English White Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison

Both English White Terrier and West Highland White Terrier are originated from United Kingdom. English White Terrier may grow 16 cm / 7 inches higher than West Highland White Terrier. Both English White Terrier and West Highland White Terrier are having almost same weight. English White Terrier may live 8 years less than West Highland White Terrier. Both English White Terrier and West Highland White Terrier has almost same litter size. English White Terrier requires Moderate maintenance. But West Highland White Terrier requires High maintenance

Basic Information

Group:
Terrier dog
Terrier dog
Origin:
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Height Male:
44 - 46 cm
17 - 19 inches
25 - 30 cm
9 - 12 inches
Height Female:
42 - 44 cm
16 - 18 inches
23 - 28 cm
9 - 12 inches
Weight Male:
6 - 9 kg
13 - 20 pounds
7 - 10 kg
15 - 23 pounds
Weight Female:
5 - 8 kg
11 - 18 pounds
6 - 7 kg
13 - 16 pounds
Life Span:
5 - 8 Years
12 - 16 Years
Litter Size:
5 - 9
3 - 7
Size:
Small dog
Small dog
Other Names:
Old White English Terrier, White English Terrier Old English Terrier British White Terrier. Old White Terrier
Westie or Westy
Colors Available:
brown, white with brindle, black or other markings
White
Coat:
Close, hard, short, and glossy
‎Double
Shedding:
Moderate
Minimal
Temperament:
Affectionate, Aggressive, Docile, Friendly, Gentle, Lively, Loving
Affectionate, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Friendly, Independent
Grooming:
Moderate maintenance
High maintenance
Trainability:
Moderate
Moderate
Hypoallergenic:
No
Yes
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
Yes
Yes

History

The English White Terrier was developed in the 1860’s by a group of breeders from the Sealyham terriers, the Jack Russell terrier, and the Fox Terrier. These breeders were looking for a white terrier that could be more successful in the show ring than the current prick-eared English terrier. They named their new breed, the English White Terrier or the Old English terrier. In later years in the United States, the English White Terrier was mixed again with the Rat Terrier and the Old English Bulldog to create both the Boston terrier and the Bull terrier.

Although the breed did not last long it did have a prestigious ancestry that could be traced back centuries in England among ancient terriers. The word terrier was in use in England in 1440, showing that the dogs were well known at that time. Most historians agree that the dogs were even older than the 1400’s. It is believed that terriers who “went to ground” after prey, existed as far back as the time of Christ in England.

Most of these ancestors of the English White Terrier were not white. White terriers came onto the scene around the 1700’s.The first picture of white terriers appeared in 1790 when Sawre Gilpin, a British artist, painted “A Huntsman with Hounds Foxhunting” and the terriers in the painting were white with brown marks. Others began to show the same kind of terriers in their artwork – white coated. Before this it is believed that breeders killed the white terriers at birth because they were often deaf and inferior to the other terriers. In the early part of the 19th century, the white terrier began to be completely white with no markings. The Kennel Club recognized them in 1874 as the White English Terrier.

The breed faced many genetic issues, deafness and the Kennel Clubs felt there was no difference between the current White English terrier and the English White terrier despite the difference in their ears. The new English White Terrier had dropped ears instead of Prick-ears. They considered them to be the same breed and not even different types. They were the smallest of all terriers and considered to be a good pet but not a show dog or a working dog. Because of this it was not very popular, and it actually had been bred to be a show dog and not a working dog. The English White Terrier was not recognized by any Kennel Club and within 30 years it was extinct.

west highland white terrierThe West highland white terrier originated from Poltalloch in Scotland. So they were initially called as Poltalloch terrier and after that they were called as Roseneath terrier. They were initially used for hunting fox, badger, otter and in killing the vermin like rats.

The breed history says that Colonel Malcolm of Poltalloch was the reason for the Westie's white colour. This is because in 19th centuryhe went for hunting with his dogs and accidentally he shot his dog as its colour was as fox. So he decided to breed only white colour dogs.

