Scottish Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison

Scottish Terrier vs American Hairless TerrierScottish Terrier is originated from United Kingdom but American Hairless Terrier is originated from United States. Scottish Terrier may grow 19 cm / 7 inches shorter than American Hairless Terrier. Both Scottish Terrier and American Hairless Terrier are having almost same weight. Scottish Terrier may live 3 years less than American Hairless Terrier. Scottish Terrier may have more litter size than American Hairless Terrier. Scottish Terrier requires Moderate maintenance. But American Hairless Terrier requires Low maintenance

Basic Information

Group:
Terrier dog
Terrier dog
Origin:
United Kingdom
United States
Height Male:
23 - 26 cm
9 - 11 inches
18 - 45 cm
7 - 18 inches
Height Female:
23 - 26 cm
9 - 11 inches
16 - 40 cm
6 - 16 inches
Weight Male:
8 - 10 kg
17 - 23 pounds
3 - 12 kg
6 - 27 pounds
Weight Female:
8 - 10 kg
17 - 23 pounds
2 - 10 kg
4 - 23 pounds
Life Span:
11 - 13 Years
14 - 16 Years
Litter Size:
2 - 8
3 - 5
Size:
Small dog
Small dog
Other Names:
Scottie, Aberdeen Terrier
AHT, American Hairless Rat Terrier
Colors Available:
black-grey, Black, brindle, wheaten
variety of colors and patterns (blue, black, brown, pink, sable and tan) with white
Coat:
wiry, medium length
hairless, coated variety has a short dense coat
Shedding:
Moderate
Minimal
Temperament:
Affectionate, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Curious, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Quiet, Responsive, Social, Stubborn, Territorial
Affectionate, Alert, Energetic, Lively, Loving, Territorial
Grooming:
Moderate maintenance
Low maintenance
Trainability:
Moderate
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
No
Yes
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
Yes
Yes

History

scottish terrierThe Scottish Terrier is also known as the Aberdeen Terrier but people who love and know him refer to him fondly as the Scottie.

These little dogs were originally bred to hunt vermin on farms and their actual origin is ancient. It is believed that the first descriptions of these dogs date way back to 1436 with there being 2 varieties - a rough-haired Scotch Terrier and a smooth-haired English Terrier.

In 1881 the Scottish Terrier Club of England was founded with the Scottish Terrier Club of Scotland being founded in 1888. Scotties were introduced to America in the early 1890s.

american hairless terrierDerived from the Rat Terrier, the American Hairless Terrier was born in a litter of Rat Terriers in 1972.

The evolution of this breed is very different from other hairless breeds. The American Hairless Terrier was independently developed when a hairless pup was produced in a litter of normal Rat Terriers. The owners of this pup, Edwin and Willie Scott attempted to breed her to other Rat terriers but were not successful in having another hairless pup until years later. Then they had a litter with one male and one female hairless puppy.

From that point on they worked with a veterinarian and a geneticist to develop the breed until it was accepted as a separate breed from the Rat Terrier in 2004 and accepted into the AKC in 2016.

The breed is very rare and with hairless dogs breeding only produces about two thirds of the litter as hairless and one third as coated. If a hairless is bred to a coated terrier, the chances of getting hairless puppies are 50% hairless and 50% coated. It is very rare to get a hairless when breed two coated terriers. The difference between the American Hairless Terrier and other hairless breeds is that the hairless gene in most breed is a lethal dominant gene, but in the AHT it is a recessive gene.

Description

scottish terrier puppyThe Scottish Terrier is a small dog, fairly robustly built but with short legs. He has a wiry, weather-resistant coat and a soft undercoat. The coat is essentially black but there are other colors too such as a wheaten shade, grey-black and brindle too.

The ears are erect, the eyes small and bright. The tail isn’t docked but is of medium length and is nearly always held up, without curling over the back.

Height at withers for both males and females should be roughly 23 to 26cm and weight in the region of 8 – 10 kg.

