Welsh Corgi vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison

Welsh Corgi vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed ComparisonBoth Welsh Corgi and Jack Russell Terrier are originated from United Kingdom. Welsh Corgi may grow 8 cm / 3 inches shorter than Jack Russell Terrier. Welsh Corgi may weigh 7 kg / 16 pounds more than Jack Russell Terrier. Both Welsh Corgi and Jack Russell Terrier has same life span. Both Welsh Corgi and Jack Russell Terrier has same litter size. Welsh Corgi requires High maintenance. But Jack Russell Terrier requires Low maintenance

History

welsh corgi - historyThe Pembroke Welsh Corgi and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi were once considered to be two types of the same breed. Today they are recognized as very different breeds, but cousins of sorts.. They are alike in many ways and very different in others. The general information in terms of height and weight above applies to the more popular and better known Pembroke Welsh Corgi, developed as a herding dog from the spitz line in Pembroke shire, Wales. The Pembroke is famous for being the breed favored since childhood by Queen Elizabeth, the current queen of England. It’s believed that the Pembroke came to the country around the 10th century with Flemish weavers. The Cardigan is thought to have come with the Norse people and be a relative of the Sedish Vallhund.

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi, also a herding dog has their ancestry in ancient Celtic dogs. They are older than the Pembroke and hail from Cardiganshire, Wales.

Both breeds are friendly, smart and independent. Both dogs herd cattle and sheep. About the end of the 19th century, farmers in Cardiganshire began to raising sheep rather than cattle. The corgis were herding dogs for cattle. “Heelers” who avoid the cattle kicking them by nipping at the cattle’s heel. Pembrokeshore and Cardiganshire are counties in South West Wales that adjoin each other.

Then the move was made from cattle to sheep in Cardiganshire they bred their corgis with the Welsh Sheepdog where the merle color is said to come from, and the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. This caused the similarities between the two dwarf breeds. At the same time the distance grew between the two breeds and they grew into very distinct and different looking dogs. There are also some differences in their personalities.

The first corgi to appear at Crufts came in 1927 and in 1928 a Pembroke won a championship at Cardiff for the first ever corgi win. It was not until 1934 that the kennel club recognized them as separate breeds rather than a Pembroke shire type and a Cardiganshire type. From this point on the two are separate breeds with tremendous similarities. A Pem won the Reserve Best in Show at Crufts in 1955.

The first corgi came to the United States in 1933 by a breeder of Old English Sheepdogs. In 1934 the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized Corgis as one breed with 2 types. The Pembroke has always been the more popular of the two.

jack russell terrier - historyThe popular Jack Russell Terrier was developed in Devonshire in the south of England in the late 1800's so as to hunt foxes.

Often believed to be the Parson Russell Terrier, the Jack Russell Terrier was developed by Parson John Russell. This is where the dog gets his breed name from. Some people get the Jack Russell Terrier a little bit mixed up with the Parson Russell terrier, when it fact its actually a different breed, but sharing a common ancestry.

The Jack Russell Terrier is smaller than the Parson and bigger than the Russell Terrier. The breed became known in the U.S. by the 1930s and the Jack Russell Terrier Association of America wanted recognition by the American Kennel Club, which was granted in 2000.

Description

welsh corgi puppy - descriptionThey used to differentiate between the Cardigan and the Pembroke by saying the Cardigan was the one with the bigger ears and the Pembroke had no tail. In many parts of the world where tail docking has been banned, most Pembrokes now have tails. Only those born without don’t have them. Both dogs are long and low to the ground with big chests and short legs. This is because they are dwarfs. They are not little dogs.

Cardigan

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is heavier boned than the Pembroke, has large rounded ears and a flowing, fox like tail. The Cardigan comes in a variety of colors but never predominately white. He is double coated with a dense, harsh outer and a soft, short and thick undercoat.

Pembroke

Pembroke is smaller and longer than the Cardigan with pointed ears. They are intelligent, sturdy and strong with tremendous stamina. The tail is docked in the United States or the pups are bred not to have a tail. This was originally so that the cattle could not step on their tails and injure the dogs. The double coat on the Pembroke is short and weather resistant inner coat with a longer and rougher outercoat. He has the same deep dropped chest as the Cardigan. Both corgis shed voraciously.

jack russell terrier puppy - descriptionThe Jack Russell Terrier is a small dog that weighs between 6 and 8kg and stands at between 25 – 38cm. The body length of the dog should be in proportion to the height.

