Volpino Italiano vs Franzuskaya Bolonka - Breed Comparison

Volpino Italiano vs Franzuskaya BolonkaVolpino Italiano is originated from Italy but Franzuskaya Bolonka is originated from France. Both Volpino Italiano and Franzuskaya Bolonka are having almost same height. Volpino Italiano may weigh 7 kg / 16 pounds more than Franzuskaya Bolonka. Both Volpino Italiano and Franzuskaya Bolonka has same life span. Volpino Italiano may have more litter size than Franzuskaya Bolonka. Volpino Italiano requires High maintenance. But Franzuskaya Bolonka requires Low maintenance

Basic Information

Group:
Toy dog
Toy dog
Origin:
Italy
France
Height Male:
25 - 30 cm
9 - 12 inches
22 - 27 cm
8 - 11 inches
Height Female:
23 - 28 cm
9 - 12 inches
18 - 24 cm
7 - 10 inches
Weight Male:
9 - 12 kg
19 - 27 pounds
3 - 5 kg
6 - 12 pounds
Weight Female:
7 - 10 kg
15 - 23 pounds
2 - 5 kg
4 - 12 pounds
Life Span:
14 - 16 Years
12 - 16 Years
Litter Size:
4 - 6
1 - 3
Size:
Toy dog
Toy dog
Other Names:
Cane del Quirinale Florentine Spitz Italian Spitz Pom Spitz Volpino
Bolonka Zwetna, Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka, , Russian Lapdogs
Colors Available:
fawn, mostly white in past were black, honey, sable, champagne, red
white
Coat:
long and bushy coat
curly, wavy
Shedding:
Seasonal
Minimal
Temperament:
Affectionate, Curious, Energetic, Intelligent, Loyal, Playful
Affectionate, Alert, Friendly, Gentle, Intelligent, Loving, Playful, Quiet, Responsive, Social, Sweet
Grooming:
High maintenance
Low maintenance
Trainability:
Easy
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
No
Yes
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
Yes
Yes

History

volpino italianoThis Italian bred dog is Spitz-type and very ancient. The Spitz breeds have been around since at least 4000BC. Archeologists have found remains that match the Spitz heritage of fox like heads, curly tails, erect small ears. In Greece in 400BC there were engravings of these dogs. Michelangelo painted the breed as he lived with one. In 1888, the Queen of England – Victoria – brought 6 back to England from Florence.

The Italians have loved the Volpino for centuries. These little dogs that resemble the Pomeranian so much but existed much before them. It was very early in the history of the domesticated dog that the Volpino moved from north to south. The Italians called them Volpino because it means foxy dog. They also called them Lupino which means wolfy dog.

The breed was never seen outside of its home range in Italy until the 1880’s and it is still a rare breed. However since the 1980’s the breeders of the American Eskimo brought some from Italy to the US and claimed they were American Ekimo runts. They interbred the Volpino with the American Eskimo creating the toy and mini Eskimo.

The Volpino was a guard dog alerting the Mastiffs to the presence of intruders. The Mastiff would then respond to the intruder. The Volpino was also a popular companion animal due to their easy temperament and their high intelligence level. However they grew less popular and by 1965 there were only a few registered dogs left. There was an attempt to revive the breed in 1984 when dogs that still lived on farms were used as new stock. Even with this, they remain a rare breed and only about 4000 are alive throughout the world.

The Volpino have been denied AKC registration or stock registration as they are considered to be too much like the American Eskimo Dog. However they are recognized by the FCI, the UKC, the ENCI (Italian National Kennel Club), the North American Volpino Club, the Volpino Italiano Health and Genealogy Club and the Volpino Club of America.

franzuskaya bolonkaThe Franzuskaya Bolonka in France is known as the Tsvetnaya Bolonka in Russia and in Germany as the Bolonka Zwetna. All of these translate to Colored Bolognese. It is known as the “Pride of Russia” and was rediscovered by the Russians following the thaw of the Cold War. It is also sometimes translated as a colored lapdog.

The Bolonka is a rare breed in the toy category with ancestors in the Bichon Friese line. This little dog looks very much like the national dog of Cuba – the Havanese. In addition to the Bichon other small dogs in this ancestral line include the Shih Tzu, Toy Poodle, and Pekingese as well as the French, Italian and German Bolonka. They are often confused with the Bolognese as both breeds appear in various countries and have many similarities.

In all countries the common name for this dog is the Bolonka. They have a variety of names and nick names depending on the country. In addition to being the “Pride of Russia” he is called a Russian colored Bichon, Czechs call it the Bareyny Bolonsky, the Germans since 1980 have called it the Bolonka Zwetna but the Nordic Kennel Union does not recognize the Zwenta only the Russian Twetnaya.

The French version is seen to be the original with its ancestry dating back to the 18th century when Russian nobles were presented with a Bolonka by Louis XIV of France, and others migrated with the army of Napoleon to Russia. They were still known as the Bolonka of France. Small dogs were not popular in Russia due to the need for dogs that could work on farms and/or hunt. Particularly during the Soviet years, they were considered unnecessary. No Bolonkas were imported to Russia during the Soviet regime, so only localized breeding took place. The goal of breeders in the Soviet Union was to develop a toy dog, lap sized with an apartment living temperament.