Temperament:

The Scottie is a an independent, robust breed. He is playful as a puppy, but as he matures he becomes more dignified and dour. He is stubborn, but being a terrier he is alert and makes a good watchdog. For a small dog he has a powerful bark.

He is smart too. Have him trained and socialized if you want him to be obedient.

Brave, loving and loyal, he can fit into life in the city or the countryside so long has he has his human family close by. He doesn’t take kindly to strangers and he he slightly aggressive with other dogs he doesn’t know. He makes a great playmate for children but he certainly doesn’t like being prodded, sat on and poked by small children.

american hairless terrier puppyThe American Hairless Terrier is similar to it’s breed of origin, the Rat Terrier, and the coated AHT looks very much like a Rat Terrier. They are small to medium in size, very muscular and have more refined features than the Rat Terrier. Their round eyes can be a variety of colors including amber, brown, grey, turquoise and blue. The tail is not docked but rather long and thin.

The AHT might have eyebrows and whiskers or they might only have whiskers. Their head is broad, and wedge shaped with upright ears. They are an energetic, social and intelligent dog.

Health Problems

scottish terrier dogYour Scottie is looked upon as being a generally healthy dog breed, but as with any other healthy dogs, he can succumb to some of the conditions and diseases that dogs get -

Von Willebrand's Disease:

This is an inherited blood disorder where the blood doesn’t clot properly. The dog will bleed excessively after an injury. Fortunately, while there isn’t a cure, dogs can lead normal lives.

Cancer:

Scottish Terriers are more prone to developing cancer than other dogs. Bladder cancer, lymphosarcoma and malignant melanoma are just some of the cancers they can get. Some cancers are treatable and there is a good success rate in dogs receiving chemotherapy.

When you brush your Scottie, look out for new, unusual lumps that could be indicative of cancer.

Scotty Cramp:

Scotty Cramp isn’t serious but uncomfortable for your pet. When your dog becomes worked up, you’ll see him arching his spine and he walks around for a few minutes with a stiff unnatural gait.

Obesity:

Obesity is regarded as a serious disease as it puts strain on the dogs joints and also creates back pain and digestive disorders.

american hairless terrier dogThere are not many health problems bothering this sturdy little dog.

The American Hairless Terrier has limited breeding stock and it is still a rare breed. Its health problems are mostly related to its hairless state. The breed is highly susceptible to sunburn, rashes, pimples, and allergies. They often need clothing in all seasons to protect them from the heat of the sun or from the cold. The skin must be cleaned regularly often daily with soap and water. This is especially true if sunscreen is used as they are open to skin infections.

Hip dysplasia is also a common issue for this small breed.

Caring The Pet

Exercise:

scottish terrier puppiesScotties were once bred as working dogs, and they will certainly require daily exercise and stimulation. He will love a walk but you can’t expect him to run with you as he has short legs.

Grooming:

The Scottie sheds, so he will need to be brushed at least twice weekly. He will require quite a bit of grooming in terms of having the coat professionally trimmed and clipped.

His eyes and ears will need to be checked as well as his teeth. He can’t tell you if he has terrible toothache and while brushing him, check the teeth. Trim his nails too.

Diet:

It is always recommended that you feed dogs according to size, age and activity levels. Dogs are individuals and they don’t all need the same food.

The quality of the dog food you provide makes a huge difference on your dog’s health. It always pays to go with the better quality kibble available to dogs. Your Scottish Terrier will be depending on your for quality kibble with the right blend of vitamins and minerals.

Dogs thrive on simplicity and consistency and you want to provide him with some home-made food too that gels well with his digestive system. A little bit of raw meat occasionally can also do him the world of good.

Make sure he always has cool, fresh water to drink.

american hairless terrier puppiesThe American Hairless Terrier has some food needs that might be different from other breeds. They should not be given food that contains soy, wheat or corn. They need to be fed at least 3-4 times a day in small amounts as puppies and twice a day as adult. Be sure to avoid overeating and obesity. Puppies need about 400 calories a day whether you feed four times or two times. The adult American Hairless Terrier needs about 500-600 calories per day. This might be half a cup to a cup per day.