He is essentially a white dog with orange or fawn colored patches. The coat is mostly smooth and short, but the coat can also be longer and rough or it can be broken which is a combination of rough and smooth. Regardless of coat type, they are dense, double coats which will require brushing at least twice a week to remove loose hairs. He may also be tri-colored such as being white with black and tan patches.

He has alert, bright dark brown eyes and ears which are somewhat erect and which flop over at the tips. The tail has always been traditionally docked, giving him an attractive, compact look about him but unfortunately the tail is often left long on the dog these days.

Temperament:

Your Jack Russell Terrier is a lively, tenacious, bold, fearless, feisty, cheeky, confident, independent, intelligent and full of life dog. He is super energetic and exuberant, spirited and full of personality.

There are some dog owners who are exhausted by him and would prefer a more quieter dog breed as their companion. Nonetheless he has some excellent characteristics such as being a totally devoted and loving dog.

It is why it is a good idea to have him trained and socialized as it calms him down and makes him more obedient. He is very intelligent and training him will be easy.

Characteristics

Characteristics

welsh corgi dog - characteristics1Children friendliness For the most part they are good but can be grumpy and bossy. They are bossy personalities

2.Special talents – heelers, will herd anything, he needs a job

3.Adaptability – Very. Can live anywhere but they do need to run and they bark a lot.

4.Learning ability – incredibly smart but stubborn. Respond well to training that is reward based.

jack russell terrier dog - characteristicsWith loads of vibrant personality, the energetic Jack Russell Terrier has got so many wonderful characteristics to his name – devotion, intelligence, charming, lively, playful and he is an entertainer – you’ll always be laughing a him.

You do need to pay him attention – you can’t just plonk him in your backyard and forget about him. He wants your love and attention and ignoring him can lead to problem behavior such as obsessive barking.

Give your Jack Russell Terrier all the love and care he needs, and you’ll have an exceptional pet and friend.

Health Problems

Health Problems

The two breeds have many of the same health issues with the primary issue being

welsh corgi puppies - health problems• Degenerative Myelopathy – a muscular neurological disease very similar to Lou Gehrig’s Disease or ALS. It is always fatal.

  • Cancer is prevalent in both breeds.
  • Most corgis die of old age.
  • Kidney Failure
  • More Pems have eye issues than the Cardis do.

• Some have cardiac issues while others may have hip dysplasia or Von Willebrand’s disease.

jack russell terrier puppies - health problemsThis particular dog breed has a reputation for being healthy and living to a good age such as 16 or 17 years of age. Of course he needs to be given proper care to reach such a good age.

Some common dog disorders you might want to be aware of are -

Eye disorders:

Lens luxation is actually a common hereditary disorder in these dogs, but even so, with good care, your dog isn’t likely to battle with it. What happens is that the lens in the eye becomes displaced. There are two types, with Posterior luxation being the lesser severe one.Treatment is available.

Musculoskeletal conditions:

Patellar luxation is an hereditary disorder affecting the knees of the dog. The kneecap slips off the groove where it sits and you may notice your dog running while holding his hind leg in the air. It can sometimes slip back in place and then you see your dog running in his usual way. It becomes more serious when it affects both legs.

Caring The Pet

welsh corgi dogs - caring1Feeding the puppy prone to overweight, the pem needs ½ to 1 cup of small breed high quality food in 3-4 meals per day. The Cardigan needs ¾ to 1 ¼ cups of high quality small breed food in 3-4 meals per day.

2.Feeding the adult – Don’t overfeed them. The Pem need 1 cup per day of high quality small breed food in 2 meals per day. The Cardigan needs 1-1 ½ cups per day in one to two meals.

3.Points for Good Health stamina, longevity

4. Games and Exercises

They are fast, athletic dogs. Agility, CAT, Barnhunt. Herding trials, flyball and they just love backyard ball fetching. Confirmation and obedience, along with rally.

Exercise:

jack russell terrier dogs - caringThe Jack Russell Terrier isn’t just a small dog that can be left to his own devices. He will need proper training and socialization early in life to make him obedient and better to get on with.

He may be a small dog, but he certainly won’t do in the city where he is cooped up in a place with a handkerchief of a garden. He needs lots of space to run and play. He wants his human family to join in with walks, hikes, ball games and swimming.

Diet:

You can buy excellent commercially manufactured dog food which caters for energetic small dog breeds like the Jack Russell Terrier.

