow Dysplasia

This can cause lameness and arthritis.

Stomach Cancer

Ear Infections

Make sure you keep the ears clean and keep an eye on them.

This is a relatively healthy breed without many genetic disorders found in purebreds due to the 160 years they have spent fairly isolated and allowing natural selection to take its course.

Blindness/Deafness

In Merle dogs there can be deafness and/or blindness. If you breed a solid to a merle you can eliminate that.

Joint Issues

These are not inherited but rather acquired due to the immense amount of jumping and running.

  1. Allergies
  2. Minor skin allergies are possible in some.
  3. Seizures

Rare but it does occur and can be fatal if not treated

Caring The Pet

Don’t overfeed a Chow Chow as they are hard workers and big eaters. Feed them at least twice a day.

Health issues

Additional health issues include:

Glaucoma

This eye disease can lead to blindness if not checked and treated.

Juvenile Cataracts

These can be removed from an adolescent puppy.

Lymphoma

Again, the Chow is susceptible to cancer.

Diabetes

Can lead to heart or kidney problems if left untreated.

Hot Spots/Allergies/Melanoma

Keep a close eye on your Chow Chow skin.

Exercise and games

The Chow Chow was developed as working dog, but today’s version is more laid back and doesn’t need excessive exercise. Daily walks will suffice. They live very happily in the city if walked regularly. They are not really a competitive breed outside of obedience and confirmation. They are seldom seen in sports like agility or frisbee.

Feeding the puppy

Break meals into 3 a day feeding a high quality dry puppy food designed for dogs of his size. 11/2 to 2 cups per day.

Feeding the adult

Break meals into 2 a day feeding a high quality dry adult food designed for dogs of his size.

Points for Good Health

Traditionally good health. Great energy, intensity and devotion to work and owner.

Games and Exercises

This is an energetic dog that loves to work and needs to work. Regular routine exercise is needed daily. He needs to be stimulated mentally and physically. Find him a job. Make sure he knows what you want him to do. They work well with a human partner in games such as agility, tracking, flyball and herding. They need a large yard and a lot of play time. They are not couch potatoes and would be unhappy if they were stuck in a house or apartment

Characteristics

Loyal and true to their family and those they know; the Chow Chow is a little standoffish with strangers. They are very protective and usually attach themselves to one or two people. They are intelligent but stubborn, which can affect your training with them. They need to respect their people and Chows respect hose who take care of them. They can be aggressive toward dogs of their same sex especially if those dogs are the same breed as well.

They are known to be very clean and many have compared them to cats in that regard. They appear to be dignified and refined. They are usually very quiet but very adaptable dogs.

Children friendliness

Yes, they can be very friendly with children is they are socialized and supervised.

Special talents

They have enough stamina to work for 14 hours a day.

Adaptability

They are very adaptable. They can be calm and steady when working a mother and baby lamb and then be able to forcefully move steers, bull, rams or weathers.

Learning ability

The breed is highly intelligent, and their learning ability is excellent because they want to please you.

Comparison with other breeds

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  2. Chow Chow vs German Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  3. Chow Chow vs Golden Retriever - Breed Comparison
  4. Chow Chow vs Labrador Retriever - Breed Comparison
  5. Chow Chow vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  6. Chow Chow vs French Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  7. Chow Chow vs Beagle - Breed Comparison
  8. Chow Chow vs Yorkshire Terrier - Breed Comparison
  9. Chow Chow vs Poodle - Breed Comparison
  10. Chow Chow vs Rottweiler - Breed Comparison
  11. Chow Chow vs Boxer - Breed Comparison
  12. Chow Chow vs English Pointer - Breed Comparison
  13. Chow Chow vs Siberian Husky - Breed Comparison
  14. Chow Chow vs Doberman Pinscher - Breed Comparison
  15. Chow Chow vs American Bully - Breed Comparison
  16. Chow Chow vs Abruzzenhund - Breed Comparison
  17. Chow Chow vs Affenpinscher - Breed Comparison
  18. Chow Chow vs Afghan Hound - Breed Comparison
  19. Chow Chow vs Aidi - Breed Comparison
  20. Chow Chow vs Airedale Terrier - Breed Comparison
  21. Chow Chow vs Akbash Dog - Breed Comparison
  22. Chow Chow vs Akita - Breed Comparison
  23. Chow Chow vs Africanis - Breed Comparison
  24. Chow Chow vs Askal - Breed Comparison
  25. Chow Chow vs Atlas Terrier - Breed Comparison
  26. German Coolie vs English Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  27. German Coolie vs German Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  28. German Coolie vs Golden Retriever - Breed Comparison
  29. German Coolie vs Labrador Retriever - Breed Comparison
  30. German Coolie vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  31. German Coolie vs French Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  32. German Coolie vs Beagle - Breed Comparison
  33. German Coolie vs Yorkshire Terrier - Breed Comparison
  34. German Coolie vs Poodle - Breed Comparison
  35. German Coolie vs Rottweiler - Breed Comparison
  36. German Coolie vs Boxer - Breed Comparison
  37. German Coolie vs English Pointer - Breed Comparison
  38. German Coolie vs Siberian Husky - Breed Comparison
  39. German Coolie vs Doberman Pinscher - Breed Comparison
  40. German Coolie vs American Bully - Breed Comparison
  41. German Coolie vs Abruzzenhund - Breed Comparison
  42. German Coolie vs Affenpinscher - Breed Comparison
  43. German Coolie vs Afghan Hound - Breed Comparison
  44. German Coolie vs Aidi - Breed Comparison
  45. German Coolie vs Airedale Terrier - Breed Comparison
  46. German Coolie vs Akbash Dog - Breed Comparison
  47. German Coolie vs Akita - Breed Comparison
  48. German Coolie vs Africanis - Breed Comparison
  49. German Coolie vs Askal - Breed Comparison
  50. German Coolie vs Atlas Terrier - Breed Comparison