During the cold war the Russians sent a pair of breeding Franzuskaya Bolonka to East Germany and they began to develop the breed there as well. At the same time the colored versions of the Bolonka were being bred. The Franzuskaya Bolonka is recognized by the Verband Dur Das Deutsche Hundewesen (VDF) while the other colored breeds are not. The white Bolonka is not recognized by the Federation Cynoloqique Internationale as a breed separate from the Bolognese but as simply another version. Individual clubs throughout the world recognized one or more versions of the Bolonka. They are thought to be the rarest within the Bichon family.

Today’s Bolonka is owed by Prince William and Princess Kate, giving the breed more publicity than it has had in many years.

Description

volpino italiano puppyThe Volpino is about the same size as the Pomeranian and smaller than the American Eskimo Dog. They are a rare breed and they have a soft, thick coat and they can be red, white or champagne. With the pointed ears and muzzles, they do look like a fox. They have large thick tails curling over their back and they have double coats.

franzuskaya bolonka puppyThe Franzuskaya Bolonka is neither heavy boned nor fine boned. They are a toy breed with a moderate bone structure. The ears are neither long nor short and they have tails that touch the back at the tip. Like others in the Bichon family the Franzuskaya Bolonka does not shed. He is a sturdy little dog and the male has a distinct beard and moustache that the females of the breed do not. They have long coats that are wavy and curly. The Franzuskaya Bolonka is of course only white. The Russian version might be brown, red, black, wolf-gray, gray and of course white.

Health Problems

Health Problems

volpino italiano dogThe Italian Volpino has better health than most dogs due to so much isolation for so many years. However they are susceptible to some diseases and genetic issues.

• PLL Primary Lens Luxation – Genetic mutation of the eye. Very painful and usually occurs between 4 and 8 years of age. Usually results in euthanasia.

• Patellar Luxation – moving knee cap – can result in lameness and/or arthritis.

  • Cardiac Issues

The Franzuskaya Bolonka is susceptible to dental issues as well as

  1. Luxating Patella
  2. Can cause lameness and arthritis
  3. Hip Dysplasia
  4. Can cause lameness and arthritis
  5. Liver Shunts
  6. Serious and sometimes fatal bypassing of the liver by the circulatory system
  7. Thyroid Issues
  8. Difficult to diagnose but easy to treat with medication
  9. Corneal Abrasions

franzuskaya bolonka dogMedical issues are not fully documented because of the rarity of the breed and the years of isolation in the Soviet Union.

Caring The Pet

Caring for Pet

volpino italiano puppies1Feeding the puppy small meals 3-4 times day don’t overfeed feed small breed food

2.Feeding the adult small meals 2x day don’t overfeed small breed food

3.Points for Good Health general excellent health

4. Games and Exercises

don’t require much Agility, nose work, and rally

Feeding the puppy

franzuskaya bolonka puppiesFeed at least 3 meals a day. Feed one fourth of a cup daily split into three meals of a high quality puppy food.

Feeding the adult

Feed at least 2 meals per day. Feed one half of a cup daily split into two meals of a high quality dry food.

Points for Good Health

Fairly healthy breed due to isolation during cold war

Games and Exercises

The Franzuskaya Bolonka is developed as a lap dog but that does not mean he doesn’t need daily exercise. He loves to play but play gently and not for any length of time. They like to chase balls, play hide and seek and any tricks you want to teach them.

Characteristics

Characteristics

1Children friendliness yes but better with older children than young ones

2.Special talents – loyalty and playfulness – people are his specialty

3.Adaptability very could live anywhere

4.Learning ability high loves to learn, very intelligent

Children friendliness

franzuskaya bolonka dogsThe Bolonka is great with kids, just avoid too intense play.

Special talents

The Bolonka is a playful, lap dog with a lot of love to offer

Adaptability

Good adaptability great in the city in apartments and great in the country as well

Learning ability

They are very smart and love to learn. Being firm but beyond firm is also kind.

Comparison with other breeds

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  26. Morkie vs Franzuskaya Bolonka - Breed Comparison
  27. Havanese vs Franzuskaya Bolonka - Breed Comparison
  28. Pekingese vs Franzuskaya Bolonka - Breed Comparison
  29. Long Haired Chihuahua vs Franzuskaya Bolonka - Breed Comparison
  30. Russian Toy Terrier vs Franzuskaya Bolonka - Breed Comparison
  31. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Yorkshire Terrier - Breed Comparison
  32. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Chihuahua - Breed Comparison
  33. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Chorkie - Breed Comparison
  34. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Chinese Crested Dog - Breed Comparison
  35. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Chiweenie - Breed Comparison
  36. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Chug - Breed Comparison
  37. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Affenpinscher - Breed Comparison
  38. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Brussels Griffon - Breed Comparison
  39. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Chipoo - Breed Comparison
  40. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Chiapom - Breed Comparison
  41. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) - Breed Comparison
  42. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Bichon Bolognese - Breed Comparison
  43. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Bugg - Breed Comparison
  44. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Cockachon - Breed Comparison
  45. Phalene vs Franzuskaya Bolonka - Breed Comparison
  46. Shih Tzu vs Franzuskaya Bolonka - Breed Comparison
  47. Silky Terrier vs Franzuskaya Bolonka - Breed Comparison
  48. Snorkie vs Franzuskaya Bolonka - Breed Comparison
  49. Toy Bulldog vs Franzuskaya Bolonka - Breed Comparison
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