Description

The English White Terrier had a pure white coat with no markings of any kind. His coat was short, hard, and glossy and his body was firm, muscular and hard. The breed was small – almost a toy. They had a body like the Manchester Terrier. They had long legs and large feet. The tail was medium size and straight out from the body.

The English White Terrier had a very refined head with a fairly long muzzle. Their bite was even, and their eyes were brown, amber or black. Their ears dropped – unlike the pricked ears of the White English Terrier.

west highland white terrier puppyThe Westie can be said as that a small dog having the talents of the big dog. They are very popular for their obedience. They are also working as therapy dogs and also some in search and rescue teams. The home having Westie will have fun always and be enthusiastic. They will suit them for country or city living, but they like to live with their family. They are well suitable for apartment living, but some training should be given to them for not barking. They can stay in home when you are at work. Westie can be taken to travel, whether it may be long vacation or a short visit.

They are quick learners and so training them is not difficult. Mistakes of them can be corrected patiently since they don't like harsh activities against them. Westie will definitely bark when he sees something or hear different sounds. He will bark on seeing visitors or even other dogs. Sometimes they will bark for very silly things but when given appropriate training in their young stage, they can bark only for alerts.

Health Problems

The breed was considered to be unhealthy for the most part and became extinct because of this. Many complained that the breed was inbred and had a weak constitution because of it. Deafness was prevalent throughout the breed. This deafness occurs in many white animals, but the English White Terrier had the highest rates among all white dogs.

west highland white terrier dogItchy skin and pyoderma are common in terriers. Skin diseases such as Seborrhea and epidermal dysplasia are also found in them.

Hair fall

Westies have possibilities of getting yeast infections in skin[Malassezia Dermatitis] and due to that hair loss will be more.

Caring The Pet

Feeding

It was best to feed the English White Terrier 1-2 cups of dry meal per day served in 2 meals.

Health issues

As mention previously, the English White Terrier was congenitally deaf and had a weak constitution.

Exercise and games

This little dog with all its problems was still a very energetic dog and needed considerable exercise. Owners had to develop exercises and games to keep the English White Terrier occupied as with any terrier. If they didn’t have a job or something to occupy their minds and bodies, they were destructive.

Feeding the puppy

west highland white terrier puppiesThe puppy should be fed 3 to 4 times per day as it requires a considerable amount for their growth. Cooked chicken breast and turkey are best for them and also vegetables should be given to them. Beef and chicken should be kept a limit as it will lead to itchy skin and allergies.

Feeding the adult

The preferable food for the Westie is home cooked. The home food will only contain all the essential nutrients for the Westie.

Points for Good Health

Eventhough the Westie is suitable for apartment living it is recommended to have a daily walk for him to be active and refreshing.

Games and Exercises

They should be made to play for atleast 30 minutes per day for their health as to not gain overweight. Grown up children can play with them as they like it.

Characteristics

The English White Terrier was affectionate and devoted to his family. It was the softest tempered of all terriers and made an excellent pet. Some of the English White Terriers were animal aggressive while others were not. Training was difficult because of the wide-spread deafness in the breed. IT loved to be cuddled and held. They were also tenacious and game for any type of fight or hunt despite their size and deficiencies.

Children friendliness

west highland white terrier dogsThe Westie is friendly with children but not all the time. So some care should be taken while they are near children.

Special talents

They like to chase rodents like rabbits as they are interested in hunting.

Adaptability

They are suitable for apartment living unless they are left alone for a very long time. They love cold weather more than hot.

Learning ability

They can be trained by giving some extra efforts.

Comparison with other breeds

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  8. English White Terrier vs Boston Terrier - Breed Comparison
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  26. Boston Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  27. Jack Russell Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  28. Miniature Schnauzer vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
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  30. Border Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  31. Rat Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  32. Scottish Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  33. Australian Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  34. Patterdale Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  35. American Hairless Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  36. Bull Terrier Miniature vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  37. Norwich Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  38. Norfolk Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  39. Parson Russell Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  40. Russell Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  41. Feist vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  42. Manchester Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  43. Dandie Dinmont Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  44. Miniature Fox Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  45. Cesky Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  46. Glen of Imaal Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  47. Schnorkie vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  48. Sealyham Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  49. Chilean Fox Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison

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