Health issues

As previously mentioned the American Hairless Terrier has skin health issues and is also prone to hip dysplasia.

Exercise and games

This is a great breed for games if you make them small to match his size. He is energetic, athletic and playful. He loves agility, lure chasing and barn hunt activities. They need a good half hour of vigorous exercise per day.

Characteristics

scottish terrier dogsThe Scottie is strong willed and independent, and training and socialization is important if you don’t want your Scottie believing he has the final say.

These dogs are stubborn and dominant and will need a strong, firm but kind owner. They’re aggressive with other dogs, but get on well with their human family.

When you bring one of these distinctive looking dogs into your home, he’ll be a loving, loyal friend.

american hairless terrier dogsThis is a curious, intelligent, little dog. They are terrific family dogs with a note to say they are better with older children than with younger. If they are raised with small children, then they are terrific with them. They are territorial, and the children become part of their territory. They will guard and protect them.

They need to play, and this is the biggest requirement for owners. Be sure you have time for them. This is not a couch potato dog. They have a lot of energy and can be destructive and “barky” if that energy is not dissipated. They are terriers through and through and love to “go to ground” whether going in holes they find or digging the holes themselves. They will go after small rodents like chipmunks. They need to be protected in these activities since their skin is vulnerable to scratches and cuts from brush. Their prey drive is strong, so it is important to protect them from themselves in this respect.

They are curious and feisty and every inch the terrier. Affectionate, friendly, and social it is also important to remember they can be scared easily, hurt if play is too rough, and this will trigger barking. They make very good watch dogs.

Comparison with other breeds

  1. Scottish Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  2. Scottish Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  3. Scottish Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  4. Scottish Terrier vs Miniature Schnauzer - Breed Comparison
  5. Scottish Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  6. Scottish Terrier vs Border Terrier - Breed Comparison
  7. Scottish Terrier vs Rat Terrier - Breed Comparison
  8. Scottish Terrier vs Australian Terrier - Breed Comparison
  9. Scottish Terrier vs Patterdale Terrier - Breed Comparison
  10. Scottish Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  11. Scottish Terrier vs Bull Terrier Miniature - Breed Comparison
  12. Scottish Terrier vs Norwich Terrier - Breed Comparison
  13. Scottish Terrier vs Norfolk Terrier - Breed Comparison
  14. Scottish Terrier vs English White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  15. Scottish Terrier vs Parson Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  16. Scottish Terrier vs Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  17. Scottish Terrier vs Feist - Breed Comparison
  18. Scottish Terrier vs Manchester Terrier - Breed Comparison
  19. Scottish Terrier vs Dandie Dinmont Terrier - Breed Comparison
  20. Scottish Terrier vs Miniature Fox Terrier - Breed Comparison
  21. Scottish Terrier vs Cesky Terrier - Breed Comparison
  22. Scottish Terrier vs Glen of Imaal Terrier - Breed Comparison
  23. Scottish Terrier vs Schnorkie - Breed Comparison
  24. Scottish Terrier vs Chilean Fox Terrier - Breed Comparison
  25. Scottish Terrier vs Black and Tan Terrier - Breed Comparison
  26. Boston Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  27. Jack Russell Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  28. Miniature Schnauzer vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  29. Cairn Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  30. Border Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  31. Rat Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  32. Patterdale Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  33. American Hairless Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  34. American Hairless Terrier vs Australian Terrier - Breed Comparison
  35. Bull Terrier Miniature vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  36. Norwich Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  37. Norfolk Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  38. English White Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  39. Parson Russell Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  40. Russell Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  41. Feist vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  42. Manchester Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  43. Dandie Dinmont Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  44. Miniature Fox Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  45. Cesky Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  46. Glen of Imaal Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  47. Schnorkie vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  48. Sealyham Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  49. Chilean Fox Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison

View/Compare Breeds

Popular Dog Breeds