Once you have selected the best one for your pet, with dry kibble being better in terms of dental health - you can also add in some brown rice, vegetables and cooked chicken. This is highly beneficial to all dog breeds. A little bit of raw meat can sometimes be added in too.

The bottom line is to to prevent your pet from eating foods high in preservatives, additives and fillers. Never leave your pet without a constant supply of fresh, cool water.

Basic Information

Group:
Herding dogs
Terrier dog
Origin:
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Height Male:
22 - 30 cm
8 - 12 inches
25 - 38 cm
9 - 15 inches
Height Female:
20 - 28 cm
7 - 12 inches
25 - 38 cm
9 - 15 inches
Weight Male:
10 - 15 kg
22 - 34 pounds
6 - 8 kg
13 - 18 pounds
Weight Female:
8 - 13 kg
17 - 29 pounds
6 - 8 kg
13 - 18 pounds
Life Span:
14 - 16 Years
12 - 16 Years
Litter Size:
4 - 8
4 - 8
Size:
Small dog
Small dog
Other Names:
CWC, PWC, Pembroke, Cardigan
JRT, Jack
Colors Available:
Pem is tricolor, red and white, fawn and white
black, White with orange or fawn colored patches - tri-color - white, tan
Coat:
Double, water resistent undercoat and thick outcoat
Short and smooth or longer and rough
Shedding:
Constant
Moderate
Temperament:
Affectionate, Alert, Courageous, Energetic, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Playful, Stubborn
Affectionate, Aggressive, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Curious, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Responsive, Social, Stubborn, Territorial
Grooming:
High maintenance
Low maintenance
Trainability:
Moderate
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
No
No
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
No
Yes

Comparison with other breeds

  1. Jack Russell Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  2. Jack Russell Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  3. Jack Russell Terrier vs Cairn Terrier - Breed Comparison
  4. Jack Russell Terrier vs Border Terrier - Breed Comparison
  5. Jack Russell Terrier vs Australian Terrier - Breed Comparison
  6. Jack Russell Terrier vs American Hairless Terrier - Breed Comparison
  7. Jack Russell Terrier vs Bull Terrier Miniature - Breed Comparison
  8. Jack Russell Terrier vs English White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  9. Jack Russell Terrier vs Feist - Breed Comparison
  10. Jack Russell Terrier vs Dandie Dinmont Terrier - Breed Comparison
  11. Jack Russell Terrier vs Cesky Terrier - Breed Comparison
  12. Jack Russell Terrier vs Glen of Imaal Terrier - Breed Comparison
  13. Jack Russell Terrier vs Chilean Fox Terrier - Breed Comparison
  14. Jack Russell Terrier vs Black and Tan Terrier - Breed Comparison
  15. Jack Russell Terrier vs Cairland Terrier - Breed Comparison
  16. Jack Russell Terrier vs Fell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  17. Miniature Schnauzer vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  18. Rat Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  19. Scottish Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  20. Patterdale Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  21. Norwich Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  22. Norfolk Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  23. Parson Russell Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  24. Russell Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  25. Manchester Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  26. Welsh Corgi vs Corgi - Breed Comparison
  27. Welsh Corgi vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  28. Welsh Corgi vs Miniature Australian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  29. Welsh Corgi vs Cardigan Welsh Corgi - Breed Comparison
  30. Welsh Corgi vs Shetland Sheepdog - Breed Comparison
  31. Welsh Corgi vs Toy Australian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  32. Welsh Corgi vs Pomeranian - Breed Comparison
  33. Welsh Corgi vs Maltese - Breed Comparison
  34. Welsh Corgi vs Pug - Breed Comparison
  35. Welsh Corgi vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
  36. Welsh Corgi vs Beagle - Breed Comparison
  37. Welsh Corgi vs Maltipoo - Breed Comparison
  38. Welsh Corgi vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  39. Welsh Corgi vs Bichon Frise - Breed Comparison
  40. Welsh Corgi vs Dachshund - Breed Comparison
  41. Welsh Corgi vs Jack Russell Terrier - Breed Comparison
  42. Welsh Corgi vs Cockapoo - Breed Comparison
  43. Welsh Corgi vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  44. Welsh Corgi vs Cavapoo - Breed Comparison
  45. Welsh Corgi vs Miniature Schnauzer - Breed Comparison
  46. Welsh Corgi vs Cavachon - Breed Comparison
  47. Welsh Corgi vs Mal-Shi - Breed Comparison
  48. Welsh Corgi vs Papillon - Breed Comparison

View/Compare Breeds

Popular Dog Breeds